Learningis connoted as an alteration of behavior which takes place as aresult of a particular experience. Essentially, it takes place aftercontinuous reinforcement. Notably, learning is a continuous processsince in everyday life people learn new ideas. This can be eitherthrough operant conditioning, classical conditioning, or sociallearning (Garren & Sexauer, 2013). Typically, operantconditioning is elucidated as the type of learning in whichpunishments or reinforcements are used to minimize or maximize agiven behavior (Weiss &Ruiz, 2014). Classical conditioning is thelearning which takes place as a result of the stimulus obtaining thecapacity of evoking a flexible response that might be originallystimulated by a different stimulus Garren & Sexauer, 2013).Understandably, social learning arises as a result of interactingwith other individuals (Weiss &Ruiz, 2014).Current behaviors ofindividuals therefore are as a result of either classic conditioning,operant or social learning.
Throughmy life experiences, I have come to learn many things. One of my lifeencounters can be traced back to the time when I was in high school.I was one of the students who used to fear to perform an experimentalone. This is because sometimes I would fail in following the rightprocedure and ultimately get the wrong results. My physics teacheralways put all the attention on me since he was fully aware that Ihad weaknesses in performing experiments. As such, I used to fearwhenever he stood to stare at me when carrying out the experiments.Consequently, my heart rate always increased due to the developedfear. This translated even in the classwork activities since I usedto fear, especially when I knew, that it was time for the Physicslesson. The experience continued for a long time until my performancein the subject deteriorated. For this reason, the professor suggestedthat the whole class should be performing experiments in groups. As aresult, the strategy deployed by my teacher played a salient role inmy life since it helped me to avoid phobia. I no longer feared theteacher.
Aswas illustrated earlier, classical conditioning takes place when onelearns to associate two stimuli which are different. Notably,behavior is not involved in classical conditioning. The firstencountered stimulus is depicted as unconditioned stimulus (Garren &Sexauer, 2013). The stimulus produces a response without any priorlearning. Owing to my experience illustrated above, it is vivid tonote that classical conditioning learning took place (Garren &Sexauer, 2013). Whenever I was performing an experiment while myteacher was supervising me, I would develop a sense of fear. Theunconditioned stimulus, in this case, is fear while the increasedheart rate is the conditioned stimulus.
Inthe light of the above discussion, it is evident to depict thatbehaviors of individuals come as a result of learning. People canlearn new behaviors through observation. In addition, reinforcementscan also aid individuals in assimilating conducts. Learning can alsoevolve as a result of a stimulus which obtains the potential to evokea flexible response.
Garren,M. V., Sexauer, S. B., & Page, T. L (2013) Effect of CircadianPhase on Memory Acquisition and Recall: Operant Conditioning vs.. Plos ONE, 8(3), 1-8.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058693
Weiss,S. J., & Rosales-Ruiz, J (2014) Introduction to the Special Issueon Operant/: Comparisons, Intersections andInteractions. International Journal Of ComparativePsychology, 27(4), 515-525