Human Rights and Systems in the Contemporary World

HumanRights and Systems in the Contemporary World

HumanRights and Systems in the Contemporary World

QuestionOne

States have different justicemodels, and international community accepts the sovereignty ofnations in protecting their people from gross human right violation.In normal occasions, states that judge what is considered as humanrights violation in another country end up interfering with thenation’s right to self-determination (Connor, 1994). However, whenpolitical systems, which are supposed to protect human rights, leadto conflicts, the intervention of other nations into the domesticaffairs of a sovereign state is justified. The validation is on theground of maintaining international security (Donnelly, 2013).Moreover, this form of intervention is justified when the countriesshare values and can define what is immoral. To warrant externalintervention, the violation must be so severe, like in the case ofgenocide, crimes against humanity, war, mass rape, and ethnicwrangles. Discrimination and limitation of political expressions alsojustify the involvement of one state in another country’s affairs.Involvement may equally happen when the abuse poses threat to otherstates and their citizens. In most instances, this form of risk comesin terms of insecurity when people suffer in their country and opt toseek refuge in other states (O`Byrne, 2014). For such, violationbecomes even more severe when it makes people to vacate their nativeland in order to save their lives.

A sovereign security councilcan legitimately judge the level of violation. For example,intervention is lawful and legitimate only if authorized by theUnited Nations Security Council (UNSC). The primary role of UNSC isthe enhancement of international cooperation. The body judgesviolation and determines whether it poses any threat before itauthorizes the use force. Similarly, military forces can also judgehuman rights violation (Donnelly, 2013). It occurs when theinvolvement of army is required to prevent an imminent threat tointernational security.

QuestionTwo

Aligning nations in thecontemporary world is necessary because most third world countriesare not independent. They require assistance from other nations inhandling their issues. In the current world, aligning states ispossible since they depend on each other for different reasons.Alignment with the help of powerful nations is possible because theyare presumed to hold no discrimination against other states.Unfortunately, civilization has dominated the world and therefore,the superpowers do not control some nations. The least developedcountries require the United Nations to help them evolve. Aconnection of countries with others offers military and economicsupport. Similarly, because most countries want to better theirstandards economically, politically, and educationally, they alignwith other nations to get ideas on how to achieve their goals. It ismostly possible because the involved nations are ever willing tocooperate (O`Byrne, 2014). Through alignment, they hope to set uprules and principles for governing their cooperation.

Aligning nations is desirablebecause they work together. A single nation cannot have all thenecessities required by its citizens and therefore, it has to dependon others. It helps solve worldwide problems like insecurity,terrorism, as well as human and drug trafficking. Alignment of nationhelps in intervention in cases of severe human rights violation sothat they may not be involved in bloody violence. If a state fails toact promptly during human rights violation, then other countries havethe right to step in and help out. In addition, it leads to promotionof peace nations. Finally, what makes this doing this desirable isthat it does not compromise the internal stability of a country andit causes good relationship between states that are technologicallyand politically apart (Connor, 1994).

References

Donnelly,J. (2013). Universal human rights in theory and practice. CornellUniversity Press. In O`Byrne, D. (2014). Human rights: Anintroduction. Routledge.

Connor, Walker: (1994).Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.