behavior modification and punishment

Asparents, few situations exist that are harder to handle than havingan aggressive child. However, it is not uncommon for young childrento express the aggressive behavior at various development stages intheir life. It reaches a point that the children start to incline tothe behavior more than others within their age, and the newaggressive outward behavior tends to be their consistent way ofresponding and reacting to things they do not like (Mazur,55).In such instances, it is the responsibility of the parents and theteachers to help the children change their aggressive approaches tothe other children. The aggressive behavior in children needs awell-calculated approach and understanding the underlying factorscausing the child to act out is the initial step to help the child.The children of ages of 18 months and two years have extremedifficulties in communicating their needs to the caregivers. Thenegative and aggressive approach forms an easy way of putting themessage across, and if left uncultivated, the children develop aninbound habit that controls then up to possible teenage years (Mazur,69).Thispaper aims to discuss the behavior modifications in children andpunishment for particular vices.

Thereare many factors that may prompt aggressive behavior from the child.Hence, it is fundamental to set appropriate behavior modificationmethods that will prevent the child’s behavior from turning to amenace. Acts of self-defense, over-stimulation, lack of adultsupervision, exhaustion, the apparent lack of routine, extremefrustration and anger, and slow development of speech are some causesof child aggressiveness (Mazur100).Hence, there is a need for modifications and control processes tocurb the results of the causes.

Theleading benefit of behavior modification is the improvement of thequality of life of the children. The hugely aggressive children livea miserable life as most of the other children tend to distancethemselves from the former. As a result, the aggressive children lackfriends at such a crucial age. The behavior modification will helpthe children manage and possibly reduce the aggressive impulses,anger outbursts, and the compulsive behavior. The modification alsohelps the children develop coping skills and gain new ones that willequip them with additional skills to handle the unfamiliar andchallenging situations. The children will become more communallyadept. Many treatment plans for behavior modification areshort-lived. The effectiveness of the modifications and the shortperiod of effecting the change makes the modifications cost-effectiveto the users than other long-term treatments.

Punishmentleads to fatigue within the punished children, and with time theydevelop a tendency of accepting the punishment since the signals andimportance of the signals reduce with time. More so, punishments canincrease the behavior of the children with no direct reinforcements,a process that casts doubt on the punished children, and despite theconstant punishment, their reinforced aggression does not end.Additionally, frequent punishment makes the children believe there isnothing they can do to change their current state, and they may endup quitting their efforts to change. Punishments fail to teach theoffenders internal control in that the offenders learn to inhibit thepunished response when under surveillance. Once the punishers, inthis case, teachers withdraw the surveillance, the aggressivechildren lack internal control mechanism to continue with their act,and the punishment tends to achieve no results. In very highly likelyscenarios, the punishment forms may be seen as abuse by other parentswith varied opinions regarding the choice of punishment. Punishmentsflow with aggression, and the punished kid may decide to displaytheir aggression to innocent scapegoats.


Insummary, children behavior ought to be keenly monitored to ensurethat they remain acceptable in the community. Additionally,monitoring is crucial to avoid punishments that have been discussedin the essay. Therefore, the factors that lead to behavior changehave to be avoided by guardians to ensure that children remain on theright track.


Mazur,James E.&nbspLearningand behavior.Psychology Press, 2015.