College Resident Hall and or Dormitory Fires

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CollegeResident Hall and or Dormitory Fires

Alipour-fard,M. How to protect people and property, prevent fire, and manage fireimpact on college campuses. SFPE.2016. Web. 29 October 2016.

Thepurpose of the article is to address the issue of the high prevalenceof fire incidents in college residential houses compared to otherfacilities. Alipour-fard presents a unique perspective on the issueof fire incidents in the residential facilities in colleges. Theauthors argue that physical facilities that are made with bricks willcontinue being useful to institutions of higher learning, in spite ofthe increase in the popularity of the concept of online learning.Therefore, colleges have no alternative, other than developingeffective policies that will offer long-term solutions to the issueof fire outbreaks in college residential areas. The authors relied ona review of literature and an expert opinion to pursue the purpose ofthe article. Although the inclusion of the expert’s opinionincreased the risk of bias, the review of credible article enhancedthe credibility of the article. This is confirmed by the fact thatsome arguments are supported by empirical data. The article makes asignificant contribution to the existing body of knowledge by showingthat over 80 % of the fire incidents result from poor judgment thatcan be attributed to alcoholism and the lack of automatic firesprinklers. The article will be used to support the notion thatcolleges should develop policies that lead to adequate supervision ofthe residential facilities where students stay.

Armbrust,C., Grant, P. and May, C. “An examination of fire safety perceptionand behaviors among students at a Regional Midwest University”.InternationalFire Service Journal of Leadership and Management6 (2011): 33-41.

Thepurpose of the article is to investigate whether the college studentsare more likely to engage in behaviors that make them victims of fireincidents compared to the general population. The three authorssupport an argument that most of the college students are at adevelopmental stage in which they acquire attitudes and behaviorsthat make them perceive the accidents in a different way compared tothe general public. They used a survey research method to study theperceptions held by students about the fire incidents. Although thesurvey method is relatively simple to administer, some respondentsmay not be willing to provide answers that subject them tounfavorable situations. However, the sample size of 223 undergraduatecollege students was sufficient to obtain reliable data. The authorsidentified that certain risky behaviors (such as alcoholism) amongstudents increase the risk of fire accidents. The article makes asignificant contribution to the field of study by showing thatadequate training can help collect students avoid being the victimsof fire accidents. It is a useful source that will be used to advancean argument that the policies developed by colleges should takeaccount of behaviors and attitudes that differentiate the perceptionsheld by students from the general public.

Clare,J., Garis, L., Pleca, D. and Jennings, C. Reduced frequency andseverity of residential fires following delivery of fire preventioneducation by on-duty firefighters: Cluster randomized controlledstudy. Journalof Safety Research43 (2012): 123-128.

Theaim of the article is to discuss the effectiveness of differentintervention measures in reducing the risk of fire incidents andmanaging those that take place before they cause severe damage. Theauthors advance an argument that taking the educational programs toplaces where residents stay can be an effective measure forincreasing the level of awareness and creating an interest inlearning more about the prevention measures. The authors hold thatcivic education can go a long way in addressing the issue of a highprevalence of fire incidents in the residential facilities, but theyshould be delivered by experts in the field of firefighting and betaken to where most of the target people live. The authors pursuedthe purpose of their article by conducting a survey of over 18,473dwellings. The use of the survey allowed the researchers to collectdata from a large sample, which increased the chances of getting theviews of the majority of the members of the target population. Thecontent of the article is credible and it will be used to argue thatthe educational programs that seek to enhance the students`understanding of the safety standards and policies should bedelivered by experts and be offered within the residential places inorder to attract more learners. The educational programs are moreeffective when delivered by experts because students are likely tobelieve in them compared to when the same programs are offered bycollect teachers.

Comeau,E. Two students die in off-campus fire. Firewatch.2012. Web. 29 October 2016.

Thearticle addresses the fire incident that occurred on February 2012 inSouth Illinois University, killing about 22 students. Comeau uses thefire incidents to argue that the stakeholders in the field of highereducation need to start documenting these events in order to create aplatform in which the trends, causes, and effects can be studied withease. Although many fire incidents in college residential facilitiesare attributed to the misconducts, lack of awareness, and riskybehaviors, Comeau identifies that there are numerous accidents thatare caused by factors that are not related to the learners’behavior of attitude. This assertion is confirmed by the fact thatsome fire accidents occur when students are away from their dorms.The authors used the expert’s opinion to support some ideas, whichsuggests that the content could contain some subjective arguments.However, most of the ideas are based on the analysis of real fireincidents that were reported by credible organizations. Therefore,Comeau’s article is credible and it will be used to support theidea that the installation of fire fighting equipments (such asautomatic sprinklers) can address the issue of fire outbreak incollege residential facilities. The content of the article will beused to advance an argument that early preparedness can minimize theimpacts of dorm fires. Early preparedness can be done in terms of thedevelopment of suitable policies that focus on the long-termprotection of college dorms.

FEMA.Campusfire fatalities in residential buildings (2000-2005).Washington, DC: The U.S. Fire Administration, 2015. Print.

Thepurpose of FEMA’s article is to discuss the major causes ofunnecessary deaths that result from fires that affect college dormsand off-campus residential houses. FEMA argues that the lack ofautomatic fire sprinklers in college dorms is the primary cause ofdeaths that result from fire accidents. The authors did aquantitative study that involved the analysis of over fatal fireincidents that took place between the year 2000 and 2015. Theapplication of a quantitative methodology is preferred because itdoes not require strict design plans at before the actual research isstarted. However, the application of quantitative designs requiresextensive involvement of researchers, which increase the risk ofsubjectivity. However, the content of FEMA’s article is reliableand it makes a significant contribution in enhancing the readers`understanding of the causes of fire-related deaths in campusresidential houses. For examples, the authors managed to identifythat over 70 % of the fatalities occur on Friday and Saturdays whenmost of the students are drunk. This data is crucial because itindicates a positive association between the risk of occurrence offire in college dorms and behavior of individual students. Thecontent of the article will be used to support the idea that policiesthat are formulated with the objective of containing the issue offires in colleges should address the multiple factors, including thelearners’ behavior and the availability of the firefightinginfrastructure. The article will also be used to explain howeffective policies help colleges to become proactive when addressingthe issue of dorm fires.

Johnson,D. Causes of campus and off-campus housing fires. WellsMedia Group.1 August. 2012. Web. 29 October 2016.

Theaim of this article is to provide a discussion of different causes offire in the college residential places, with the objective ofinforming the process of developing policies in schools. The authorsof the article present an argument that most of the fire accidentsthat take place the dormitory and residential houses that areinhabited by college students result from the lack of adequateknowledge about the methods of preventing accidents and enhancing thelevel of safety in these areas. The author relied on the data sourcesprovided by a reliable institutions (including the Center for CampusFire Safety, Campus-Firewatch, and the U.S. Fire Administration) toadvance the argument and make conclusions. These sources of dataenhanced the level of reliability of the article. The authorsidentified that risky behaviors, especially alcoholism, result in thefire incidents and related deaths. Failure to comply with the safetystandards and procedures among the students is also a major riskfactor for the fire outbreaks in the college residential areas. Forexample, 35 out of the 79 fire incidents that were considered in thearticle resulted from prohibited practices, such as smoking andcooking in the dormitory. It is a useful source that will be used toargue that the safety policies developed by colleges should include aclause that mandate institutions to train their students in order tofill the knowledge gap.

Kim,C. Stony brook dorm fire leaves dozens of students displaced. EyeWitness News.22 November. 2015. Web. 29 October 2016.

Kimdiscusses the fire incident that affected dorm at Stony BrookUniversity. The incident occurred on Saturday evening, when most ofthe students are suspected to be drunk or engaging in socialactivities. The main issue addressed in the article is the impact ofthe dorm fires on the lives of students. The fire that affected StonyBrook displaced hundreds of students from their usual residentialplace. This suggests that fires disrupt the normal learning and livesof students. Some aspects of the article are based on the opinion ofthe author while others are retrieved from the reports of the actualfire incident. The article is a credible source that will be used todiscuss the impact of the dorm fires on students.

Meng,D., Yao, H., Cui, T. and Sun, Y. “Survey and countermeasurediscussion of college students’ campus fire safety”. ProcediaEngineering135 (2016): 25-28.

Theaim of the article is to offer a discussion on the level of safetyskills among the college students. The authors advance an argumentthat fire incidents are more prevalent in the college dormitoriescompared to other buildings, but institutions of higher learning havenot done enough to enhance the level of skills among students. Theauthors argue that over 62 % of the college students have nevertouched and cannot use simple fire fighting equipments, which is anindication of the low level of awareness and safety skills. Theyaccomplished the purpose of their article using the survey researchmethod. This method is preferred because it is simple and it providescredible results. However, there is a high risk of collecting uncleardata since respondents understand the survey questions differently.However, the content of the article is reliable, given that it isbased on an empirical study that was conducted by a team of expertsfrom Zhengzhou University. Part of the contribution that the findingsreported in the article makes to the existing body of knowledge is arevelation that the safety measures that enhance collaboration amongteachers, non-reaching staff, and students can increase the level ofawareness. This article is a useful source that will be used toadvance the idea that colleges should a step further and include allstakeholders in the development as well as the implementation of theprograms that seeks to increase awareness about college dorm fires.

NationalFire Protection Association. Campus dorm fires. NationalFire Protection Association.2016. Web. 29 October 2016.

Theaim of this article is to address different trends in relation to theissue of campus fires that affect the dorms. The authors of thisarticle argue that students are expected to assume moreresponsibilities when they leave their homes to go and live incollect dorms. A failure on the part of the students to learn newresponsibilities increases the chances that they will engage inbehaviors that lead to fire accidents. The reliability of the contentof the article can be attributed to the fact that it was published bya credible organization that specialize in the management of fireaccidents. In addition, the authors supported their arguments usingup-to-date statistics. For example, they identified that about 76 outof every 89 cases of fire accidents occur in off-campus residentialbuilding where students live. The content of the article will be usedto argue that off-campus residential buildings are at a higher riskof catching fire than those that are constructed within the college.Therefore, colleges that rent residential houses for their studentsoutside the campus should develop similar safety measures to dormsthat are located within the college.

Spors,K. 6 reasons dorm room catches on fire-and how to prevent them. TheHartford.19 October. 2015. Web. 29 October 2016.

Theaim of Spors’ article is to discuss about six factors cause firesin college dorms. Spors estimates that about 1,700 fire accidentsaffect college dorms every year. The fact that college studentscohabit in hundreds or thousands make the dorm fires worse than thosethat affect ordinary buildings. A fire outbreak in a collegeresidential facility puts the life of between hundreds and thousandsof students at risk. According to Spors, most of the fire accidentsin college dorms are caused candles, smoking, cooking, the lack ofextinguishers, and alarms. The article is based on the opinion of theauthor, which suggests that there is a probability that somearguments could be subjective. However, it provides usefulinformation about the major factors that increase the risk of fireoutbreaks that affect college dorms.

Workscited

Alipour-fard,M. How to protect people and property, prevent fire, and manage fireimpact on college campuses. SFPE.2016. Web. 29 October 2016.

Armbrust,C., Grant, P. and May, C. “An examination of fire safety perceptionand behaviors among students at a Regional Midwest University”.InternationalFire Service Journal of Leadership and Management6 (2011): 33-41. Print.

Clare,J., Garis, L., Pleca, D. and Jennings, C. Reduced frequency andseverity of residential fires following delivery of fire preventioneducation by on-duty fire fighters: Cluster randomized controlledstudy. Journalof Safety Research43 (2012): 123-128. Print.

Comeau,E. Two students die in off-campus fire. Firewatch.2012. Web. 29 October 2016.

FEMA.Campusfire fatalities in residential buildings (2000-2005).Washington, DC: The U.S. Fire Administration, 2015. Print.

Johnson,D. Causes of campus and off-campus housing fires. WellsMedia Group.1 August. 2012. Web. 29 October 2016.

Kim,C. Stony brook dorms fire leaves dozens of students displaced. EyeWitness News.22 November. 2015. Web. 29 October 2016.

Meng,D., Yao, H., Cui, T. and Sun, Y. “Survey and countermeasurediscussion of college students’ campus fire safety”. ProcediaEngineering135 (2016): 25-28. Print.

NationalFire Protection Association. Campus dorm fires. NationalFire Protection Association.2016. Web. 29 October 2016.

Spors,K. 6 reasons dorm room catch on fire-and how to prevent them. TheHartford.19 October. 2015. Web. 29 October 2016.