Replyto Post 1

Despitethe challenges confronting ECOWAS, a lot of benefits have beenderived by member states. This post highlights the benefits of ECOWASas though the community was established to benefit only one country,which is Nigeria. To the contrary, ECOWAS was formed to benefit allits partner states. Apart from the creation of a market of 320million people, a lot has been achieved by the Union. Some of theseachievements are: the establishment of a free trade area, a workingcourt of justice, the question of the community’s income has beensolved and the construction of the two Trans-West African highway hasbeen completed (Butu, 2013)

Thougha majority of West African leaders express their desires of having adeeper regional integration, these desires lack the necessarypolitical good will to yield tangible results. Intra-continentaltrade in West Africa still remains a major goal to be achieved due tothe slow implementation of regional trade agreements by memberstates. The other notable issue causing the slow implementation ofECOWAS objectives is insecurity. Insecurity in this region is causedby the clashing of Africans professing different faiths in Nigeriaand Civil wars in Liberia and Cote d’Ivoire. These religious andcivil conflicts have contributed to the political and economicinstability in the West African region. (Bamfo, 2013)

Replyto Post 2

Theparticular post on Southern African Development Community (SADC) hasleft out specific practical examples of its benefits to memberstates. It is recognized that landlocked countries are normally facedwith unique challenges that strain their efforts to advanceeconomically. Some partner states of SADC are landlocked and thusincur higher costs when doing trade. SADC treaty has assistedlandlocked member states by coming up with the Protocol on Trade.This protocol provides for the elimination of barriers to trade. Italso accelerates customs and transit procedures. The landlockedpartner states have thus benefited from the successful launch of theOne-Stop Border-Post that is hinged on the Trade 2009(SADC, 2015)

Itis interesting how the author of post 2 forgot to strictly follow thegiven instructions. One of the Regional Trade Agreement discussed inhis thread is the Free Trade Area Agreement (FTAA). This particularagreement is between the governments of the United States of Americaand Israel. It is guided by the General Agreement on Tariffs andTrade (GATT) and was established in 1985. (Israel-US Free Trade AreaAgreement, 2013). This particular agreement is non-African. Thistreaty may only be discussed under this assignment with the intentionof conducting a comparative analysis study. A comparative analysiscan be useful when studying how the two non-African statessuccessfully eliminated duties and other barriers to trade.

Theissue of denominations has to be tackled with a sober mind whileguided by the scriptures. According to the bible, “thereis one body&nbspand one Spirit,&nbspjust as you were called to onehope when you were called&nbsponeLord,&nbspone faith, one baptism&nbsp(Ephesians4:4-5, New International Version (NIV).These verses point to a single way of worshiping God. At the sametime we need to look back into history is appreciate why differentdenominations emerged in the name of Protestantism. Though it isdesirable to have a single Christian denomination, theright and freedom of worship has to be respected and protected. Man`sfreedom of conscience has to be free from religious monopolies.


Bamfo,N. (2013, February). The Political and Security Challenges Facing`ECOWAS` in the Twenty-first Century: Testing the Limits of anOrganization`s Reputation. InternationalJournal of Humanities and Social Science , 3(3),14-16. Retrieved November 6, 2016, from

Butu,A. W. (2013). IMPACT OF ECOWAS PROTOCOLS ON POLITICAL AND ECONOMICINTEGRATION OF THE WEST AFRICAN SUB-REGION . InternationalJournal of Physical and Human Geography, 1(2),49-53. Retrieved November 6, 2016, from

Israel-USFree Trade Area Agreement.(2013). Retrieved November 6, 2016, from Iareal Ministry of ForeignAffairs:

SADC.(2015). SADCSuccess Stories.Gaborone: SADC Executive Secretary. Retrieved November 6, 2016, from