HaroldLasswell said politics is about who gets what, when, and how
HaroldLasswell described politics as how, when as well as who gets it. Ineffect, Harold described politics in concern by which the governmentofficials who participate in decision making and their action, theindividuals in political society who receives what advantages,rewards, and benefits as well as how much they receive them. Hecontinues to explain, how much of the citizens receive when theyreceive the reward and the tactics by which they receive them. Tothis end, politics is conscious about identifying who in the publicis repudiated, what rewards, when as well as the duration they aredenied, as well as the tactics by which they are exposed to suchdenials. Indeed,politics in America is characterized by the vested interests, whichhas continued to dominate and penetrate the structures.
Thestudy of politics mainly concentrates on studying influence and theinfluential. Conditions in politics are dictated by the science ofpolitics while the philosophy of politics justifies the preferencesand the choices that individuals make in politics. Usually, theinfluential are the individuals who get the most out of the system.The people who get the most are known to be the elite while the restare termed as mass. Nonetheless, in Powerand Society: A Framework for Political Inquiry (1950),Abraham Kaplan widened the definition to entail the general mechanismfor political inquiry which would easily examined some basic analyticcategories which included person, personality, group and culture.
Applyingthe definition advanced by Laswell into the American democraticstructure, it is evident that the public gets an allocation of scarceresources that is spearheaded by the government through authoritativedistribution. Therefore, the public has to wait for the legislatorsand the government to come up with policies that define thedistribution of the resources. There is a timeline set for theimplementation. Therefore, for politics to play, the US governmenthas to act. This is a case example of leaders from the government sitin small committees to determine the policies that affect themajority. In the long run, this has increased political indifferencein the U.S. This goes along with the nation’s corporatization, withconferred interests entering the political structures as well ashaving a popular say over the legislation and state policypreparations (Magleby, O’BRIEN & Light, 2009).
Politicsis the power to allot values of the society. According to DavidEaston, the other contemporary party-political scientist describespolitics as the commanding allocation by the political structure ofvalues for the community. David, in the structure of politicalexamination, uses political structure to indicate the structure orthe pattern human relationships and inter actions in any politicalcommunity through which commanding allotment are created andexecuted. These are the allotments that are legal and compulsory forall citizens of the state and are acknowledged like that by the greatmajority of the members. Allotment of the society values as well asobtaining broad acceptance in the society of power or compulsory,comprise the fundamental functions of any political community(Magleby, O’BRIEN& Light, 2009). It is by the presence of theactivities that fulfill two significant functions that the communitycan commit the energies as well as resources of the members insettling some of the differences that cannot be privately solved.
Politicsis considered the procedure of making decisions that cater allcitizens of each group. Narrowly, it entails exercising andaccomplishing the positions of authority, structure control on humancommunity specifically a state. Moreover, politics helps indistribution of power as well as resources within specific societies.There are various methods, which are applied in the politics theycomprise forcing political view of an individual among people inmaking laws as well as exercising force, which include war againstthe enemies. Politics is also practiced in a broad range of communallevels from tribes and clans of traditional communities throughfirms, sovereign states and local governments (Magleby, O’BRIEN &Light, 2009).
Inthe USA, the connection between politics and power has been closesince the outset of the western nations as well as the secularizationprocedure. This goes hand in hand with the past vested desiressubjugated by religious classes and kings being set by the new customof vested interests of the politicians. This is because thepoliticians were capable of creating a lot of wealth from thegovernment. Based on that, this political class shaped the operationof government structures and policies by defining and creating lawsthat favor them (Magleby, O’BRIEN & Light, 2009).
Mostof the people who win elections in the USA have vested interest,while the losers are the individuals who entirely suffer fromdifferent challenges. They suffer from challenges such as shortage ofresources. This means that political class only developed to becomeavenues for vested interests. Therefore, they only focus on theirfuture wellbeing. They continue to grow in their monetary power andtreat politics as described by Harold.
Theindividuals in politics have profited from structures that promoteindividualism. This leads to the formation of a mutual link betweensupporters of individualism and politicians. Out of this, the twoparties mutually dependent on each other. The politicians that relyon vested interests for activities of political parties andbankrolling campaigns in return pay back the favors though policiesas well as laws that create room for vested interests to flourish.This is the main reason why challenges continue to increase as theconcentration is on the interests that can be easily secured throughbond between vested interests and politics (Magleby and Light-Government, 2009).
Insummary, those who get “what” are the citizens and leaders of theUSA, “when” in this case refers to the period which is normallyin the formulation of policies and “how” is the methods to beused, which include constitution and election. In other definitions,politics is the power to allot the resources of the society to a fewindividuals who are leaders. Through politics, the leaders canexercise and achieve the positions of authority, as well as structureto control human. Therefore, politics in America is characterized bythe vested interests, which has continued to dominate and penetratethe structures.
Magleby,D. B., O’BRIEN, D. M., & Light, P. C. (2009). GOVERNMENTBY THE PEOPLE: GOVERNMENT BY THE PEOPLE.Prentice Hall.