How to critically appraise a research paper.

Howto critically appraise a research paper.

Howto critically appraise a research paper.

QuickReview.

  • This study was done to determine whether there was a relationship between pet ownership during pregnancy and childhood, and asthma and atopy when a child is at the age of 7 years.

  • Pregnant women and the children born were studied up to the age of six years.

  • The study was done through collection of data which was obtained from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC).

  • The interventions involved testing the chosen women and children for asthma and atopy.

  • The study involved 14,541 pregnant women and 13,978 children who were below the age of 12 months not including triplets and quads.

  • The study shows that the repelling impacts on atopic versus non-atopic asthma may be taken into consideration before one decides whether to own a pet or not.

Detailedreview.

Readthe introduction.

  • This study is scientifically credible because is assess all the possible relationships between owning a pet and getting asthma.

  • The aims in this study are clearly stated. It is to determine if there is a relationship between owning a pet during pregnancy and asthma in children under 7 years.

  • There is novel element because the study done is very relevant to the subject being investigated.

  • It is all worthwhile because through studying the different factors, those involving keeping pets and others, one is able to clearly determine the relationship being studied.

Thediagnostic test checklist.

Participants.

Theselection criteria was clear and well defined.

Studygroups.

  • The standard reference diagnosis was clearly stated because those who owned pets were compared with those who did not own them.

  • The study was independent in each of the participating groups since each was tested alone. It was also valid.

  • The reference standard was used in each case despite the result which was obtained because the obtained result had to be compared with the reference standard in each case.

  • There was nothing blinding, the study was very clear.

Outcomes.

  • The tests used involved testing the pregnant women and children sampled if they had asthma.

  • The tests were clearly defined in each case and they were repeated for all the people tested.

  • The test was done to all the selected people without considering the result if the standard reference.

  • The test assessment was not blind to the result of the standard reference because they were all compared with it.

  • The test was validated in the people who did not own pets and who served as an independent group.

Studyresults.

  • From the study, 52% of those who owned pets had reduced odds of atopic asthma.

  • The measures of precision used involved comparing those who owned pets against those who did not own them.

  • Useful measures of test accuracy can be computed from the obtained data.

  • There are significant effects of the effect of ownership of pets.

Applicabilityof the study.

  • The source population was very relevant and thus it was well-described.

  • The participants were a good representation of the desired population which the study wished to cover.

  • The setting of the study was very strategic and well described since it occurred where the correct data would be obtained.

  • It is hard to determine the pre-test probabilities from the study.

  • The probabilities of the post-test will greatly help in in managing patients since the caregivers will be able to know the cause of the problem.

  • The test is very affordable, reproducible and available for all those being studied.

Critique.

  • This study was done to determine whether there was a relationship between pet ownership during pregnancy and childhood, and asthma and atopy when a child is at the age of 7 years.

  • The study is made even clearer by the way in which it is presented. The sentences are clear and grammatically correct. It is not too brief but it has summarized the main points making it to have a desirable length.

Thefollowing make the study to be easily understood

  • The study was scientific and original. It has used reliable data from a very reliable source and it is correctly analyzed.

  • The design of the study was effectively planned.

  • The results obtained from the study were very reliable and helped in correctly summarizing the study.

  • The study is very applicable. It was done of factual data sample and it is very relevant in our society.

Fromthis study, no defects are likely to occur since the study is wellplanned and carefully carried out. From the study, there are novisible weaknesses. The study is well organized and all claims usedare well supported.

Inmy opinion, which is based on the scientific explanation of the wholestudy, the conclusion is justified. It was drawn from the obtainedresults and therefore I find it relevant.

References.

Alderson,D. (2016). &nbspPaediatricsand Child Health,&nbsp26(3),110-113.