Hong Kong International Airport

HongKong International Airport

The

Theairport opened in 1998 with a single runway, which was later expandedto two runways after twelve months. From 1998, the airport hascontinued to grow into one of the most important aviation hubs acrossthe world. HKIA serves over 96 airlines connecting close to 160destinations (Leunget al., 2012).It is widely renowned for its architectural impression it isdesigned superbly, with the aim of redefining efficiency in airportservices. The airport boasts of unraveled connectivity and superiorservice with excellent security systems. This transportation hubgenerates tremendous economic value for Hong Kong, amounting to closeto HK$100 million (Leunget al., 2012).Hong Kong has four economic pillars that make it a thriving economythese include tourism, financial services, logistics and professionaland producer services. These four sectors contribute close to 58% ofHong Kong’s GDP and rely heavily on HKIAs ability to ensure theefficient flow of people and goods.

TheGrowth of

Therapid growth of the airport and its significance is because of anarray of factors. First, Hong Kong has an advantage regarding itsgeographical location. It lies right at the heart of the Asia Pacificas well as serves as a door to the mainland, which registers rapidgrowth (Laquian,2011).The airport has developed its aviation network beyond theorigin-and-destination service, to include other aspects such astransshipment of cargo as well as the transfer of passengers. Thegovernment has also instituted progressive liberalization policies onair services, which has helped elevate HKIA as a competitive aviationhub. Prudent professional development and continuous infrastructuralimprovements have contributed further towards the elevation of theairport’s status. Currently, the airport handles over 60 millionpassengers annually, and the passenger numbers will continue to rise.

PlanningAhead through the Master Plan 2030

Thedevelopment of an airport is a capital-intensive process andtherefore requires considerable planning with long lead-time. Giventhe impending rise in the number of passengers served by the airport,the Hong Kong authorities seek to address the threat of a capacitycrunch through the 2030 master plan (Tsuiet al., 2014).The master plan maps out the important future developments that mustbe undertaken to ensure the airport matches the increasing demandwithout compromising the quality of service delivery. The HKIA ismanaged through a 20-year master plan, which undergoes a review afterevery five years (Laquian,2011).The preparation and initiation of the master plan 2030 aims toaddress development needs that will help the airport advancesustainable growth while retaining its competitive position as theairport of choice. The plan addresses the forecasted 2030 air trafficdemand (Tsuiet al., 2014).It covers the preliminary design, environmental assessment,engineering needs and supporting facilities. Finally, the master planprovides the framework for the airport`s growth to coincide with thegrowth of the city. Additionally, it highlights the consultativechannels through which future developments and improvements will behandled by the airport authorities (Tsuiet al., 2014).

Conclusion

TheHong Kong international airport is an important aviation hub in theAsia Pacific and the entire world. Hong Kong’s strategic locationbetween the rapidly growing mainland and the rest of the worldprovides a crucial connection for trade, tourism, financial servicesand other professional services. The is at the center of the economy, supporting more than 50% of the GDPcontributors in Hong Kong. The airport has developed its aviationnetwork beyond the origin-and-destination service, to include otheraspects such as transshipment of cargo as well as the transfer ofpassengers. The forecasted rapid growth in the passenger numbersmeans that the Hong Kong authorities need to put in place measures tolimit any incidences of capacity crunch. The master plan 2030provides this answer by giving appropriate directions to thedifferent phases of the implementation of the expansion program.

References

Laquian,A. A. (2011). The planning and governance of Asia’s mega-urbanregions.&nbspPopulationDistribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration and Development: AnInternational Perspective United Nations Department of Economic andSocial Affairs, Population Division, New York: United Nations,302-322.

Leung,R. W. K., Li, D. C. H., Yu, W. K., Chui, H. K., Lee, T. O., VanLoosdrecht, M. C. M., &amp Chen, G. H. (2012). Integration ofseawater and grey water reuse to maximize alternative water resourcefor coastal areas: the case of the Hong Kong InternationalAirport.&nbspWaterscience and technology,&nbsp65(3),410-417.

Tsui,W. H. K., Balli, H. O., Gilbey, A., &amp Gow, H. (2014). Forecastingof Hong Kong airport`s passenger throughput.&nbspTourismManagement,&nbsp42,62-76.