I-Search Paper Jovian Planets

I-SearchPaper: Jovian Planets

I-SearchPaper: Jovian Planets

Manypeople hear about the existence of huge heavenly bodies, but very fewof them can distinguish between stars and planets. In my case, I wasmotivated by two factors to select the topic “Jovian planets”.First, I have a passion about the study of planets in general. I seemany heavenly bodies that shine with different levels of intensityand colors. However, a focus on their study will help medifferentiate planets and their components. Secondly, I have heardabout the existence of gas planets and I am curious about themechanism through which particles of air are able to come together toform giant heavenly bodies. Therefore, a study of my topic “Jovianplanets” will address my curiosity.

Inmy experience, the terminology used in the study of planets has beenquite hard for a layman to comprehend. Although I am quite learned, Iconsider myself to be one of the laymen because I do not know muchabout planets besides what I learned in elementary, middle school,and high school. From the limited background information that I hadbefore engaging the in the study of Jovian planets, I could only tellthat the universe has nine planets. From my high school education, Ilearned that the universe is comprised of the moon, the sun, and nineplanets, including Mercury, Earth, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Neptune,Jupiter, Pluto, and Neptune. I did not know much about theircomposition. However, I heard my teacher mention about the existenceof some planets that are made of gases and others that are comprisedof rocks. This created a desire in me to find more about planets thatare made of gases since I did not understand how that could bepossible.

Mysearch

Ineeded a search strategy that could allow me to have a large numberof sources from which I could select the most credible ones. The“keyword search” on the internet was more appropriate since itcould allow me to access virtually all sources with significantinformation about the Jovian planets. Some of the key words that Iused include “Jovian planets”, “gas planets”, and “theunique features of Jovian planets”. The search gave me thousands ofarticles from which selected seven peer reviews Journal articles, onebook, and two credible websites as considered below

AmericanAssociation of Amateur Astronomers (2016). An overview of astronomy:A conscious guide to the universe: The outer Jovian planets. AmericanAssociation of Amateur Astronomers.Retrieved November 5, 2016, from&lthttp://www.astromax.org/astrocourse/jovian.htm&gt

Thiswebsite informs about the key features of each planet that isincluded in the Jovian group.

Beech,M. (2014). AlphaCentauri: Unveiling the secrets of our nearest stellar neighbor:Astronomers’ universe.Berlin: Springer.

Thearticle provided the information used to discuss about the atmosphereof the Jovian planets.

Genda,H. (2015). Origin of earth’s oceans: An assessment of the totalamount, history and supply of water. GeochemicalJournal,50, 27-42.

Genda’sarticle informs about the type of gases found in the atmosphere ofeach of the Jovian planets.

Gibson,H. (2012). Cold dark matter cosmology conflicts with fluid mechanicsand observations. Journalof Applied Fluid Mechanisms,1, 1-8.

Gibson’sarticle was used to find information about the features as well asthe relationship between the Jovian planets and the sun.

Lurie,C., Henry, T., Jao, W., Quinn, N., winters, G., Ianna, A., Koerner,W., Riedel, R. &amp Subasavange, P. (2014). The solar neighborhood:A search for planets orbiting nearby m Dwarfs using astrometry. TheAstronomical Journal,148 (91), 1-12.

Thearticle was used to explain the determination of size of Jovianplanets.

Matese,J. &amp Whitmire, P. (2011). Persistent evidence of a Jovian masssolar companion in the Oort cloud. Icarus,211, 926-938.

Thearticle provides information about the position of Jovian planets inthe solar system and their relationship with the sun.

Meech,J., Yang, B., Kleyna, J., Hainaut, R., Berdyugina, S., Micheli, M.,Morbidelli, A. &amp Wainscoat, J. (2016). Inner solar systemmaterial discovered in the oort clod. Advancementof Science,2, 1-7.

Thecontent of the article was to explain the formation of asteroids fromJupiter.

Murthy,J., Henry, R., Holberg, B. (2012). Voyager observations of thediffuse far-ultraviolet radiation field. TheAstrophysical Journal Supplement Series,199 (11), 1-6.

Thearticle identifies and describes the specific planets that areincluded in the Jovian group.

NASA(2014). Basics of space flight. NASA.Retrieved November 5, 2016, from&lthttps://solarsystem.nasa.gov/basics/bsf1-2.php&gt

NASA’sarticle has the information indicating the unique features of allplanets, including the Jovian heavenly bodies.

Wilson,I. (2013). The Venus earth Jupiter spin orbit coupling model. PatternRecognition in Physics,1, 147-158.

Informationabout the tangential toque of Jupiter and its impact on the layers ofthe sun was obtained from this article.

WhatI Learned about My Topic

Mysearch helped me learn about several facts about the Jovian planets.The first and the most important fact is the definition of the term“Jovian planets” and the number of heavenly bodies that areincluded in it. The term “Jovian planets” is used when referringto a group of four heavenly bodies, including the Saturn, Jupiter,Neptune, and Uranus (Murthy, Henry, Holberg, 2012). Jovian may alsobe used as an adjective to mean anything that is related to Jupiter.These four heavenly bodies are considered to be unique because theycomprise the outer planets of the solar system (Gibson, 2012). Theirname “Jovian” was derived from one of the planets, which is theJupiter.

Inaddition, I managed to learn about the key features that distinguisheach of the heavenly bodies from the rest of the planets. Forexample, Jupiter has a ring and the largest number (63) of moons.Saturn is classified as the second largest planet and total of 61moons. The size of the planets is determined by estimating theirrespective masses (Lurie, Henry, Jao, Quinn, winters, Ianna, Koerner,Riedel &amp Subasavange, 2014). It has also been determined thatabout 20 out of all the 200-km-sized asteroids were scattered byJupiter (Meech, Yang, Kleyna, Hainaut, Berdyugina, Micheli,Morbidelli &amp Wainscoat, 2016). Its ring is highly visiblecompared to other planets. Uranus is one of the slowest planets inthe system and it was once classified as a star. It is distinguishedfrom the rest of the heavenly bodies due to its axial tilt (NASA,2014). Moreover, Neptune and Uranus are distinguished from the restof the planets due to their extremely high levels of hydrogen andmethane gases. Additionally, the two planets have the highest amountof ice in their respective atmosphere (Genda, 2015). Consequently,they are referred to as “the ice giants”. Neptune is the onlyplanet with a moon, Triton, that has own atmosphere (AmericanAssociation of Amateur Astronomers, 2016).

Mostimportantly, my research helped me resolve one of the myths I hadabout the Jovian planets. I always believed that each of theindividual planets was made of molecules of gas alone. However, Ilearned that they are referred to as the gas planets because they aresurrounded by different layers of gas, but they have a core of rockat the center. For example, Jupiter and Saturn have extremely largelayers of gaseous, liquid, and metallic hydrogen that surround thecore of rock (NASA, 2014). Similarly, Uranus and Neptune have largelayers of gaseous hydrogen, methane, and ammonia gases that surroundthe core of rock (NASA, 2014). Their cores are made up of metals,metallic hydrogen, and rock. Therefore, the main difference betweenthe Earth and Jovian planets is the type of gases and layers thatform their atmosphere.

Therelative position of the Jovian planets determines the motion of thesun around the center-of-mass of the entire solar system (Wilson,2013). For example, Jupiter, which is the major planet in the Joviangroup, makes a net tangential torque that increases the rate at whichthe conventional layers of the sun rotate. This process indicatesthat the Jovian planets play a critical role in determining thedistance between the sun and other planets as well as the intensityof the sun rays that reach them. The atmosphere of these planetsreduces their capacity to sustain life, although this possibility isstill part of the ongoing research (Beech, 2014).

Conclusion

Thesearch process is a useful way of finding information that can clearmyths as well as misconceptions that one has about a given topic. Theonlinesearchprocess makes it easier to locate articles with information that canaddress these issues. In the present paper, the search process wasused to find more information about Jovian planets. After reading atotal of 10 credible articles, it is possible to understand anddescribe the Jovian planets and their distinct features.

References

AmericanAssociation of Amateur Astronomers (2016). An overview of astronomy:A conscious guide to the universe: The outer Jovian planets. AmericanAssociation of Amateur Astronomers.Retrieved November 5, 2016, fromhttp://www.astromax.org/astrocourse/jovian.htm

Beech,M. (2014). AlphaCentauri: Unveiling the secrets of our nearest stellar neighbor:Astronomers’ universe.Berlin: Springer.

Genda,H. (2015). Origin of earth’s oceans: An assessment of the totalamount, history and supply of water. GeochemicalJournal,50, 27-42.

Gibson,H. (2012). Cold dark matter cosmology conflicts with fluid mechanicsand observations. Journalof Applied Fluid Mechanisms,1, 1-8.

Lurie,C., Henry, T., Jao, W., Quinn, N., winters, G., Ianna, A., Koerner,W., Riedel, R. &amp Subasavange, P. (2014). The solar neighborhood:A search for planets orbiting nearby m Dwarfs using astrometry. TheAstronomical Journal,148 (91), 1-12.

Matese,J. &amp Whitmire, P. (2011). Persistent evidence of a Jovian masssolar companion in the Oort cloud. Icarus,211, 926-938.

Meech,J., Yang, B., Kleyna, J., Hainaut, R., Berdyugina, S., Micheli, M.,Morbidelli, A. &amp Wainscoat, J. (2016). Inner solar systemmaterial discovered in the oort clod. Advancementof Science,2, 1-7.

Murthy,J., Henry, R., Holberg, B. (2012). Voyager observations of thediffuse far-ultraviolet radiation field. TheAstrophysical Journal Supplement Series,199 (11), 1-6.

NASA(2014). Basics of space flight. NASA.Retrieved November 5, 2016, fromhttps://solarsystem.nasa.gov/basics/bsf1-2.php

Wilson,I. (2013). The Venus earth Jupiter spin orbit coupling model. PatternRecognition in Physics,1, 147-158.