Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduismand Buddhism

Hinduismand Buddhism have common genesis in the Ganges background of NorthernIndia in the second urbanization approximately 500 BCE. Molloy arguesthat Buddhism is an offshoot of the Hinduism religion which is aboutfinding the Anatman whereas Hinduism is about understanding Brahmanwhose existence is from within the Atman. Both religions share thesame origin since they originated from the Indian subcontinent.However, both share a rather strange and peculiar form ofrelationship that in most cases comparable to the kind ofrelationship between Christianity and Judaism (Molloy). Just asChrist was born in a Jewish family, Buddha was born in a Hindufamily. Molloy additionally noted that people still argue and hold onthe belief that Buddhism was an offshoot of Hinduism, and that Buddhahas for long been known as the Hindu religion. However, mostBuddhists oppose the belief, and don’t subscribe to it. Because ofthe believe that Buddhism religion released the Indian people fromtraditional oppression, the religion gained popularity in India. Itis believed, that for those people who had no hope and aspiration,Buddha created hope and similarly restored the lost hope of salvationto others. According to Molloy, over close to 1500 years, Buddhismwas accepted by Hindu religion as an incarnation of Vishnu. However,between the two traditional religions, there existed very strongrivalry. Molloy noted that the followers of both traditions, Siva andBuddha, could not stand each other most times. In various instances,the Hindu rulers and leaders persecuted the Buddhists. For example,Sasank, who was a ruler from the Hindu, vandalized a number ofBuddhist monuments. Conversely, despite the differences that existedbetween , the two influenced each other in quitea number of ways. There are diverse differences and similaritiesbetween .


Accordingto Molloy, are similar in the followingrespects:

In, the role of Karma is recognized (Molloy). Itis believed, that Karma has a role to play in keeping men bound tothe universe besides being known in keeping birth and death cycles.

Hinduismand Buddhism believe that desire is the cause of suffering. Accordingto , removing desire brings suffering to aconclusion. Similarly, diverse words in both religion such asUpanishads and Bhagavadgita believe that engaging in acts that areprompted by desire will automatically lead to bondage and forms ofsuffering. In , the concept of Karma is believedto be responsible for transmigrating souls and is in charge of thecycle of births and deaths. According to Molloy, both religionsvalued human beings, and compassion should be exercised for all humanbeings. Additionally, the two religions are against violence becausethey believe in the subsistence of diverse heavens and hells orrather, the existence of lower and higher worlds.

Hinduismand Buddhism believe in the subsistence of gods in diverse planets.This is because in both religions, spiritual actions such ascultivation, meditation and concentration are believed in.Additionally, in both religions, there is a belief that thedetachment from worldly life is a precondition to spiritual lifesince suffering is known to be the root cause of problems among thetwo religions. Another similarity is that Advaita philosophy ofHinduism is similar to Buddhism religion in almost all aspects.According to Molloy, both religions originated from the Indian soil.Molloy argued that the founder of Buddhism as a religion was a Hindu,who later converted to Buddha. Molloy further asserts that Buddhismis one of the greatest gifts of India to Mankind.


Accordingto Molloy, are different in the followingrespects:

Hinduismhas no prophet attached to it while Buddhism was founded by Buddhawho is regarded as a prophet because Hinduism is a religion thatbelieves in the Vedas supremacy while Buddhism as a religion does nottrust in the Vedas neither do the Buddhist trust in any scripture ofHindu (Molloy). Buddhism does not trust in the existence of Soulswhile Hinduism trusts in the supreme Atman existence, Brahman and inthe individual soul, who, according to them is the highest creator.

Hinduismacknowledges and recognizes Buddha as a Mahavishnu incarnation who isknown as one of the gods in the Hindu Trinity. Buddhism does notrecognize any Hindu god as superior to the Buddha. According toMolly, Buddhists trust that the planet is full of problems and sorrowand that ending distress is the main objective of any human lifewhile the Hindus trust that a human being should aim to pursue andachieve the following four aims (Artha): Dharma, Artha, Kama, andMoksha.

Howit reflects in reality

Thetwo religions reflect reality in the sense that they obey humanityand most of the principles advocated for by arereally practical. For instance, the aspect of exercising compassion,which is common between both religions, is real and practical. In myview therefore, is a reflection of reality.


Hinduismand Buddhism originated in India and in as much as there areidentified differences between the two, both share some forms ofsimilarities. It is evident the founder of Buddhism was a Hindu wholater converted to Buddhism. In conclusion therefore, the religionsare the same and it can be concluded that Hinduism is Buddhism andBuddhism is Hinduism.


Molloy,Michael.&nbspExperiencingthe World’s Religions: Tradition, Challenge, and Change / MichaelMolloy.6th ed., New York, McGraw Hill Higher Education, 1 Dec. 2012.