ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 7
Ascherio,A., Munger, K. L., & Simon, K. C. (2010). Vitamin D and multiplesclerosis. TheLancet Neurology, 9(6),599-612.
Theauthors of this journal discuss the relationship that exists betweennutrition and multiple sclerosis. The relationship had previouslybeen perceived as hypothetical. The study had formerly provided anexplanation about the geographical spread of multiple sclerosis. Thefindings of the study indicated that vitamin D had an impact onmultiple sclerosis by exerting protection on its progression.However, the research did not show the reasons behind the protectiveexertion process by vitamin D and its genetic modification. Thefindings were founded on the responses of the participants. The studyconsidered social factors as well as healthcare, lifestyle, andindependence. These factors played a key role in healthy aging. Theresearch did not cover all the factors. This article will form abasis for identifying and outlining the various factors thatinfluence the progression of multiple sclerosis.
Evans,C., Beland, S. G., Kulaga, S., Wolfson, C., Kingwell, E., Marriott,J., … & Dykeman, J. (2013). Incidence and prevalence ofmultiple sclerosis in the Americas: a systematic review.Neuroepidemiology,40(3), 195-210.
Thearticle examines the cases of multiple sclerosis in the UnitedStates. The study was limited to the south, north, and central partsof the United States. The popularity of the MS (multiple sclerosis)cases in the stated regions was also considered. The results did notshow homogeneity in the studies besides the stratification of thecountry. About half of the research was standardized, and thesituation made it impossible to make comparisons. More emphasis wasplaced on the northern part of America as opposed to the rest. It isevident from the study that the published information about theepidemiology of MS (multiple sclerosis) in the U.S. is inadequate.Therefore, epidemiology of multiple sclerosis forms an exciting areaof research since more information is needed. The missing gaps in thecomparisons of the study create the need to develop methods ofcontrast. The study will be integral in providing statisticsregarding multiple sclerosis to justify the need for further researchon the subject.
Finlayson,M. L., & Cho, C. C. (2011). A profile of support group uses andneed among middle-aged and older adults with multiple sclerosis.Journalof Gerontological Social Work, 54 (5),475-493.
Thisarticle analyzes the need for the group assistance to people withmultiple sclerosis. The MS (multiple sclerosis) people were groupedinto two major categories, which included individuals of the middleages and older adults. The authors compared the two categories ofpeople based on how they used group assistance. The factors thatrelated to their needs were also identified and examined. The studyfound that the most affected patients and the lonely women neededgroup assistance. The least affected people and those who stayed inthe urban areas seem not to appreciate group support since they neverparticipated in any. Therefore, in developing the various groups thatassist the MS (multiple sclerosis) people, a lot of care needs to betaken especially amongst the ones living in towns. The children andpossibly the youth were totally assumed in this study making theresults less accurate. This article offers evidence on the variousways of managing multiple sclerosis. It will also be integral indeveloping the literature review section.
Jennum,P., Wanscher, B., Frederiksen, J., & Kjellberg, J. (2012). Thesocioeconomic consequences of multiple sclerosis: A controllednational study. EuropeanNeuropsychopharmacology, 22(1), 36-43.
Thisarticle examines the possible socioeconomic effects of multiplesclerosis. The impacts of the MS are mostly negative and affect thepatients as well as the nation at large. The authors analyzed thecosts of healthcare as well as those indirectly related to thedisease. The findings revealed that the multiple sclerosis patientswho had most frequent visits to the hospitals were also unemployed.The consequences of multiple sclerosis affected the patients andsociety. The research was not conclusive since it only considered thesocial and the economic factors. The study did not consider theenvironmental factors creating room for further investigations. Otherscholars using a different methodological approach can also do thestudy. This article will help in identifying the factors that lead tothe development of multiple sclerosis as well as the consequences. Itwill help justify the need for further research.
Kayes,N. M., McPherson, K. M., Schluter, P., Taylor, D., Leete, M., &Kolt, G. S. (2011). Exploring the facilitators and barriers toengagement in physical activity for people with multiple sclerosis.Disabilityand rehabilitation, 33(12), 1043-1053.
Theauthors discuss the relationship that exists between the variousvariables such as the cognitive conduct and the physical practicesdone by the individuals with multiple sclerosis. They usedquestionnaires to gather information about the possible obstacles tothe practices that promote health among the disabled people, multiplesclerosis patients, and self-capabilities for other long-termdiseases. The self-capabilities, potential hindrances to physicalpractice and the mental tiredness contributed significantly to thechanges in the physical activity. The changes were more compared tothe one caused by disease-related variables. The studied variableswere subjected to modifications and thus permit an avenue for furtherresearch. With the advancement in technology, the variables can bemodified to make various designs that can improve physical exercise.There is a gap between the beliefs of the physical activities done bythe people with multiple sclerosis. This article will be integral inidentifying the gaps for further research about multiple sclerosis.
Ploughman,M., Austin, M. W., Murdoch, M., Kearney, A., Fisk, J. D., Godwin, M.,& Stefanelli, M. (2012). Factors influencing healthy aging withmultiple sclerosis: A qualitative study. Disabilityand Rehabilitation, 34(1), 26-33.
Thisarticle identifies and analyzes the various factors that affect thehealthy aging individuals. The study by Ploughman et al. (2012) dealswith the older people with multiple sclerosis. The aim of analyzingthese factors is to develop a syllabus for the improvement of theindividual management programs on multiple sclerosis. The studyincluded people aged above 55. In their qualitative research, theauthors did not consider the people aged 55 and below. This articlewill be integral in building the literature review of the researchand lay the foundation for identifying research gaps.
Ascherio,A., Munger, K. L., & Simon, K. C. (2010). Vitamin D and multiplesclerosis.The Lancet Neurology, 9(6),599-612.
Evans,C., Beland, S. G., Kulaga, S., Wolfson, C., Kingwell, E., Marriott,J., & Dykeman, J. (2013). Incidence and prevalence of multiplesclerosis in the Americas: A systematic review. Neuroepidemiology,40(3),195-210.
Finlayson,M. L., & Cho, C. C. (2011). A profile of support group uses andneed among middle-aged and older adults with multiple sclerosis.Journalof Gerontological Social Work,54(5),475-493.
Kayes,N. M., McPherson, K. M., Schluter, P., Taylor, D., Leete, M., &Kolt, G. S. (2011). Exploring the facilitators and barriers toengagement in physical activity for people with multiple sclerosis.Disabilityand Rehabilitation, 33(12),1043-1053.
Jennum,P., Wanscher, B., Frederiksen, J., & Kjellberg, J. (2012). Thesocioeconomic consequences of multiple sclerosis: A controllednational study. EuropeanNeuropsychopharmacology, 22(1),36-43.
Ploughman,M., Austin, M. W., Murdoch, M., Kearney, A., Fisk, J. D., Godwin, M.,& Stefanelli, M. (2012). Factors influencing healthy aging withmultiple sclerosis: a qualitative study. Disabilityand Rehabilitation, 34(1),26-33.