Endof manual production
Endof manual production
Theindustrial revolution was a period of transition from hand productionto the use of machines. There was also the introduction of improvedand efficient steam and water power (Marsh,2012).Producers adopted complex systems in the factories that weretriggered by innovation.
TheTurning Point of Industrial Revolution
Itall began in 1750. Previously people were living on small farms, andthey generated most of their products by hand and simple tools. Theneed for increased production instigated them to design complexmachines to assist in the farms and for value addition. It was fueledby the application of new farming technologies, for instance, theseed drill (Marsh,2012).Consolidation of people’s farms rendered people homeless andjobless who later opted to join in the uprising industries in urbanareas.
Similarly,Britain went through energy revolution as the citizens migrated fromthe animal power to the steam which was regarded as an efficientsource of energy. It altered the way people lived, and it was also amajor turning point in world history (Marsh,2012).Industrial revolution mostly affected the Great Britain, UnitedStates, Japan, Belgium Sweden, France, and Germany.
Therevolution improved the working and the living conditions of thepeople who were actively engaged in different occupation. Individualswere employed in the industries and paid for their services. It madethem lead decent lives than they previously did in their farms(Marsh,2012).The revolution also brought about urbanization. People migrated totowns to seek employment and a better life in the rapidlytransforming environment.
Summarily,the industrial revolution elevated the status of women in thesociety. For instance, they were absorbed in the new industries towork as the men. Marsh(2012) confirms that theywere given managerial position too and the trend and it formed thebenchmark for salaried employment that they still enjoy today. Thepublic health and the life expectancy improved as a result of theimproved facilities. Finally, the labor practices executed in theworkplaces today have a genesis in the industrial revolution sincepeople could not carry out their tasks without some form of formalprotection.
Marsh,P. (2012). Thenew industrial revolution: consumers, globalization and the end ofmass production.London: Yale University Press.