Aging, Brain, and Cognition

Aging,Brain, and Cognition

Aging,Brain, and Cognition

  1. Background findings

Aginglowers one’s capacity to gain new knowledge while retaining thealready established information. Similarly, the relationship betweenphysical activity and change in cognition is determined by thefeatures of the physical performance (Tabbarah,Crimmins &amp Seeman, 2002). Thereis a link between physical performance and change in cognition

  1. Description of research question

Theanalyses were aimed to test the assumption that decline in cognitionresults in parallel drops in physical activity during challengingtasks (Tabbarahetal.,2002).Examples of activities that were considered difficult in this caseincluded when an individual stands on one leg, walks with eyesclosing and opening, moves while tapping feet, or walks at a hastymotion.

  1. Basic research design/method

Thestudy utilized secondary sources as the mains sources of information.For example, the researchers used data obtained from a study byMacArthur Research Network that analyzed matters of positive aging.The sources were important in examining the relationship betweenchange in intellectual ability and physical performance. Theresearchers used two levels of tasks, including novel and demandingactivities (Tabbarahetal.,2002).They evaluated what happens to physical performance after a specificperiod and also what takes place in terms of cognitive ability afterthe same duration.

  1. Results

Theoutcome suggests that changes in cognitive performance have directcorrelation with physical activities. This implies that the rate ofphysical activity affects cognitive performance. Additionally, thereis proof that gender, prevailing health conditions, and smoking arelinked to cognitive ability. This shows that apart from physicalactivity, several other factors may also influence cognition. Lastly,the results show that demographic factors have a close relationshipwith one’s health (Tabbarahetal.,2002).This is important as it confirms that environment can also have animpact on one’s cognitive ability.

  1. Key vocabulary

  1. Cognition

  2. Performance

  3. Age

  4. Gender

  5. Smoking

  6. Behavior

  7. Performance

  8. Health

  9. Demography

  10. Routine

  11. Tasks

  12. Mental

  13. Daily

  14. Functioning

  15. Education

  16. Prevalence

  17. Change

  18. Pace

  19. Physical

  20. Tandem

  21. Depression


Tabbarah, M., Crimmins, E. M., &amp Seeman, T. E. (2002). The relationship between cognitive and physical performance MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57(4), M228-M235.