HOW DO HISTORIANS PROVE THEIR ARGUMENT?
Historians do more than just a description and explanation. Anypiece of historical account does involve not onlyan argument but also a narrative. The issue of substantiatingthose arguments is dependent on the nature of the available proof.Thus, historians have various methodologies that can be utilized toprove an argument. In this regard, Treadgold, a historian who wrotethe the book, A History of the ByzantineState and Society (Treadgold, 2016, p.6),will be considered on the way heproves his facts.
The history of the early Byzantium is a series of arguments.First off, we begin by identifying the facts,narrative construction, and then a bid tojustify that piece by surveying forfalsification or confirmation (Treadgold, 2016, p.6). The Monophysitesacrilege was one of the reasons for the Arab conquest of Syria andEgypt rather than the Turkish side. Moreover, itwas witnessed when, successfully, thePersians “courted the Egyptians by recognizing a purely Monophysitehierarchy” (Treadgold, 2016, p.7). In the previous century, therewas a plague that had wiped many of the Greeks who were cultural andleft the rulers who were Semites, a reason why the Syrian andEgyptian heretics grew to be dominant. When looking at the 17thcentury, there is a lot of statisticalinformation. However, there is information that is indirect when wewant to know the population of London in the 1650,but it gives us room to make several assumptions and almostaccurately determine that population(Treadgold, 2016, p. 8). We can visit the available records fromchurches, schools and other areas that can be credible (Dean, 2010,pp. 399).
Moreover, historians can determine the deaths of a given disaster bylooking at the mortality bills in the affected country if available.Before the 1700s, there were many problemsin gathering information, but since thenonwards, there is evidence which falsifies or proves a given accountsince most of it may not have been destroyed (Treadgold, 2016, p.20).For instance, the early Byzantine period has less information becausethe governments collected no statistics and those obtained got lost.Other means may include the use ofarchaeological prove, the statisticalspread of names, and coin hordes (Treadgold, 2016, p. 22).Additionally, analogical arguments can be necessaryand required. If reconstructing the 6th-centuryplagues is needed, then the 1340s BlackDeath’s records can be resourceful because that data lies withinthe same period ("Review on JSTOR,"2016, p.300). For instance, out of analogy, Treadgold says that theBubonic plague reoccurred in the fourteenthcentury and may have destroyed people leading to a decline inpopulation (Treadgold, 2016, p.29)
Inconclusion, historians have various methodologies that can beutilized to prove an argument. For instance, they can usearchaeological evidence, biological, examining the current proveamong others. Evidence from Warren Treadgold’s book, AHistory of the Byzantine State and Society, showshow some of these methods were used as explained above. Therefore,historians have strived to substantiate their information. References
Dean, T. (2010). How Historians Begin: Openingsin Historical Discourse. History, 95(320),p.399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-229x.2010.00492.x
Review on JSTOR.(2016). Jstor.org.Retrieved 4 November 2016, p.300:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1357541?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Treadgold, W. (2016). A History of the Byzantine State and Society(pp. 5-30).