Radiologistsare regarded as MDs (medical doctors) or DOs (doctors of osteopathicmedicine) with a specialization in the diagnosis and the treatment ofillnesses and injuries through the application of several medicaltechniques. The methods include CT (computed tomography), x-rays,MRI, ultrasound, as well as PET (positron emission tomography). Theindividual pursuing a career in radiology graduates from a recognizedmedical school, passes his/her licensing examination and thenproceeds to complete a residency of a minimum of four years ofexceptional post-graduate medical education in several topics. Thesemay range from radiation safety as well as protection, the properperformance as well as interpretation of the medical imaging andradiological examinations, and the radiation effects on the body ofhumans. After the residency post-graduate study, the radiologists arerequired to undergo a fellowship of one to two years comprising ofspecialized training in particular radiology subspecialty likenuclear medicine, cardiovascular radiology, or breast imaging. TheAmerican Board of Radiology certifies the radiologists who are MDswhile the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology certifies those whoare DOs. Certification is regarded as a show of high training levelas well as distinction in the field.
Apartfrom understanding the path to realizing a career as a radiologist,the knowledge on their roles is of great significance. A radiologistacts as a professional consultant to the referring physician byassisting him/her select the correct examination, interpret thesubsequent medical images, as well as employ the test results tooffer care. He also treats illnesses through radiation oncology orinterventional radiology. The other roles of a radiologist includecorrelating the findings of the medical image with additional testsand examinations as well as directing the radiology technologists inthe undertaking of correct quality exams.