CURRENT AIR CARGO SECURITY REGULATIONS 1
CurrentAir Cargo Security Regulations
CurrentSecurity Regulations for Air Cargo Operations
Theair cargo operations have a variety of regulations that aim atenhancing the efficiency of the security. In this case, the need fora regulatory outline for air freight is significant, as itexperiences challenges now and then. The three most importantsecurity regulations are security supply chain, risk valuation orassessment and security delivery standards.
Itis the least important security controls in the air cargo industryit promotes and enhances the governance and control of principlesthat secure cargo upstream. Similarly, the regulation preventsillegal interference with freight until the target or destination isreached. As security is a critical element of air cargo supply,controllers are working together to secure the supply chain furtherwhile safeguarding the flow of business. Notably, the cargo programthat governs this security has tools such as the freight program thatregulates the cargo industry and the standard manual frameworks thatoffer the opportunity of agreement (Reinholdet al, 2013).
Onthe other hand, regulation of supply chain security is the standardadvance cargo information that focuses on aiding processing andclearance of cargo. Therefore, it has become the main initiative ofthe air cargo industry (Kazdaet al, 2015).Provision of an audit trail on the way, when and at what time cargois to be secured and delivered along the supply is also another toolfor regulation.
Itprovides regulators with a review system and its objectives are tomeet the security operations and methods of screening. The worldwideprograms have simplified the exchange and deleverance of importantsafety records along the sequence this enables the cargo industry toincorporate regular information for regulated supervisors toestablish their assessment in a consistent way.Thesecurity consignment standards usually operate with documented draftseither the air waybill or an affirmation that permit agreement withrequired security data and information, accepting regulatorsinternationally (Dominingues et al, 2014).
Potentialhazards associated with air cargo such as development andintroduction of explosive and incendiary devices, cargo crime whichinclude theft and smuggling have been regulated. Additionally,shipment of undeclared or undetected dangerous materials has beenwarned because aircraft cargo is a potential target for terrorism.
Thecall for appropriate legislation and physical screening of air cargo,where measures have been provided with systematic inspections andfreight assessment systems to evaluate cargo risk and targetshipments is another initiative. Notably, identification ofvulnerabilities in the air cargo system such as hijacking or sabotageof aircraft has helped in risk evaluation management. On the otherhand, operational initiatives such as risk assessment may includeproposals to impose mandatory advance cargo information, training forcargo workers and expanding the use of authorized economic operator(Bichouet al, 2013).
Thesecurity regulations tend to neglect the area of terrorismactivities, which threatens the security of passengers regardless ofother security measures in place. Notably, increasing the number ofattacks targeting airports rather than aircraft is another trend inthe air cargo industry where attacks against airports are plannedusing some tactics such as firearms, car bombs and suicide bombers.The possible strategies to improve the situation include
Proceduralinitiatives such as increased cargo inspection have incorporatedtechnology to improve air cargo security, for instance,tamper-evident packing, explosive detection systems and other cargoscreening techniques. Similarly, pilot programs for evaluating thedevelopment of blast-resistant cargo containers and deployment ofenhanced air cargo security measures at air cargo operation areas isalso a key strategy. On the other hand, timely collection andexploitation of intelligence this is the effective way ofinterdicting terrorism threats in that terrorism leadership isdisrupted.
Securitysupervisors must increase their cooperation with the airline industryabout the improvement of risk moderation strategies as well as thepractical constraints on proposed security measures. Additionally,giving financial aid for airlines that are trying to develop securityfor their overseas processes is necessary this may includesponsoring circumstantial checks on air cargo globally(Mishulovich et al, 2014).
Thepurpose of air cargo regulations is to establish a framework tosafeguard civil aviation and maintaining its security. Similarly,standard and approval practices aiming at preventing and controllingair cargo activities should ensure passenger freight and operationsthat are accepted or required by the appropriate authorities orsecurity checks.
Conclusively,as a large number of people pass through airports on a daily basis,it presents potential targets for terrorism and other forms ofcrimes. Air security regulations have attempted to prevent anythreats or potentially dangerous situations and illegal itemsentering in airlines. Additionally, air cargo security regulationserves the purpose of reassuring safety and protection in theaviation industry. The sensitive areas that security regulations arenecessary are airport ramps and operational spaces as this fieldrequire special qualifications of entering.
Mishulovich,E., & Giovanniello, A. (2014). Regulations and Security inInternational Air Cargo. TheAir and Space airlines, 26(4),1.
Reinhold,A., Kuhlmann, A., Becker, A., & Phleps, P. (2013). FutureDevelopments Regarding the Air Cargo Market-A Scenario-BasedAnalysis.Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft-und Raumfahrt-Lilienthal-Oberth eV.
Bichou,K., Bell, M., & Evans, A. (2013). Riskmanagement operations, logistics, and supply chain security.CRC Press.
Kazda,A., & Caves, R. E. (Eds.). (2015). Airportdesign and operation.Emerald Group Publishing.
DominguesS., Macário, R., and Pauwels, Van de Voorde, E., Vanelslander, T., &Vieira, J. (2014). An assessment of the Security Regulation ofAircraft cargo regulation in Europe: A Belgian case study. Journalof Air Transport Management.