Alcoholism

ALCOHOLISM 6

Institutional:

is the excessive use of liquor. In the recent past, cases ofdrunkenness have increased rapidly in the United States, Japan, andNetherlands. For instance, the misuse of brewed drinks is the fourthcause of early death and ill health in the U.S (Alcohol facts andstatistics, 2016). This menace has severe effects on both thecitizens and the economies of these countries at large. Moreover, ifliquor is persistently used, it can easily result in Alcohol UseDisorders (AUDs), economic strains, and family concerns. Besidesthese numerous effects, drunkards tend to waste away due toaddiction. If alcoholism is not controlled comprehensively, there isa high risk of more productive citizens wasting out. The bigdifferences in the percentage of liquor use in the three states raisemany questions thus, the analysis of the possible causal factors isnecessary. Previous reports indicate that taxation of alcohol,restriction of age and off-premises sale of liquor as well asnational action plans adopted in individual countries havecontributed immensely to the rate of brew intake.

Accordingto a study conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and in 2014, 86.7% of American citizens aged above 18 yearsinformed that they had used alcohol at least once in their lifetime.Subsequently, about 88,000 people succumb to alcohol-relatedcomplications. This makes liquor the fourth cause of avoidabledemises in the U.S. (Alcohol facts and statistics, 2016). The UnitedStates of America have the highest cases of alcoholism amongst thethree countries. With a population of more than 320 million people,66 percent have admitted to using liquor regularly (Saad, 2012). Thestatistics, in turn, makes the country rank among the leadingalcohol-drinking nations. Japan, on the other hand, has a totalpopulation of 127, 000,000 people with 37 percent of them beingconsumers of the brewed beverages. As a result, the state has lowercases of alcohol abuse (6.6%) (Japan, 2014), when compared to the U.S(24.7%) (Alcohol facts and statistics, 2016). Additionally,Netherlands has a population of 17 million inhabitants. About 7.3percent of the Dutch people consume alcohol. Consequently, thecountry is one of the nations that drink the least in the world(Netherlands, 2014).

Fromthe above statistics, the three nations have different rates ofalcohol use. This could be attributed to the differences in religion,education and the alcohol laws implemented. For instance, in theUnited States, the religious views against alcohol are weak. In fact,it is considered as an essential part of meals therefore, manypeople take liquor after every meal. Even though the minimum agelimit for drinking is higher than in other countries, the laws havenot helped to regulate the numerous cases of alcohol abuse (Alcoholfacts and statistics, 2016). In Netherlands, the laws that controlalcohol use are inferior to the ones in the U.S, but the observationof the policies makes the difference. Japan, on the other hand,consists of highly educated citizens who are mostly engaged inindustrial activities thus, they have little time to participate indrinking. Moreover, their religion also plays a significant role inthe reduction of binge drinking. For example, the Japanese mostlybelong to the Buddhist faith that encourages people to develophealthy habits. Drinking is not considered a healthy routine (Verhoefet al., 2014).

Accordingto Gowling (2014), Europe and the Western countries such as Canadaand the U.S have the highest rate of alcohol consumption, whichaverages to 10.9 liters of liquor per year. Due to the high frequencyof liquor intake in the U.S., 8.9% of the citizens sought AUDtreatment in 2014 (Alcohol facts and statistics, 2016). Despitehaving high educational levels, availability of the brew andreluctant religious views towards the restriction of the beveragehave led to the rampant consumption of liquor. In contrast, only 6.6%of the Netherlanders were reported to suffer from alcohol addictionback in 2010 (Netherlands, 2014). The limited alcohol abuse inNetherlands can be attributed to the high taxation, tough governmentpolicies that restrict the legal age of drinking and the sale of thebeverages is confined to the specified premises.

Heavydrinking has severe impacts on one’s health. If not addressedurgently, high cases of deaths, disorders, and social strains willrapidly increase, thus, destroying generations. Some steps can betaken to curb dangerous consumption of alcohol. Firstly, thereligious leaders should enlighten the people on the effects ofalcohol use. Secondly, the governments should restrict the age limitof people who can purchase alcohol. For instance, in places likeJapan where citizens can buy products through A.T.M, alcohol shouldnot be offered in the machines to prevent minors from purchasingliquor. Thirdly, nations should create rehabilitation centers foraddicts. The centers are vital for people who are too dependent onalcohol to stop using it indefinitely. Lastly, high taxation shouldbe imposed on the brew to discourage the buyers. The administrationsshould accomplish this by creating awareness through media andrelated programs that curb this menace. If all these recommendationsare enacted promptly, alcoholism stands high chances of reducingdrastically.

References

Alcoholfacts and statistics (2016). TheNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and .Web. Retrieved on Oct. 29, 2016 fromhttps://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics

Conner,K. R., Huguet, N., Caetano, R., Giesbrecht, N., McFarland, B. H.,Nolte, K. B., &amp Kaplan, M. S. (2014). Acute use of alcohol andmethods of suicide in a U.S national sample.&nbspAmericanJournal of Public Health,&nbsp104(1),171-8. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/1477881534?accountid=45049

Gowling,A. (2014). Netherlands has one of the lowest rates of alcoholconsumption in Europe.I Am Expat.Web. Retrieved fromhttp://www.iamexpat.nl/read-and-discuss/expat-page/news/netherlands-one-lowest-rates-alcohol-consumption-europe

Japan(2014). Alcohol consumption levels and patterns. World HealthOrganization International.Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/profiles/jpn.pdf

Netherlands(2014). Alcohol consumption: Levels and patterns. WorldHealth Organization.Web. Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/profiles/nld.pdf

Saad,L. (2012, August 17). Majority in U.S. drink alcohol, averaging fourdrinks a week. GallUp.Web. Retrieved fromhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/156770/majority-drink-alcohol-averaging-four-drinks-week.aspx

Verhoef,M., Eijnden, R., Koning, I.M., &amp Vollebergh, W.A. (2014). Age atmenarche and adolescent alcohol use.&nbspJournalof Youth and Adolescence,&nbsp43(8),1333-45. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0075-6.