Christianityreligion originated during the 1st century with Jesus Christ ofNazareth, who was a Jewish prophet and teacher presumed to be theonly Son of God. During the time of Augustus, Jesus would preach tothe masses calling for a purification of the Judaism as the religionthat saves the Israelites and enhances the establishment of thekingdom of God on earth. Jesus preached along a strict code of moral,which emphasized on love, charity, and humility. He would urge hisdisciples and audiences to detach themselves from the sinful worldlyactivities. As a result of his preaching, many followers believedthat every single person would be accountable for his/her activitieson the final judgment day that was only known to God. According toHis teachings, God would promote the righteous with an everlastinglife and condemn the non-righteous to eternal hell (Burgos, 2010).Therefore,this paper offers an overview of the Christian religion, its origin,as well as its pillars.
Christianityis founded on the life of Jesus as it draws major teachings andinspirations from His life, death, and resurrection. Adherents ofChristianity religion are known as Christians. However, Christianityhas several branches with fairly diverse beliefs and doctrines. Thethree major branches of Christianity include Catholicism,Protestantism, as well as Orthodoxy. Each one of these branches hasnumerous subcategories (Burgos, 2010).
TheRoman Catholic is the largest branch of Christianity with over 1.27billion members worldwide. Roman Catholic upholds the notion of thepapal supremacy, and the head of this hierarchy is the Bishop ofRome, known as the pope. Roman Catholic’s doctrines are highlightedin the Nicene Creed. This branch is dominant in the Western part ofthe world because of its sacred tradition and seven sacraments.
Thistype of Christian practice started with the infamous ProtestantReformation. The former adherents turned rivals who believed thatthere were some errors in the Roman Catholic Church orchestrated thismovement. The term Protestantism was conceived from the letter ofprotestation from German Lutheran princes in the year 1529 who wasdenouncing the teachings of Martin Luther as heretical. This branchdraws the majority of its adherents in Germany (Johnson, 2012).
Unlikethe Catholics, Protestant denominations refute the notion of papalsupremacy over the religion’s fraternity. In that sense, theyoppose the Roman Catholic doctrine of the Holy Communion ortransubstantiation. Nonetheless, there exist certain disagreementseven among themselves regarding the existence of Jesus Christ in theEucharist. Various denominations subscribed to Protestantism usuallyemphasize on the existence of the priesthood amongst all believers, abelief in the Bible, and the doctrine of justification by faith aloneas opposed to good works.
OrthodoxChurch forms one of the oldest religious organizations as well as thesecond biggest Christian church across the globe. The Orthodox Churchis hugely developed in the Eastern part of the world. Its doctrinestates that it is the only Holy, Apostolic and Catholic Church passeddown by Christ to the Apostles.
TheEastern Orthodox Church is not an autonomous group. It is perceivedas a cluster of about 13 independent churches. This branch ofChristianity draws most of its adherents from nations, where they arelocated such as Greece and Russia among others. Despite the fact thatthey are united in the interpretation of certain doctrines such as,liturgy, sacraments, and church regulations, each one of themindependently administers its own affairs.
Incontrast to the Catholic tradition, the leader of each OrthodoxChurch is referred as a patriarch or Metropolitan based inConstantinople in Istanbul, Turkey. The leader is perceived as theuniversal or ecumenical patriarch. In that regard, he is the closestbeing comparable to the Pope in the Roman Catholic Church. Apatriarch enjoys a special honor and does not interfere with theoperations of 12 other Orthodox communions. They also have a beliefthat they are the only true Church of Christ with an origin leadingback to the ancient apostles through a firm chain of apostolicsuccession.
Justlike their counterparts, Catholics, and Protestants, the Orthodoxadherents submit to the notion of Trinity, which regards the Bible asan embodiment of the holy word of God, Jesus as the Son and God, andGod, the giver of life and the Supreme Being.
Locationand key pillars
Approachingthe end of the 20th century, Christianity majorly drew huge followersfrom the West, but over time, it has spread through to almost everysingle continent. Currently, it is the most dominant religion in theworld. The Christian faith is hinged on three pillars namely, Onesuperior being who exists as the Father, His Son, Jesus Christ, aswell as the Holy Spirit (Johnson, 2012).
Inconclusion, Christians hold the belief that Jesus was the divine andearthly Messiah who descended from Heaven to liberate the world. Thesacred reference material of Christianity is the Bible, which isdivided into the Old and the New Testament. Christians conduct theirfrequent gatherings in churches for worship, fellowship, and study.
Burgos,J. (2010). Theorigin of Christianity.U.S.A: Xulon Press.
Johnson,P. (2012). Historyof Christianity.New York: Simon and Schuster.