The surprise ending in the reading occurs when the author concedesthat God exists and that He is perfect. This realization leads to theconclusion that everything comes from God. In this regard, thethoughts that seem clear and vivid are always true. On the otherhand, false ideas occur since they contain shadowy and confusedelements. The author shows that since imperfection or falsity did notoriginate from God, perfection or truth could not descend fromnothingness.

The point of realization occurred when the author stated thateverything true and real within us originates from an infinite andperfect being. Consequently, the things imagined in dreams should not“make us doubt the truth of the experiences we have when awake.”Ideas that were developed while dreaming could still be true.Admittedly, dreams represented different objects “in the same wayas our external senses” (Bennett, 2016).

Nevertheless, some ideas could also mislead us when we are awake. Forinstance, stars and other heavenly bodies appear “much smaller thanthey are” (Bennett, 2016). Although people with jaundice viewedeverything as yellow, the reality was quite different. Moreover, theauthor proved that we must not base our thinking on the evidentnessof reason. Rather, we should focus on “the thoughts that we havewhen awake” (Bennett, 2016).

Indeed, the literary piece proves that since falsity did notoriginate from God, then neither perfection nor truth could descendfrom nothingness. Notably, the author was quite successful inconvincing me to accept the validity of the surprise ending. Inparticular, the use of geometric and mathematical reasoning provedthe existence of God. Furthermore, the author used convincingarguments to show that God was perfect and that our thoughts werevalid. I had expected the writer to laud the validity of thoughts andactions during the daytime. However, I appreciated that many of theideas conjured while dreaming cannot be disputed.


Bennett, J. (2016). René Descartes-Discourse on the Method ofRightly Conducting One`s Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences.Retrieved from