TheUnited States presidential elections are about to happen on the 8thof November 2016. According to media predictions, the most preferredpresidential candidates, thus far, have been Hillary Clinton of theDemocrat and Donald Trump of the Republican[CITATION Hen16 p 1 l 1033 ].The other candidates include Libertarian Gary Johnson and Green PartJill Stein. However, much has been said about these candidates andpredictions made for the most probable candidate to grab thepresident’s seat. The sitting president, Barrack Obama, hasexhibited support for the Democratic Party Candidate, HillaryClinton[CITATION Kat16 p 2 l 1033 ].The presidential candidates, on the other hand, have intensifiedtheir campaigns in various states with the aim of increasingtheir popularity in many states as possible. Besides groundcampaigns, they have held a presidential debate focused on providingcitizens with the crucial information needed to assess theirsuitability for the office.
Thereis a two-party system in the United States that include theRepublican Party and the Democratic Party. The U.S. party system isunique from other democracies in the West that have a multiparty typeof elections and parliaments. However, third parties haveincreasingly gained traction with the electorate. “Third parties inthe United States include the Green Party, Constitution Party, ReformParty, and the Libertarian Party”[CITATION Hen16 p 3 l 1033 ].Their function is to push and lobby the major parties intoconsidering their stand on a myriad of significant issues.
Theelection process in the U.S takes place through various stages thatfinally ascertain the victor and the new president. People cast theirvotes based on candidate’s policies and position on fundamentalsocial and economic issues[CITATION BBC16 p 2 l 1033 ].For instance, the most important issues among voters include theeconomy, immigration, and healthcare. Nevertheless, discriminatory practices in the electoral processregarding candidate’s age, race, religion, and sex persist.Discriminatory practices have been evident over the past electionswhere voters in certain states have cast their votes based on race,color, and ethnicity backgrounds.
Thepresidential candidates have targeted specific states that are vitalin determining the winner. In the , the primary swingstates are Ohio, Florida, and Pennsylvania. Over the recentelections, the presidency has been determined by Florida and Ohio,which have the most electoral votes, 29 and 18 respectively[CITATION Hen16 p 3 l 1033 ].The republican and democratic candidates have, therefore, putnumerous resources and efforts on these two states as a strategy towin more votes.
Onthe morning of the voting day, all polling booths in 50 states andWashington Dc will be open, anticipating over 120 million voters[CITATION Kat16 p 1 l 1033 ].Thecounting of the votes starts immediately, and the first glimpse ofthe results is made based on surveys. After the winner is declared,the two candidates give a speech, one for claiming victory and theother to concede defeat. The sitting president term expires on the20th January 2017, when the newly elected president takes over theoffice and moves into the White House.
The2016 election process is expected to be a tight race for the WhiteHouse between the Democrats’, Hillary Clinton and the Republicans’,Donald Trump. The constitution provides for a free and fair election.All due procedures, in the election process, ought to be carried outwith due diligence, integrity, and transparency to avoid rigging ofthe results. According to the constitution, the new president isallowed to serve for only two terms.
BBC. "US election poll tracker: Who is ahead – Clinton or Trump?" BBC News (2016): 1-6. Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2016-37450661
Henderson, Barney. "How does the US presidential election work and which swing states will determine whether Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton will win?" The Telegraph (2016): 1-4. Retrieved from:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/how-does-the-us-presidential-election-work-and-what-are-the-swin/
Katz, Josh. "Who Will Be President?" The New York Times (2016): 1-3. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/upshot/presidential-polls-forecast.html