Advantagesof Group Therapy
Oneof the most common processes used in the course of healing and curingis therapy. The practice is used to address various social andcognitive problems that individuals go through. Total recovery ofvarious ailments has always been attributed to certain types oftherapy (Crair, 2016). One of the most used forms is the grouptherapy also known as the panel psychotherapy. The method ischaracterized by the act of one or several therapists having a groupof clients in their sessions. The group, under the surveillance of atrained therapist, is encouraged to support each other to overcomethe challenges that they are experiencing. The groups often consistof peer members who are facing a similar predicament in their lives,like depression, anxiety, or behavioral issues.
Theapproach has proven to yield incredible results in the lives of theindividuals within the group since it has been in use for many years.The method does not only allow the members to learn from differentexperiences, but it also enables them to view certain aspects from adifferent perspective. Just like the individual therapy, thetechnique has a powerful impact on the growth and the transformationof the people involved. Besides, it allows them to be aware ofthemselves and get support from others. Undeniably,group therapy is the best choice in the therapeutic field since ithas wide applications in the treatment of anxiety, mental healthproblems, and personality issues among others
Advantagesof Group Therapy
Thereis no area where this psychiatric maxim has proven to be moreapplicable than in the rehabilitation of children. The sporadicincrease of group treatment in the aspects of psychologicaldisorders, enhancement of personal growth and development and pointof becoming aware of different adaptive skills in the socialphenomena has made it one of the most significant events in themental sector today. Even though the individual therapy technique hasproven to have potential benefits, researchers have asserted thatgroup treatment is unchallenged when it comes to its effectiveness inhandling several disorders (Holas et al., 2016). Currently, somestudies have presented their findings on the efficacy of progressivegroups as a primary tool for dealing with mental health problems,anxiety and personality issues.
First,group therapy gives the members of the group a pool of factors thatgives them the ability to have a clear view of the life situationsand learn how to incorporate cope up strategies in their lives. Thesepolicies have enhanced the decision making and expression of theirmessed up thoughts and emotions. Therefore, the group members onlyneed to have faith throughout the program and hope for the best.Moreover, it is essential for them to be motivated to participateactively in the group activities.
Oneof the factors is the ability to select participants who will be partof the team. This aspect is very significant as it directly impactson the outcome and the individuals either positively or negatively.It is through careful selection that the therapist can group inpeople in pools of commonalities (Greefield et al., 2013). In thepools, the members can relate easily to problems that other peopleare facing and learn from them. This mentality is based on the worksof Alfred Adler which brought out the principles of IndividualPsychology. The argument is centered on the doctrine that men aresocial beings and will always desire to be corrected and supported byothers (Frisch et al., 2013). Therefore, when the group is made up ofindividuals with common issues, it is likely to foster the growth ofthe social interests. People are exposed to others and can learn fromthe reactions they get from them. Standard groups also allow theparticipants to bring out their potential natural interests sociallythrough helping members of the team. A selected group primaryobjective is to act as a mirror phenomenon which challenges theindividual with various concepts of personal social, mental andphysical image. However, there are also risks of members dropping outfrom the group after selection. This early dropout can significantlyaffect the formed group and prevent it from realizing its objectives.The dropout rate in the group will always result in a wave effectwhereby other members will drop out since their colleagues also leftit. Therefore, when selecting the unit, it is necessary for thetherapist to be cautious to eliminate the cases of prematuretermination. Perennial defiant members should be excluded as early aspossible to bar them from intimidating other members (Scheese et al.,2013). However, it is clear that selection of group participantscomes with several benefits that are core to the success of patient’srecovery.
Anotheradvantage of the technique is nurturing of group cohesiveness. Thisconcept is the foundation that promotes other group activities andleads to an excellent outcome. The aspect cultivates a sense ofbelonging among the participants as they try to sail through thecrisis they are facing in their personal lives (Crair, 2016).Research has it that when members of a group have the feeling thatthey fit and are the same like other team members, the likelihood ofdisclosing additional information increases. They learn to trust andaccept things. The close connection in a group has also beenattributed to the increased ability to listen to the concerns ofothers, compare the life experiences of others to their personal lifeexperiences, live with others and offer assistance throughout thesessions of group therapy. In this case, cohesion becomes abeneficial aspect of group treatment. Therefore, medical expertsshould struggle to maintain group cohesiveness particularly at thebeginning of the process to build trust. It is through trust that theindividuals gain ability of the person to accommodate the thoughtsand the emotions of others in the course of the therapy. Cohesivenessnurtures the concept of self-identity that enables the members to seethemselves as part of a large group. One of the factors that havebeen found to weaken cohesiveness is gender. Men and women willalways have a different view leading to disagreement on the topicsunder discussion. However, cohesive groups will create a tendency ofdoing things in a way that will be acceptable to the group since theway they are evaluated by others matters most. The more theindividuals are attracted to the group the more the likelihood ofearly dropout drops. Cohesiveness is an essential benefit that comesalong with the application of group treatment technique as itpromotes a sense of belonging, and gives room for continuousparticipation and stability for the therapy program.
Lastbut not least, the “here and now” approach is also anotherbeneficial aspect of group therapy.This concept allows members tobecome conscious of the undesirable behaviors and how the behaviorsaffect others. The here and now perspective is centered on the notionthat the interpersonal situations will always come out during thetherapeutic engagements. It gives the therapist an ample platform tolook at the emotions, contemplations and the actions of theindividuals rather than the issues of the members. It allows thetherapists to focus on the prevailing situation and the illuminationprocess in which the members reflect on the right here and right nowhappenings (Holas et al., 2016). This aspect is achieved through twofolds. First, the psychotherapist must create an opportunity thatactivates the here and now perspective. He can do this through askingthem to disclose some of their life problems, the reasons why theyare seeking help and the other types of distress that may beaffecting them. The feedbacks to these questions are very crucial inthe illumination process. Members can explore their past experiencesand how they influence the current situations. They are also able tosee the pattern of their behavior and figure out what pushed them toact in such a manner. This move is the road to the evaluation ofactions that are unethical. The group setting allows the clinician toapply this concept in the right situation and in a favorableenvironment that is supportive.
Itis evident from the discussion that the application of group therapycomes with several advantages that are likely to see the clientattain full recovery. The approach enables the individuals to benefitfrom diversified opinions and establish strong relationships andsocial support network. Besides, they are also able to interact withtheir groups and illuminate on why they behaved undesirably in thepast.
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