Conditioningand Behavior Modification.
Conditioningand Behavior Modification.
Accordingto Martin& Pear(2015), behavior modification is a treatment method in which theundesired behaviors are replaced with desired ones through negativeor positive reinforcement based on the operant conditioningprinciples. The modification relies on the conditioning concept.Conditioning is a form of learning and it occurs in two ways operantconditioning and classical conditioning. Classical conditioningdepends on a specific signal or stimulus. Operant conditioninginvolves the use of rewards or punishments to modify behavior.Behavioral modification has been widely used in treating manyconditions in both adults and children. Can the use of punishmenthelp in making students to be obedient? This paper seeks to find outif the use of punishment can help to change undesirable traits ofstudents making them to be good.
Theseare the characters that do not depend on the environment or otherfactors (Martin& Pear,2015). For instance, in this study on the effect of punishment onstudents’ obedience, the independent variables may be the student’sbackground or genetic inheritance. Some students may be geneticallynotorious having obtained the traits from their parents. Others maybe due to some mental conditions which make them to behave rudely andbe disobedient.
Inthis study, this can be manipulated through negative reinforcements.Students can be subjected to punishments if they do what is notrequired of them regardless of where they obtain the traits from.Through the use of punishment, the students will be able to changetheir behavior.
Theseare the traits that depend on the environment (Martin& Pear,2015). In this study, dependent traits may be students who are rudeor notorious due to bad company or due to use of drugs. The studentsmay not be naturally rude but through the influence of others, theymay obtain the bad traits.
Onecan measure if the disobedience in students is resulting from badcompany or substance use through the observation of their behaviorfor a particular period of time. For instance, the student’s recordcan be observed from the time they joined school up to a certaintime. If the behavior is seen to change at a particular point intime, then a research can be done to determine what exactly happenedfrom that time and which resulted to the behavioral change.
Thisresearch can be carried out among a group of students. When carryingout the study, it is important to choose the students who aredisobedient and those who are well known for indiscipline cases. Thiswill help to easily monitor them when applying the punishment to seeif there will be a change.
Thereare two control groups that can be used. First, there are theobedient students who do not receive the punishments. These can beobserved against those who receive the punishment. They can beobserved if their traits will be the same after the punishment isapplied to the disobedient ones. Second is the group of children whoare not punished. These could be street children or any otherdisobedient children who are not punished. These will help to know ifpunishment can cause a behavioral change.
Theparticipants for the study will be the students, teachers andparents. For a student to change behavior, both the teachers andparents should play a role. The punishment should not be only inschool but also at home. This will help to make the student to beobedient both at home and in school.
Theywill be sampled from the group of students chosen. Once thedisobedient students are identified, the teachers they mostlyinteract with such as the class teachers and subject teachers will besampled. The parents or guardians of these children will also besampled.
Whilecarrying out the study, it is important to observe factors like fearand oppression of the student. Some students may appear disobedientdue to the fear of others or because of bullying. They may be forcedto do the wrong things by others who they find more scaring(Cangelosi,2013).
Thiscan be controlled by interviewing the students to know if there areany external forces driving them to indiscipline. They should be madeto feel free to express any fears that they could be having.
Ifcarried out effectively, use of punishment can make the students tobe more obedient. Students fear to be punished and if the punishmentis well applied, it can shape them to be good people. The punishmentshould also be applied carefully to ensure that it does not cause alot of fear among them. They should be made to see the reasons whythey are being punished to help them know what they should obey.
Cangelosi,J. S. (2013). Classroommanagement strategies: Gaining and maintaining students` cooperation.John Wiley & Sons.
Martin,G., & Pear, J. J. (2015). Behaviormodification: What it is and how to do it.Psychology Press.