Empathy,self-confidence, and self-awareness are elements of emotionalintelligence that are important for transformational leadership.Emotional intelligence skills mostly distinguish outstanding leadersfrom average ones.
Transformationalleadership has been useful in predicting performance, effectivenessrating, follower satisfaction, and motivation. Transformationalleaders mentor their followers by encouraging individual developmentand learning. There are five pillars of transformational leadership.They include attributed influence, which refers to whether theleader is committed to the course and is confident. Behavioralinfluence, these are the actions of the leader influenced by beliefs,values, or ideals. Individual consideration is how the leaderaddresses the concerns of his followers. Inspirational motivationinvolves inspiring and appealing to followers to achieve a certainset goal. Intellectual stimulation involves how leaders change themindsets of their followers, make them think creatively andparticipate intellectually.
Emotionalintelligence is the set of abilities that enable a person torecognize, express, understand, and evaluate their emotions and thatof others to think and cope with environmental demands (Northouse,2004).It is both a trait and ability. It relates to transformationalleadership through its various aspects such as empathy. Researchundertaken shows varied results of the positive influence emotionalintelligence had on transformational leadership and other wereskeptical on its effect. It was on the other hand negatively or hadno effect on management.
Emotionalintelligence as ability is effective for transformational leadership.This is because people respond more to emotions. Transformationalleadership is active, and its effectiveness is pronounced. In myview, emotional intelligence should be applied in schools and homes.This will cultivate a culture of molding leaders who are effective infuture. It will also make the teachers get the most out of the pupilsby appealing to their emotions positively. Parents too are leadersand should use and pass these positive traits of emotionalintelligence to their children.
Northouse,P. G. (2004). Leadership:Theory and practice(7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.