HEALTH PROMOTION SUMMARISING KEY POLICIES AND GUIDELINES

Health Promotion: Summarising Key Policies and Guidelines 7

HEALTHPROMOTION: SUMMARISING KEY POLICIES AND GUIDELINES

By(Student’s Name)

City,State

HealthPromotion: Summarising Key Policies and Guidelines

Contextof practice, pregnancy and birth

Topic1-Mother Health and Pregnancy

TheKey Policies And Guidelines Are As Follows:

Firststage labor and birth in water- the purpose of this policy is givingnecessary guidelines to the health practitioners of Australia fortaking care of women who make decisions on whether to deliver inwater.

Plannedbirth at home in South Australia this policy aims at givingguidelines to both medical practitioners and registered co wives onthe ways of hearing to a woman who makes a formed decision of givingbirth at home(Kennare &amp Tucker 2010, 76).

Policyfor the management of the release of a placenta for private use itaims at providing expectant females and doctors with relevantinformation on clinical practices, as well as the procedure(Jennings, 2012, 18). The information is mainly about the saferemoval of the placenta to postpartum mother

Reviewof the Contemporary Practices

Australiais one of the world’s best countries to be born or give birth inthis is because of the good health care and maternity standardsoffered (Tew2013, 67).It has made most people from other countries envy their services. Thegood health and maternity provision does not come cheaply thegovernment invests heavily in medical resources. Alongside that,policies have been made and are strictly followed to make theservices the best.

Oneof the policies under mother health and pregnancy is the first stagelabour and giving birth in water (Simkin&amp Ancheta, 2011, 87).The essence of this plan is to give direction to medicalpractitioners in relation to pregnant women. The direction given ismainly to guide nurses on how to care for women when who have madedecision on the mode of delivery in this case, either normaldelivery or giving birth in water.

Theguidelines entail how the woman should be handled during the wholeexercise. That is, which medicines should be administered to her, theroom temperature or water temperature, and how the baby should behandled after birth among others. With this guidelines followed,delivery is always a success no, matter the means used.

Thesecond policy is how the management and release of the placenta needsto be done the conditions that need to be put in place and how it issupposed to be handled. In essence, this policy gives the healthpractitioners/clinical officers instructions on the procedure to befollowed in a bid to make safe release of the placenta to thepostpartum mother a success.

Thirdpolicy is touching on planned birth by South Australian women inthis case, an expectant female prefers on giving birth at home ratherthan delivering in hospital. The policy necessarily gives enoughguidance to medical workers on how to handle such scenarios amongexpectant women.

Applicationof the Policies and Guidelines in Relation to the ContemporaryPractice

TheAustralian government has tried its level best in terms of theprovision of better health care to its citizens. By the use of thepolicies, maternity services and care has improved. The policies havebeen put into practice and it is a mandatory requirement of eachmedical worker or health practitioner to follow them. Failure toadhere to the guidelines of the policies is punishable. As noted,health of pregnant mothers is put into great consideration by thegovernment, which is evident as follows.

Emphasison good nutrition and a lifestyle that is healthy is promoted(Thompsonand Arena, 2013, 214)

.This is done ina couple of ways, for example, provision ofrecommended food products to be consumed by expectant mothers. Thefood is of high nutrient content that is necessary for both childgrowth in the womb and mother’s development. Besides, manyresources have been pooled together to educate pregnant women on theeffects of drugs and substance consumption and abuse duringpregnancy. Rehabilitation facilities have also been built to helpcurb addiction of drugs and alcoholism among pregnant females.Therefore, this relates to the core principles and the policies, thusmaking them go hand in hand

Reflectionof Practice to Guidelines

Reflectionof my practice in relation to policy, guidelines and contemporarypractice is that I will try as much as I can to uphold the country’spolicies and follow them without failure. I would ensure that I getenough guidance regarding the educational materials and attendseminars to keep me informed with the current medical laws and rules.In essence, this will influence my career greatly as I will be fullyequipped with the knowledge of handling pregnant women. Besides,teaching other health practitioners will boost the level of qualityservice delivery to the expectant women. Innately, such steps willguarantee efficient service provision.

Topic2-YoungPeople’s Health and Well Being

MentalHealth of Young People

Youngpeople refer to individuals aged between 12 and 24 years. In thiscare, a review of their health is done.

KeyPolicies and Guidelines Summary

Australiamental health commission it aims at creating a good and effectivemental health system.

Reviewof the Contemporary Practices

Descriptionof a young person is one who is of the age bracket 12-24 (Reichow2012, 517).In Australia, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare gives afinely detailed report concerning various matters that affect theyoung generation in the country. In regard to their health andwellbeing, keen concentration is put on the mental health of theyouths. It is noted that there is a high level of mental disorderamong the young people, which has led to an elevated rate of drugabuse and increased levels of crime.

Risein mental illness forced the government to come up with a commissionthat facilitated the establishment of psychological treatmentcentres. Since the establishment of the commission, remarkableimprovement has been noted across Western Australia regarding mentalillness. The commission came up with principles that enhanced servicedelivery to the affected individuals and making help readilyaccessible to them.

Theguideline has assisted the health facilities in the provision ofskilled workforce and good treatment of mentally ill patients. It hasmainly focused on both public and private mental health services andprimary fitness care. The government has also played a major role inensuring the wellbeing of the Australian health standards. It hasdone so by providing Medicare cover to public hospitals,pharmaceuticals and medical services. Through public hospitals, allAustralians are entitled to free treatment. In this case, youngpeople’s health conditions are handled equally.

Applicationof the Policies and Guidelines in Relation to the ContemporaryPractice

TheAustralian government has fully participated in helping reduce thelevel of mental illnesses among the young people. Several effortsestablished include the formation of a commission that oversees thedistribution of health facilities, ensuring equity in servicedelivery to the affected citizens irrespective of their backgroundand origin, as well as availing skilled medical personnel to all tooffer medical support. The Mental Health Commission has significantlycontributed in tackling Australia mental wellbeing issue throughseveral ways.

Tobegin with, it has allocated $1.6 million to Western AustraliaCountry Health Service in the department of fitness. The amount ispurposed to attend to the young people’s needs in the rural andremote areas through community and mental health services in a moreyouth-friendly way. Secondly, it gave $ 3 million to facilitateredevelopment of the adolescent unit of Bentley to transform it intoa more therapeutic environment for the treatment of young people withmental complications.

Reflectionof Practice to Guidelines

Mycurrent practice is greatly influenced by the need to ensure that thementally ill individuals in the society are handled with care and aresubjected to fair treatment and equal access to good medicalfacilities. By taking good care of the sick in the society, suchpeople will develop confidence in the Australian government. Byattending more seminars on how to handle the young people in thesociety, I ensure that they are appreciated in addition to boostingtheir self-esteem.

Topic3

Infantsand their family

Breastfeeding

KeyPolicies and Guideline Summary

Australiandietary guideline itgives measures to be undertaken in the feedingof infants.

Reviewof the Contemporary Practices

Theinfant guideline targets children below two years (Bryce&amp Terreri, 2015, 1070).It contains advice regarding the breastfeeding of children, as wellas information based on health-related concerns of the infants. Theessence of the guideline is to give direction on what food to beconsumed by infants and what nutrients the foods should contain. Theguideline gives a recommendation of the five types and amount of foodto be consumed. It advises on choosing nutritious food in a bid to behealthy. Samples of the nutritious foods may include cereals. Forchildren under the age of 2, consumables such as milk, cheese andeven yoghurt is highly recommended.

TheAustralian government through the food guideline gives measures onwhat infants should consume (Wen&amp Baur, 2011, 705)..It is noted that breastfeeding should be administered to children forthe first 6 months of their lives. In essence, this is beneficial toboth the mother and the child as it creates a strong bond betweenthem and increases their love. Alongside parental acquaintance,breastfeeding has got numerous benefits to the child.

Firstly,breastfeeding strengthens the immune system of the child, which makesthe infant resistant to diseases stronger. Another health benefit isthat it reduces the rate of respiratory tract infections (Pilishvili&amp Smith, 2010 37).Secondly, a reduction in the rate of infant sudden demise is alsonoted. The chances of the child suffering from diseases like obesity,hypertension and even diabetes are reduced. Breastfeeding also has animpact on the child’s IQ. In this case, the intellectual quotientof the child is increased.

Lactatingmothers also gain in different ways when administering breast milk totheir infants. Some of the benefits include the decrease in chancesof suffering from breast and ovarian cancer. As a result of thenumerous gains of infant breastfeeding to the child, manyorganisations in Australia have resorted to adopting the continuoussix months policy. By strictly following the dietary patterns in theguideline, both the mother and the infant are able to grow healthyand strong. Health benefits that come along with breastfeeding are sonumerous that each parent is advised to give more time to the infantswhen doing so.

Aapplicationof the Policies and Guidelines in Relation to Contemporary Practice

Thebreastfeeding policy has fully been adopted by the lactating mothers.Most organisations in Australia are encouraging women to administerbreast milk to their children for duration of six months (Oddy&amp Malacova 2010, 89).Innately, this is also in line with the present World HealthOrganization (WHO) requirements. Due to the numerous benefits, noparent wants to make his/her child fail to be part of the gainsaccompanied by breastfeeding

Doctorshave also confirmed that breastfeeding reduces mothers’ chances ofthe contracting illnesses such as breast cancer (Dieterich&amp Rasmussen, 2013 38.To the children, the positive body formation as a result ofbreastfeeding is also notable. In this case, this is seen in thedevelopment of the child’s bones and body growth. The immune systemof the child is also strengthened, making it difficult for the infantto suffer from diseases (Lee,and Ahn, 2011, 57)

Severalbiological facts have also proved that breastfeeding is advantageousand of great nutrient content to the child (Heitmann&amp Westerterp, 2012, 915).In essence, this is associated with the nature of formation of thebreast milk within the mothers’ body. Parental love is also passeddown to the child (Hembreeand McNeil, 2013 45).Therefore, this makes the child to know the mother better and be in aposition to differentiate her from another person.

Inextreme conditions where breastfeeding is not possible, cow milk maybe administered to replace the mother’s milk (Barnes,Roberton 2012, 54).There are other health measures that a breastfeeding mother shouldconsider. For instance, a person breastfeeding a baby should notconsume any form of drug or take alcohol because it affects thechild’s health since the toxins are transmitted through the milk.Thus, this may cause health problems to the child in the long run.

Reflectionof Practice to Guidelines

Thepresent practice is greatly influenced more so, when dealing withinfants. The reason for this is that with the news kills adopted andknowledge acquired, educating women on the need for breastfeeding isimportant. Besides, by conducting social awareness whenever womenvisit hospitals facilitates sensitisation of the benefits ofbreastfeeding. Frequenting women meetings and educating them on theavailable country policies also makes them have knowledge on what todo to ensure the good health of their children.

References

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Bryce,J., Terreri, N., Victora, C.G., Mason, E., Daelmans, B., Bhutta,Z.A., Bustreo, F., Songane, F., Salama, P. and Wardlaw, T., 2006.Countdown to 2015: tracking intervention coverage for child survival.TheLancet,368(9541),pp.1067-1076.

Dieterich,C.M., Felice, J.P., O’Sullivan, E. and Rasmussen, K.M., 2013.Breastfeeding and health outcomes for the mother-infant dyad.PediatricClinics of North America,60(1),pp.31-48.

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Jennings,R., 2012. Understanding a physiological third stage of labour: Apersonal reflection. BritishJournal of Midwifery,20(8).

Kennare,R.M., Keirse, M.J., Tucker, G.R. and Chan, A.C., 2010. Planned homeand hospital births in South Australia, 1991-2006: differences inoutcomes. MedicalJournal of Australia,192(2),p.76.

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Oddy,W.H., Li, J., Whitehouse, A.J., Zubrick, S.R. and Malacova, E., 2010.Breastfeeding duration and academic achievement at 10 years.Pediatrics,pp.peds-2009.

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