Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Outline

Differencesbetween Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes


  1. Type 1 diabetes

  1. Type 1 diabetes can transpire at any age and frequently seen from infancy to the late 30s.

  2. This type involves the body making little or no insulin because of an overactive immune system.

  1. Type 2 Diabetes

  1. This type is known to be the most common and affects individuals over 40 and above and 25 for those from the South Asia descent.

  2. It involves patients not producing sufficient insulin or the body stopping the insulin it generates from functioning right.


  1. Type 1 diabetes symptoms

  1. When blood sugar increases, one will experience hunger, thirst, weight loss, fatigue, frequent urination, and numbness in the feet.

  2. High blood sugar also causes nausea, rapid breathing, and fruity breath

  1. Type 2 diabetes symptoms

  1. Symptoms usually remain hidden for a very long time

  2. Early symptoms encompass blurred vision, fatigue, and frequent infections among others.


  1. Type 1 cannot be avoided, but several cases of type 2 can be prevented or delayed by Taking a healthy diet and doing regular exercises


  1. Treatment of type 1 diabetes

  1. Taking insulin injections regularly, which may involve more than a single injection per day

  1. Treatment of type 2 diabetes

  1. Insulin injections for the advanced stage type 2 diabetes


  1. Restate the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

  1. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are different based on their causes and treatment

  2. They also affect people of different age groups

  1. Restate the ways of avoiding type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Differencesbetween Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetesmellitus is regarded as a chronic illness that causes major mortalityas well as morbidity. Clinically, the patients with this disease areconveniently classified as having either type 1 or 2 diabetesmellitus. The method to classifying diabetes into two is based on theunderlying pathophysiology and not treatment given that most of thepatients with type 2 diabetes eventually need insulin (Goldstein andMueller-Wieland 27).

Severalauthors have outlined the differences between types 1 and 2 diabetescovering areas such as symptoms, treatment as well as how to avoidthem (Joshi 22). Type 1 diabetes transpires when the body haltsmanufacturing insulin. The defense system of the body attacks and inturn destroys the insulin-producing cells located in the pancreas.This type occurs at any age and frequent from infancy to around theage of 30. Type 2 diabetes is common among individuals aged 40 andabove and occurs when the insulin produced by the body is inadequatefor proper metabolism. The treatment of type 1 diabetes involvestaking insulin injections regularly as well as a good and balanceddiet. A type 2 diabetes treatment involves taking healthy foods andinsulin injections at advanced stages.

Thereare a number of challenges that patients with diabetes undergoincluding taking a balanced diet and regular exercises. Studiesindicate that diagnosing type 1 diabetes at an early age is integralfor the management of the challenges and the illness itself (Perssonet al. 180). The American Diabetes Association indicates that whiletype 1 diabetes is irreversible and cannot be prevented or cured byhealthy diet and extensive physical exercise, type 2 can be delayed.Eating healthy, losing weight and doing exercises have been outlinedas some of the ways to avoid type 2 diabetes.

Inconclusion, this paper reviewed the difference between type 1 and 2diabetes. The discussion described the differences in terms ofsymptoms, treatment, as well as management or the way to avoid them.It is suggested that healthy eating habits and exercises are integralto controlling type 2 diabetes.


AmericanDiabetes Association. PreventingType 2 in Children.American Diabetes Association, 2016.Web. 12 Nov. 2016.

Goldstein,Barry and Dirk Mueller-Wieland.Type2 Diabetes: Principles and Practice, Second Edition. U.S.A:CRC Press, 2016. Print.

Joshi,Manik. BloodSugar Self-management: Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.U.S.A: Manik Joshi, 2015. Print.

Persson,Staffan., Gerdtham, U.G., and Steen Carlsson. Labor MarketConsequences of Childhood Onset Type 1 Diabetes. Economicand Human Biology,23 (2016): 180-192.