ARTICLE CRITIQUE 8
Outcomesand Evidence-Based Interventions for Girls in the US Juvenile JusticeSystem by Leve, L., Chamberlain, P., and Kim, H.
Articlecritique: Risks, Outcomes, and Evidence-Based Interventions for Girlsin the US Juvenile Justice System by Leve, L., Chamberlain, P., andKim, H.
TheThesis of the Article
Inthe article “Risks, Outcomes, and Evidence-Based Interventions forGirls in the US Juvenile Justice System,” authors note that girl’sdelinquency in the American Justice System has increased by almost 50percent within the last decade. Leve D. Leslie, Patricia Chamberlain,and Hyoun K. Kim establish that despite this increase, there lackssignificant evaluation and implementation of evidence-based models toreduce or prevent the delinquency.In the development of this article, they gather information andevidence to support their claim that the application of existingevidence-based approaches appears effective in reduction andprevention of girl’s delinquency in the US Juvenile Judicial System
Thearticle had an objective to investigate the potential of using theevidence-based models in addressing the female’s delinquency inJudicial System. In this quest, the article reviewed differentresearch materials according to several themes of investigation.First, the authors analyzed several empirical works to investigatethe predictors and risk factors that explain the juvenile justiceinvolvement for young females. These factors were tin severalcategories including family, contextual and individual behaviors. Inaddition, the article established that these factors are important inthe prevention of criminal behaviors among girls. Concerning thesefactors, the study then investigated the applicability andeffectiveness of evidence-based models by reviewing several materialsdocumenting practices and contexts where the models were used.
Importantinputs from these materials were the findings that the studysummarized according to its defined themes related to the article’sobjectives. The analysis of the findings from wide literature baseproduced several empirical evidence as per the risk and predictorfactors mentioned above. In essence, this evidence lead to theconfirmation of the author’s thesis statement. Also, thequalitative literature analysis steered the study towards developmentof comprehensible discussion resulting from its own findings (Barrettetal.,2015). Moreover, the method enabled determination of consistency ofthe article’s findings with those established by the reports whiteevidence approaches were tested on girls.
However,with the article’s focus only on the existing literature andexperiments on application of these approaches, it lackedoriginality. Such aspect of originality in the academic field isimportant and achievable through uniquely identified context,methods, findings and discussion (Mohr, 2013). Unknowingly, author’sreliance only on literature review without the use of customizedquestionnaires, interviews and other methods of data collection canbring errors and misconceptions without clear ideas of limitations inthe original study.
Althoughthe article used only the acknowledged sources, it failed to considerother important methods and tools that would have provided othersignificant findings. For instance, the study used only theintervention models that were evaluated using randomized controlledtrials (Leve, Chamberlain, & Kim, 2015). Other approaches eventhose in development that can yield accurate information for thestudy were disregarded.
Nonetheless,the authors’ selection of the materials they adopted in their studywas excellent. While they used only the peer-reviewed sources, someof these materials used qualitative approach while other usedquantitative. Consequently, the article “Risks, Outcomes, andEvidence-Based Interventions for Girls in the US Juvenile JusticeSystem” had a strong base by borrowing from such materials. Theinformation was well organized and appropriately used, giving thearticle a genuine flow, supported arguments, and convincing findings.
Althoughno direct error was spotted in the article, the borrowing from othermaterials increases the likelihood of errors and inaccuracies (Mohr,2013). Finally, the study had an assumption that “girls arespecial, thereby requiring special interventions” to address theirdelinquency (Leve, Chamberlain, & Kim, 2015). However, thearticle failed to establish how the girls’ delinquency is differentfrom boys’ about the investigated factors, the findings, anddiscussion.
Authors’Evidence In Support Of the Thesis.
Ina general case, authors Leve D. Leslie, Patricia Chamberlain, andHyoun K. Kim provided strong evidence to support their argumentsthroughout the discussion. Points used to develop all themes are wellphrased, and consistency checked using findings from other researchstudies for comparison. Evidently, there are citations for everyborrowed idea throughout the article. More importantly, authorspresented evidence from the parent materials to prove their argumentsin this article. Such proofs include tables of selectedevidence-based models, the sample population and their results, andsome statistical description from secondary materials. In this case,findings of the article comprise ideas from the parent materials andthose synthesized from the analysis of information from thesematerials.
Inthe determination of the strengths the arguments and the warrantsprovided, the nature and context of the previous studies adopted inthe article are important. In particular, the context of the studycan help understand the reliability of the information while natureand methods used offers assurance on the accuracy and appropriatenessinformation in the study (Baumann & Friehe, 2014). Based on thematerials this study utilized, the evidence authors of the articleprovided was strong. Besides, some of the materials covered thetrends juvenile system in the recent years.
However,it is important to understand that limitations that influenced thestudies in the adopted materials also can affect the findings of thearticle (Bell etal.,2013). Simply put, any effect of a biased assumption in the previousstudies applies to the article since the findings in those studieswere adopted (Cohn, 2012). Nonetheless, the evidence provided in thearticle “Risks, Outcomes, and Evidence-Based Interventions forGirls in the US Juvenile Justice System,” was strong. Moreover, itwas comprehensible leading to a quality base of the stated thesis inall the stages.
TheContribution to the Literature
Sincethe article reviewed different studies to develop its discussion insupport of its thesis, its ideas and evidence were diverse.Consequently, the relationship between different factors of girls’involvement in crime and the effectiveness of the potentialevidence-based models identified and discussed. However, utilizationof additional materials could fill some knowledge gaps left in thearticle. Some of them are briefly reviewed below.
Inthe article “Regulating harmless activity to fight crime,”Baumann and Friehe (2014) poses that regulation of harmlessactivities and behaviors among the young children can be an effectivetool in law instrument that can help reduce delinquency because theydisrupt the behaviors of lawless and law abiding individual. In thiscase, the regulations can be beneficial when they influencebehavioral change. Bauman recommends the use of tools that caneffectively deter the criminal behaviors while at the same timeenhancing detection of delinquency. Similarly, Leve, Chamberlain, andKim (2015) recommend the application of models to influence reductionin criminal behavior among girls.
Inthe article “The Relationship of Alcohol Use and Physical Activityfrom an Ecologic Perspective,” Bigelow Villarruel, and Ronis (2014)assert that there is a significant relationship between alcohol useand physically aggressive behaviors. In addition, the study pointsout that the effect varies across groups when monitored usingecological models. In line with the thesis in “Risks, Outcomes, andEvidence-Based Interventions for Girls in the US Juvenile JusticeSystem,” this article confirms that application of evidence-basedmodels can help monitor, reduce and even prevent juvenile delinquency(Bigelow, Villarruel, & Ronis, 2014). Authors recommended thenursing team to use such approaches to address predictors and riskfactors such as individual behaviors and school contexts.
Inthe article, “Is the Shape of the Age-Crime Curve Invariant by Sex?Evidence from a National Sample with Flexible NonparametricModeling,” Liu Siyu holds that both males and females have parallelage –crime curve. Also, the author establishes that the criminalbehaviors may be the same but have special age-crime when thefrequency of self-report arrest is determined. The study concludesthat there is early resistance against arrest among the femalesleading to the differential percentage of populations in criminaljustice (Liu, 2015). Therefore, this article can help describevarious aspects of gender in criminal justice.
GaryMohr’s article “Integrated Criminal Justice Systems: WorkingCollaboratively to Reduce Recidivism” integrated methods forcriminal justice are addressed, and their effectiveness acknowledged.The author states that such methods can have significant impacts incriminal justice particularly reduction of recidivism anddelinquency. As a result, evidence-based approaches that canintegrate different elements of behaviors and incarceration isrecommended.
Inboth the purpose and method, the article “Risks, Outcomes, andEvidence-Based Interventions for Girls in the US Juvenile JusticeSystem,” has supported its claims well through utilization ofsecondary information. Despite its failure to use quantitativetechniques such as questionnaires and survey in its development, ithas established and proved its arguments through analyticalliterature review. In addition, the discussion is not only detailedbut also comprehensible, thereby establishing its own base ofknowledge for academic and research purposes. In this case, differentindividuals and groups can refer to the article as a primary materialor a compliment to any proposed study in the juvenile criminalsystem.
Whilethis critique paper would recommend the use of the article in futurestudies, it is important to suggest changes that authors Leve,Chamberlain, and Kim can integrate into other editions of thearticle. For instance, a detailed qualitative procedure investigatingthe application and effects of evidence-based models to addressgirls’ delinquency in America can provide a unique sense ofcontribution to the body of literature in juvenile justice system.
Barrett,D., Ju, S., Katsiyannis, A., & Zhang, D. (2015). Females in theJuvenile Justice System: Influences on Delinquency and Recidivism.Journalof Child & Family Studies,24(2), 427-433. Doi: 10.1007/s10826-013-9853-8
Baumann,F., & Friehe, T. (2014). Regulating harmless activity to fightcrime.Journal of Economics,113(1), 79-95. Doi: 10.1007/s00712-013-0359-z
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Bigelow,A., Villarruel, A., & Ronis, D. L. (2014). The relationship ofalcohol use and physical activity from an ecologic perspective.Journalfor Specialists in Pediatric Nursing,19(1), 28-38. doi:10.1111/jspn.12044
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Leve,L., Chamberlain, P., & Kim, H. (2015). Risks, Outcomes, andEvidence-Based Interventions for Girls in the US Juvenile JusticeSystem. ClinicalChild & Family Psychology Review,18(3), 252-279. Doi: 10.1007/s10567-015-0186-6
Liu,Siyu. 2015. "Is the Shape of the Age-Crime Curve Invariant bySex? Evidence from a National Sample with Flexible Non-parametricModeling." Journalof Quantitative Criminology31, no. 1: 93-123.
Mohr,G. (2013). Integrated Criminal Justice Systems: WorkingCollaboratively to Reduce Recidivism. Corrections Today, 75(4),28-31.