Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange

Disordersof Ventilation and Gas Exchange


Disordersof Ventilation and Gas Exchange

Humanlung is an organ which is vital to body functioning such that simplecomplications can lead to its malfunctioning. Whenever the lungs areaffected by a disease, the heart also develops complications meaningthat the two organs are intricately related. Ventilation and gasexchange disorders in the lungs are manifested by symptoms such asshortness of breath, chest pain during inhaling as well as coughingup blood. The condition associated with such symptoms is known aspulmonary embolism which if not medically managed can escalate in apulmonary heart disease, cor pulmonate. This paper expounds onpulmonary embolisms and cor pulmonate.

Substancestraveling from other parts of the body through the bloodstream cancause a blockage of an artery in the lungs leading to the pulmonaryembolism (PE) condition (Budnevsky &amp Malysh, 2016). Usually, PEis as a result of a blood clot in the leg which travels to the lung(Shieh &amp Gilman, 2016). Consequently, pulmonary circulation whichinvolves the transportation of oxygenated blood from the lungs to theheart and deoxygenated blood from the heart back to the lungs isaffected. This situation results in cor-pulmonate which is thefailure of the heart`s right ventricle due to high blood pressure inthe lungs (Gayani etal.,2014).

Itis important for clinicians to understand the cause of theseconditions to mitigate their effects as they handle patients sinceone condition gives rise to the other. Blood clots in the legs shouldbe diagnosed in advance so as to prevent them from traveling to thelungs to cause a pulmonary blockage. It is advisable that peopleshould be proactive in seeking early diagnoses which prevent PE andcor pulmonate conditions.


Gayani,G., Muhunthan, S., Perera, A., Bodinayake, C., &amp Mohideen, M.(2014). Pulmonary alveolar micro-lithiasis complicated by corpulmonate. JournalOf The Ceylon College Of Physicians,44(–2).http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/jccp.v44i1-2.7691

Shieh,B. &amp Gilman, S. (2016). Pulmonary Endarterectomy for SubmassiveSeptic Pulmonary Embolism. Chest,150(4),1223A. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2016.08.1332

Budnevsky,A. &amp Malysh, E. (2016). CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE AS RISKFACTOR FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS. Kardiovask.Ter. Profil.,15(3),69-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.15829/1728-8800-2016-3-69-73