BENEFITS VS. POTENTIAL HAZARDS 1
BENEFITSvs. POTENTIAL HAZARDS
Human beings are encouraged to make physical body exercise part oftheir daily routine. The body activities are considered essential asthey promote good health and wellness of a person. However, since theneeds may vary among individuals, people need to determine the mostappropriate training program between resistance training and contactsports that fit their personal goals and available time. The sportingactivities differ based on one’s age and weight. The young peopleare the most delicate when it comes to determining their trainingprograms since some of the events pose more danger to them. The paperseeks to analyze the benefits and potential hazards of resistancetraining programs for young populations as opposed to those ofcontact sports such as football and hockey. It shall also provide therationale for one mode of keeping children active over the other.
Before the analysis, it is essential to understand the meaning of thetwo different forms of exercises that are being analyzed. Resistancetraining is where one gets to exercise the muscles and skeleton byusing large forces against them such as lifting weights or by use ofgravity activities such as sprinting or maximal jumping (Assunçãoet al., 2016). Contact sports, on the other hand, refer to eventswhere the participants initiate physical contact such as when playingfootball, hockey or boxing (O`Brien & Meehan, 2016). One of thebenefits of resistance training among the young population is that itenhances musculoskeletal strength. The youth are in the most activestage of their growth and development. The exercises help them todevelop strong muscles that give them the power to perform variousactivities. For instance, they can assist their parents in carryinggroceries and shopping since they become used to the weight. On theother hand, contact sports is beneficial to children as it increasestheir physical health. When the youths are playing football orhockey, they get to run around the field for some time. Their bodiesget to utilize body energy and decrease the amount of fats, whichreduces their risk of developing conditions such as obesity. Acomparison of the enhanced musculoskeletal strength and increasedphysical health indicates that both exercises are essential for theyoung population. The training promotes body growth while at the sametime ensuring good physical health.
Resistance training is also significant to the young population as itimproves motor skill performance. The program entails variousactivities where one is guided by the gym instructor, enabling thechild to work on different body parts (Assunção et al., 2016). Thedoctor or the trainer can recommend a person to focus on a particulararea such as legs or arms if it is discovered that they have reducedor slow performance. The young one gets to prevent futurecomplications such as slow movement that would have developed if theissue had not been discovered at an early stage. Another benefit ofcontact sports is that it increases the ability of children to focus.When playing games such as basketball or netball, one needs toconcentrate on the ball and quickly calculate the best move thatshall lead to their win. The sports also involve teamwork thatrequires one to have their mind on the game or risk the entire teamin losing the match (Shepherd, 2013). Besides, since contact sportsentails several participants, it provides the youth with a chance tosocialize with their peers. This is particularly significant tochildren who lack self-confidence and are unable to form friends. Ithelps them to interact with others while exercising their bodies. Ananalysis of these two benefits reveals that they both contribute tothe physical growth of the youth. However, resistance trainingappears to limit the child from interacting with others as they getto concentrate on workouts. Besides, the program may only beaffordable to particular children who can pay for the gym classes.Contact sport is cheap, and all children, despite their social class,get to enjoy the games freely (Hyman, 2012). Hence, although bothresistance training and contact sports facilitate growth among theyoung population, the latter appears to be more beneficial to them.
Body exercises may be advantageous to the youth, but they also exposethem to potential hazards that may affect their lives. An analysis ofthe resistance training and contact sports indicates that childrenfaces the threat of physical injury that could be severe in somecircumstances. For instance, during the resistance training, one canfall from the stationery bikes or experience accidents such asshoulder dislocation. The young people may be easily becomeoverconfident of their abilities and attempt to show them off byengaging in work-outs meant for the adults when their trainers areunaware. Perhaps, it is essential to understand the differencebetween weight-lifting and strength training because many youthsconfuse the two to be same, which contributes to some of the injuriessuffered. Weight-lifting is an activity that involves lifting heavymaterials from the floor to an extended position or from the groundto the shoulders then to a further area (Shepherd, 2013). On theother hand, strength training refers to a balanced exercise routinethat is aimed at enhancing tissue development in muscles andstructural strength (Haff et al., 2016). The young people can get aconcussion, particularly when they are involved in head-relatedinjuries due to participating in contact sports (O`Brien &Meehan, 2016). The sporting associations have identified some ofthese threats and have developed rules and regulations that theplayers are required to observe (Silva et al., 2016). For instance,during the game, a referee is present to ensure the sport is fairsince emotions tend to rise if a team is losing to their opponentsresulting in careless practices that could harm the players.
Another risk that is associated with resistance training and contactsports is the notion that some of the sporting activities are likelyto make the children active over others. Strength training primarilyconsists of indoor activities that can be performed at home or in thegym as they comprise of free weights, weight machines, resistancebands and own body weight among others (Silva et al., 2016). On theother hand, contact sports involves outdoor games that are performedin the field. One of the reasons for this notion is the belief byparents that resistance training might be insufficient physicalexercises for their children as compared to contact sports thatenable them to run around the field and engage in body exerciseswhile training (Hyman, 2012). Another reason why one contact sportsis one mode of keeping children active than resistance training isthat the outdoor games allow children to play with their peerswithout close monitoring by adults freely. However, resistancetraining requires the assistance of a gym instructor to ensure thechildren perform the proper exercises needed for their age andweight. Determining the most appropriate sport for the young peopleis risky because it is likely to influence their future life byengaging in an active lifestyle even during adulthood, and theiroverall body health. Therefore, parents need to enroll their childrenon the most effective training depending on the needs of theirchildren.
In conclusion, resistance training and contact sports have variousbenefits among children. The young people enhances theirmusculoskeletal strength and their physical health that improvestheir growth and development. They also get to increase their focusand improve their socialization and motor skills. However, thechildren are prone to injury during the games and exercises. Onecould suffer from concussions or sustain serious physical injuries.The analysis indicates that both resistance training and contactsports may have various benefits and potential hazards to the youngpeople. Hence, for those indulging in strength training, having a gyminstructor to monitor the child is significant whereas the childrenengaging in contact sports should properly undergo regular medicalcheck-ups to ensure their safety.
Assunção, A. R., Bottaro, M., Ferreira-Junior, J. B., Izquierdo,M., Cadore, E. L., & Gentil, P. (2016). The Chronic Effects ofLow- and High-Intensity Resistance Training on Muscular Fitness inAdolescents. Plos ONE, 11(8), 1-11.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160650
Haff, G., Triplett, N. T., & National Strength & ConditioningAssociation (U.S.). (2016). Essentials of strength training andconditioning. Champaign, IL.
Hyman, M. (2012). The most expensive game in town: The rising costof youth sports and the toll on today`s families. Boston, Mass:Beacon Press.
O`Brien, M., & Meehan, W. P. (2016). Head and neck injuries inyoung athletes. Cham: Springer.
Shepherd, J. (2013). The Complete Guide to Sports Training.London: Bloomsbury Publishing
Silva, M. J. C., Figueiredo, A. J., Elferink-Gemser, M. T., &Malina, R. M. (2016). Youth sports: Participation, trainability,and readiness.