Addiction Addiction

Addiction

Addiction

Alcoholismis the persistent and disproportionate consumption of alcoholsleading to a collapse in health. Alcohol drinking takes up a lot ofan individual’s time. Alcohol can have an effect on all parts ofthe body including the mind, heart plus liver. It can cause a personto indulge in risky activities like driving while in the effect ofalcohol. Girls are more prone to the detrimental physical andpsychological effects of alcohol abuse.

Thereare several reasons for the difference in the prevalence in school.It may be a cultural thing to drink alcohol, and it is highlyaccepted. In some cultures, alcohol held a unique place and viewed asa tradition. For example, drinking has always been a favorite pastimein the United Kingdom. Alcohol is more available, and it is likely topurchase alcohol at any period of the day and even at night eitherin a shop or a club. The restaurants persist to be a beautiful placefor individuals to congregate. It is usually a place to get togetherwith friends and commence romantic relations they have beensituating where people meet for stories and to calm down after work.

Around2 billion people in the world drink alcoholic drinks. Nationalpreference for particular types of alcohol varies. In some countries,the national consumption is often underrated, mostly the developingcountries and Eastern Europe. (World Health Organization, 2014)

Traditionallymade locally drinks are common especially in Africa, and they tend tobe cheaper than the factory made. (Rehm &amp Monteiro, 2001)In adeveloped country, such as the United States about 17 million that is7 percent of adults are affected.

Inmost developing countries factory made alcohol is not a commoncommodity expects the traditionally made ones. Alcohol intake ismostly in the countries where it is manufactured.

Inmany countries like United Kingdom, Canada, and Ireland alcoholismconstitute a major predicament.

InCanada Based on surveys done the highest percentage of drinkingproblems take place among people aged between 20 and 24(The CanadianEncyclopedia). In Ireland, it is estimated by the Rutland Centrethat one out of ten citizens in Ireland trade in alcoholism. It hasturn out to be the third for the most part common cause for whyindividuals are admitted to the wards of psychiatric.

Alcoholabuse is a major quandary in the United Kingdom. Approximately 38percent of male and 29 percent of girls in England frequently drinkmore than the endorsed secure parameters of taking alcohol.

InIreland and the United Kingdom, there is a highly educatedpopulation. Majority of this population are Christianity whose viewson alcoholism has its roots from the Bible that alcohol is a giftfrom God but has to be taken with moderation, and an excess intake isconsidered a sin

AwarenessPrograms

Thereare some alcohol treatment programs for alcoholism underway allthroughout the different countries designed to fight the problem.Alcoholics Anonymous is one of them. Counseling programs withtherapists who are mainly qualified to handle addiction towardsalcohol use. Alcohol Focus Scotland gives help and counsel forindividuals living in this region of the United Kingdom.

Greatfeedback has been received from these programs with a positiveoutcome. As a counselor, I would give guidelines to parents toprevent the behavior among adolescents, do campaigns through mass andsocial media. Come up with programs to achieve initial detection ofthe problem and limit the conditions of the smell of alcohol.

References

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Cui,C., Noronha, A., Morikawa, H., Alvarez, V. A., Stuber, G. D.,Szumlinski, K. K., … &amp Wilcox, M. V. (2013). New insights onneurobiological mechanisms underlying alcoholaddiction.&nbspNeuropharmacology,&nbsp67,223-232.

Globalstatus report on alcohol and health (2014). World HealthOrganization.

Hasin,Deborah (December 2003). &quotClassification of Alcohol UseDisorders.&quot http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/. Retrieved 28 February2015. External link in |website= (help)

Logrip,M. L., Barak, S., Warnault, V., &amp Ron, D. (2015). CorticostriatalBDNF and alcohol addiction.&nbspBrainresearch,&nbsp1628,60-67.

Mersy,DJ (1 April 2003). &quotRecognition of alcohol and substance abuse.”American family physician. 67 (7): 152

Moon,S Pandey, SC (2012). &quotStress, epigenetic, and alcoholism.”Alcohol research: current reviews. 34 (4): 495–505. PMID 23584115.

Spanagel,R., Durstewitz, D., Hansson, A., Heinz, A., Kiefer, F., Köhr, G., &ampRietschel, M. (2013). A systems medicine research approach forstudying alcohol addiction.&nbspAddictionBiology,&nbsp18(6),883-896.

Spanagel,R. (2015). PL3A SYSTEMS MEDICINE APPROACH TOWARDS UNDERSTANDINGALCOHOL ADDICTION.&nbspAlcoholand Alcoholism,&nbsp50(Suppl1), i1-i1.

RehmJ, Monteiro M, Room R, Gmel G, Jernigan D, Frick U (2001). Stepstowards constructing a global comparative risk analysis for alcoholconsumption:European addiction research,2001b, 7:138-147.