Diversity,Multiculturalism, and Globalization Paper
Thispaper seeks to discuss the characteristics of diversity and theimpacts of multiculturalism on globalization. Diversity involvesacknowledging and respecting other people’s differences such assexual orientation, race, age and religious beliefs among others.Multiculturalism refers to the co-existence between differentcultures such as distinct religious, racial or cultural groups.Multiculturalism is depicted through cultural assumptions,communicative styles, customary behaviors and patterns of thinking.Globalization involves integration and interaction of governments,people or companies of different countries around the world in theinternational community. Globalization has been facilitated bytechnological advancement that has created interconnection which inturn has enhanced transfer of goods, services and capital acrossnational borders (Bauböck& Scholten, 2016).
Thefour major features of diversity that are widely recognized includegender, age, ethnicity and education. The increasing oldercomposition in workforce has compelled most organizations to makeadjustments by learning how to handle older workers. The number ofemployees under the age of 35 years is declining while those above 35years is increasing. The decline of younger workers has beenfacilitated by factors such as reduced birthrate. The increasingpopulation of older workers is contributed by improved health andmedical care that causes them to live healthier and more productivelives. Therefore, the increasing aging workforce has promptedorganizations to learn how to listen to their older employees,appreciate their expertise and experience they offer, and determinethe way their needs are different those of the younger workers(Meyers& Vallas, 2016).
Gendercomposition is also changing in the workforce where women areincreasingly entering the workforce. Currently, women make up toabout half of the workforce thereby creating diversity in theworkforce that require organizations to make changes in theirpolicies and practices to accommodate women. For instance, womenshould be given equal pay and opportunity such as receivingpromotions to top management positions in the organization (Meyers& Vallas, 2016).
Thediverse ethnic composition within the workforce has resulted togreater diversity in organizations. Therefore, the increasing changesin ethnic composition require organizations to make changes in theirpolicies and practices in order to deal effectively with racial mixin the workforce (Meyers& Vallas, 2016).
Thedifferences in education or basic knowledge among new entrants andexisting employees have resulted to diversity in workforce. Theincreased technology in the workforce has necessitated skills foremployees to make them remain competitive. Therefore, organizationsneed to educate and train their employees continuously to upgradetheir knowledge and enhance their competence in workforce (Meyers& Vallas, 2016).
Definitionof Minority and Example of a Minority Group
Theterm minority refers to a group of people who are singled out fromthe rest of the population in the society and subjected to unequaland differential treatment because of their differences in culturalor physical characteristics. Minority group may havedisproportionatelylimited opportunities to education, success or wealth compared toother members in the society. Additionally, a minority group may haveless power over their lives compared to the dominant group in thesociety. A minority group is characterized by high in-group marriage,involuntary membership in the group, distinct cultural or physicalfeatures such as language or skin color, unequal treatment, andstrong sense of solidarity. Minority groups may be in terms ofracial, ethnic, religion, racial, gender and race (Alegría,Chatterji, Wells, Cao, Chen, Takeuchi & Meng, 2015).
Anexample of a minority group is the Latinos in America. Latinos arethe ethnic minority group that is distinct from other majority groupsin the United States. Latino Americans are the U.S citizens that aredescendants of the people originating from the Spanish-speakingnations of Latin America. Latinos in America are referred to mixedrace of Native America and European origin that have Portuguese rootsand those with Spanish-language origin. The Spanish-speakingcountries classified by the U.S Census Bureau as Latino nationalorigin include Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, Honduras, Argentina,Uruguay, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Cuba and Venezuela among others.Latino Americans are the second largest Ethnic group in the U.S afterthe non-Hispanic Whites. They share common traits including heritage,language, history and culture (Alegría, Chatterji, Wells, Cao, Chen,Takeuchi & Meng, 2015).
Thedifference between cultural diversity and racial diversity
Culturaldiversity refers to differences in traditions, behaviors, ideas andbeliefs that are shared among a large group of people. People whobelong to the same culture such as the Irish culture, they sharecommon rituals, traditions and customs. Additionally, they have anunderstanding of the meaning of its practices. Cultures differsignificantly in terms of rules that guide the development of anindividual’s behavior and determined and define the acceptedbehaviors in the society. Cultural diversity includes differences inbeliefs, values and norms of a particular group of people in thesociety (Boundless,2016).
Onthe other hand, racial diversity refers to a biological distinctionshared among groups of people that is determined by an individual’sancestry. For instance, Caucasians share common physical traits thatare based on their descent but may or may not identify themselveswith the rituals, traditions or customs of each other. Racialdiversity includes differences among people based on their commonphysical traits such as hair type or skin color (Boundless,2016).
Theimpact multiculturalism has on globalization
Multiculturalismis a significant element in the process of globalization.Globalization involves interaction of people from different nationsin the world with distinct cultures, language or behaviors in theinternational community. Cultural diversity is a critical element inthe globalization process. Multiculturalism plays an important rolein globalization because it promotes co-existence among the peoplefrom the diverse cultures. Co-existence has promoted theunderstanding and effective integration of people, companies andgovernment from different nations in the international community thusenhancing the globalization process. It increases culturalinteraction thereby promoting cultural innovation that has created anew outlook to the world (Lowman,2013).
Thefour major characteristics of diversity include age, gender,education and ethnic differences. The increasing aging workforce,increasing composition of women in organizations, the increasing needfor technological skills and the high rates of racial mix hasresulted to diversity in the workforce. Therefore, organizations needto make changes to their policies and practices in order toaccommodate all the characteristics of diversity within theorganization. Latino Americans are regarded as the second largestethnic minority group in the U.S. They represent people withPortuguese origin and those from Spanish–speaking countries, whoshare common heritage, language and history. Cultural diversityincludes differences in beliefs, values and norms of a particulargroup of people in society whereas racial diversity includesdifferences among people based on their common physical traits suchas hair type or skin color. Multiculturalism impacts on globalizationby promoting co-existence among diverse cultures thus fosteringintegration and interaction among people, governments and companiesfrom different nations in the international community.
Alegría,M., Chatterji, P., Wells, K., Cao, Z., Chen, C. N., Takeuchi, D., …& Meng, X. L. (2015). Disparity in depression treatment amongracial and ethnic minority populations in the United States.Psychiatricservices.
Bauböck,R., & Scholten, P. (2016). Introduction to the specialissue:“Solidarity in diverse societies: beyond neoliberalmulticulturalism and welfare chauvinism”. ComparativeMigration Studies,4(1),1-7.
Boundless.(2016). “Culture, Ethnicity, and Race.” BoundlessCommunications.Retrieved 12 Nov. 2016 fromhttps://www.boundless.com/communications/textbooks/boundless-communications-textbook/analyzing-the-audience-7/demographic-factors-to-consider-38/culture-ethnicity-and-race-169-8389/
Lowman,R. L. (2013). Internationalizingmulticulturalism: Expanding professional competencies in a globalizedworld.American Psychological Association.
Meyers,J. S., & Vallas, S. P. (2016). Diversity Regimes in WorkerCooperatives: Workplace Inequality under Conditions of WorkerControl. TheSociological Quarterly,57(1),98-128.