TheIliad is an ancient Greek poem, sometimes referred to as the Song ofIlion, which was attributed to the Homer by tradition(Mueller,2013). The song was set at a particular time in history when acoalition of Greek States besieged the city of Troy for over tenyears in a war that is known as the Trojan War. Since the Iliad hashad to be categorized as a classical literature, the readers would berequired to go through such well-arranged artistry to learn thebasics and other advanced formats and presentation of research. Giventhe stated, this paper seeks to present a reviewed bit of theclassic, an attempt that may seem tricky and unlikely considering thepresumed perfectness with which the poem had been submitted andregarded. In this respect, the audience will also be able to interactwith a text that has been derived from the reading and understandingof the great works of the renowned Greek. Indeed, there cannot be anywork in the literary world that can be said to perfect in itsentirety, a fact that this presentation concurs with hence, anattempt to appreciate and comment on the song of Ilion.


Itis understood that the poem was put together at a point when theTrojan War was just about to end and that its beautiful narrationsrelied greatly on history that was passed from generations to youngermembers of the entire Greece and beyond(Mueller,2013). In fact, the poem has made a commendable attempt by mentioningthe grand and majestic characters and revered legends who playedunmatched roles in inspiring people to avail themselves for thechallenge presented by the adversaries. In the song, the stories aretraced and depicted meticulously, which will work to enrich theliterature art for generations to come. For instance, the mentioningof the battles and events during the weeks of squabbles between RulerAgamemnon and the ruthless warrior called Achilles is a typicalexhibition of interest in expressed historical literature. Thedisagreement arose majorly out of a misunderstanding as to whether toreturn a captive, Chryseis, the girl they had captured, to her fatherwho was known and respected priest of ApolloChryses. In the ensuingaltercations, King Agamemnon threatens and indeed attempts to havethe young girl ransomed to her father purposely to gain from theordeal. Consequently, Chryses, the girl’s father, and the entireApollo were annoyed to the extent that he had to pronounce a pandemicupon the girl’s captors an act which led to plaguing of the wholelot. The episodes bring Achilles the son of Thetis into focus, aGreek war warrior who had been immortalized by the mother while ayoung boy. Achilles participated in the Trojan War vehemently, but,even with all that cause for trouble and tension, the art remembersthat he stood out to be a handsome and well-abled man whose valor wasunequaled. As a result of his personal attributes, Achilles wastasked with the duty of causing the Agamemnon so that Apollo would beappeased. The target, in this act, was to occasion a sense ofgood-heartedness, which make Apollo pleased and lifted the plaguesthat were proving to be costly to deal with by the Greeks.

WhenAgamemnon, the son of King Atreus of Mycenae, finally, butreluctantly, gives the nod to the idea of releasing the lovelyChryseis, he goes ahead to do the unthinkable. The King Atreus’sson finds solace in considering taking in the Briseis, the womanAchilles had prided himself as his prize for active and relentlessparticipation in the war. Achilles on his part, having beenoverwhelmed by the thinking of being despised and dishonored by theperson he considered not his equal in any aspect imaginable, Achillesfuriously pull out both himself and his entire Myrmidon combatantsfrom the Trojan War. Given his adored reputation, role and worthinessat times of war, the whole Greek world felt wrong and accumulatedinformed fury towards the act of snatching the concubine fromAchilles by one Agamemnon. When Agamemnon sensed the feeling of theGreek which was of unsettling nature given the intensity with whichthe compatriots expressed their displeasure towards his actions, hetried to call for a truce an act that was rejected by the likes ofOdysseus who encouraged the continuation of the war. A brief trucewas realized, it is at such moments when old adversaries, knownrivals met, and the battle renews when a goddess, Athena, who wasseen to be favoring the Greek, caused to an end the Trojan truce. Allthrough the struggles of war, the gods continued with the superioritypostures amongst themselves, withdrawn to self-imposition on whomamong them would stand to be counted as the most influential in theirintervention despite Zeus’ advice to the contrary(Mueller,2013).

Achilles,the war hero, however blatantly refuse to give into to the demandsand request by the people he considered betrayers of the course, whopersistently pestered him to come and aid them in the battlefield,including Agamemnon’s unprompted offer to return to him his prize,Briseis. Instead, attacks and raids intensified, with Diomedes andOdysseus getting their ways into the Trojan camp where theymercilessly wreak havoc. The situation was worsened because thebattle gurus like Achilles and his warriors were out of encounters.As such, the tide appeared to turn towards the Trojans favorably(Mueller,2013). Consequently, chances of victimization increased by every stepin the war as was evidenced when Agamemnon was wounded. Despite theheroics of Ajax the Great, the descendant of Zeus, Hector, and theTroy Prince, successfully penetrated the fortified Greek camp therebycausing wounds to the victims along their way and issuing threats toset the whole place on fire. The unfolding episodes were so chaoticand embarrassed such that the inner feelings of allegiance and lovefor the people compelled Achilles to order his new found friend,Patroclus, to dress in his robes so as to lead the troops into thefield. The dressing was meant to confuse and intimidate the enemiesinto submission. Fortunately, the disguise worked, and Patroclusfollowed the retreating Trojans all the way up to the walls of Troy,having forgotten Achilles warning and instead of getting absorbed ina rare episode of success. Interestingly, it took the deeds of Apolloto rescue the subdued enemies since the push came close to thecapture and occupation of the enemies` city. The fight once moreintensified, and Patroclus was discovered to be a clown, a fact thatrather energized the Trojans to fight back and in the end, Patrocluswas killed through Apollo`s help. Distressed with the death of hiscomrades, Achilles takes a step to reconcile with Agamemnon, re-joinsthe fight despite the real odds and drives all the Trojans away inhis ferocity. As the ten-year fray climaxes, even the gods join inthe battle, and the earth shakes with the commotion of the contest.To appease his ego, Achilles embarks on a mission to revenge for thekilling of his friend Patroclus, wherein just one single combat, hekilled Hector and defiled his corpse for many days. While stillkeeping the dead body, Achilles allowed the body of Patroclus to beburied in honor. Therefore, King Priam, Hector’s father, havingbeen emboldened by his remorse and assistance by Hermes, recovers theson’s body from Achilles and proceeds with the funeral arrangementsthat were followed by a twelve-day truce as was granted by Achilles.


Thepoem is attributed to the Homer, yet there are clear indication andconfession on the historical records which may have gathered the dataand information about the fall of the Trojan. It, therefore, appearsto be a mismatch in the manner the story is passed and thesignificant mismatch associated with its captions. The real timelapses between the date of war and when the Homer performed, hisrecordings did not tally, thereby casting aspersions on the validityof the art as availed to readers. Besides, the composition of theIlliad is not tested to be entirely true, as the records might havebeen missing by the time of writing the poems(Mueller,2013).

Furthermore,the immortal gods are depicted in the story as having participated inthe battle. On the other hand, gods are known to be spiritual andpsychological hence representing a platform for debate as not allpeople will view the existence and importance of spiritualism thesame way. Also, the central theme of the poem has been known to bethat of war and consequently peace. In contrast, the art has onlyportrayed a scenario marred entirely with war and betrayals. Thediscrepancy betrays the otherwise an excellent arrangement of poetry.


Thepoem is indeed a classic masterpiece with minimal shortcomings sincenothing can be argued to be perfect. Students of literature andhistory will indeed stand to benefit from reading such well-arrangedand rich writings in their endeavor either to retain the stories orto learn with an intention to doing better collections.


Mueller,M. (2013). The Iliad. A&ampC Black.