Theroles of a nurse have a great impact on the general health care sincethey are in constant interaction with patients on a first-hand basisand need to know how to use the gadgets used in the treatment ofpatients. They are different since each institution has theirtechnological methods which relate to their environment. The nursesare expected to know more about the gadgets used as they are at theirdisposal which may be required for use in times of need. This impactsinformation management as they can respond in time in case of anyneed. Also, through this knowledge, information can be easily managedas they can handle the various gadgets and are conversant with thetechnology used. There has been a reduction of errors, propermanagement of information as well as increased efficiency in the workof healthcare givers[ CITATION Bun11 l 1033 ].
Nurseshave a wide domain of practice ranging from inpatient, government,civilian or outpatient practice. The working environment of thenurses, either in the manufacturing plant, insurance company orcompanies that are related to healthcare provision, will determinehow much they should know and the level of technology to be used. Theplace of work is a determinant of the amount of technology to beinteracted. The size of an institution determines the kind oftechnology used and how information is handled from within. Smallerorganizations use less storage of information, unlike theircounterparts who need more sophisticated and large databases to storeinformation. Hospitals will use lots of money to purchase equipmentfor the efficient running of the organization by the employees whilein the nonhospital setting, the management of information will be theleast of their priorities[ CITATION Par12 l 1033 ].
InGermany, alcoholism has been a leading cause of death to aconsiderable percentage of the population. The affected populationlater contract liver cirrhosis leading to their deaths. Alcoholism isa disease, and thus, nurses are involved in its treatment just likethey would treat other ailments. Nurses are usually the first peopleto interact with these patients, therefore, play a significant rolein reducing or eliminating the disease burden by identifying thecause, if it is through inheritance from family, the health conditionof the patient and the history of the disease. Through thisinformation they can be able to determine the kind of medication tobe used, the prevention of recurrence, rehabilitation measures andprovision of emotional, psychological and physical treatment to theones involved. They also educate the sick through awareness[ CITATION WHO15 l 1033 ].
Obesityis a great concern to the world over. In India, a country with a highpopulation and low-income rate, the rich register elevated levels ofobesity. This poses an enormous risk to its people. The presence ofobesity is a burden to this country as the vast population affectedis at a high risk of contracting other related diseases. Nurses, ontheir part, are substantially involved in the prevention andmanagement of the disease. This can be done through educating parentson proper nutrition of their children to prevent the onset of thediseases and administering of drugs and changing the feeding patternsto the ones already affected. They help suppress and manage thecondition through advocating for specific dietary patterns andhabits. Patients are taught on skin and wound care, toileting and bedrepositioning. Through these strategies, the impact of the disease isreduced greatly[ CITATION Sko14 l 1033 ].
Buntin, M. (2011). Health Affairs. In M. a. Buntin, The Benefits of Health Information Technology:A review of the recent literature shows predominant results (pp. 464-71). Orlando.
Parker, C. (2012, may 22). What Is a Nurse Informantics Specialist. Retrieved november 6th, 2016, from Transforming health through IT: http://www.himss.org/what-nurse-informatics-specialist
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WHO. (2015). WHO. Retrieved november 6, 2016, from World Health Organisation: http://www.who.int/gho/countries/deu/country_profiles/en/