1.Synopsis of Hardin’s argument

Hardingives an unreasonable argument for the conclusion that immigration isnot good for the United States. He argues the conclusion in thefollowing way: His first premise is that current laws on immigrationfail to take into consideration people who are criminals in thecountries of their origin. As a result, by accepting such personsinto the country, there is bound to be a case whereby the countryends up importing crime and other anti-socially acceptable behavior(Hardin, 1974). Where importation of a large number of criminals intothe country is sustained, these people are bound to cause a lot ofharm to native residents of the Country as they shall act in a mannerthat is inconsistent with systems established in the country togovern law and order. The native dwellers will, therefore, be on thereceiving end as they shall be subjects of ill vices committed byimmigrants.

Thesecond premise of Hardin indicates that the influx of migrantcommunity in the country pushes the government to put focus onquality for both new residents and original residents of the country.It, however, ends up failing in that it puts more focus on thequantity of immigrants rather than the quality. It, thereby, allowsmore people to come into the country. In such a case, the needs ofnatives of the country are ignored and, they end up receiving a rawdeal compared to people who move into the country (Hardin, 1974).Therefore, where there is a continuous show of preference towards theimmigrant community, there is bound to be a show of discontent byoriginal residents of the country which could lead to a lot ofresistance, in the end, the immigrant community could suffer cases ofdiscrimination by those who were, earlier on, citizens of thecountry. There could also be cases of confrontation between the twocommunities.

Thethird premise of Hardin is that, while new policies are aimed atmoving food banks closer to the people, United States has relaxed thelaws on immigration, allowing people to move from where food istermed to be scarce to its source (Hardin, 1974). With such anaction, the moving population creates an imbalance, especially in thearea of environmental protection whereby it creates a big strain onthe environment and makes it hard for the government and the currentpopulation of United States to go about their duty of taking care ofthe environment in the most acceptable manner. Therefore, the countrycould suffer from environmental concerns that are normally associatedwith an increase in population (Hardin, 1974). These issues includewaste disposal and management as well as overuse of naturalresources, especially, land. He also blames employers who have beenpushed by the need to have cheap labor in their businesses, thereby,providing a leeway for the influx of immigrants into the country. Heclearly indicates that many more problems are bound to be experiencedwhen the country fails to face the real issue that immigration is abig problem to it and there is, therefore, need to come up withactions that are likely to turn the situation around and be one thathelps to curtail the problem.

1.1Formal Reconstruction of argument

  1. According to Hardin, immigration allows into the country, a large number of immigrants who end up making up a huge proportion of the entire population. He indicates that the problem of immigration is built on the background of actions done in the past which have now come to haunt the United States. The population of immigrants is growing, especially given that there are about 400,000 immigrants a year. Hardin argues that the figure could even be about 600,000 if the number of illegal immigrants to the country was to be factored in. He has also noted that there has been a considerable increase in resident population that is now set at 1.7 million annually. Such a figure is quoted to be very high. The case could be because the annual gain from immigration may be set as about 19% and could easily increase to the tune of 37%.

  2. He also indicates that immigration could, in the end, deny the original residents of the country ownership to their own country as with the growing number of immigrants in the United States, these people are bound to get into the intricate structures of the country that are concerned with making vital decisions. In the end, the original owners will lack the capacity to make decisions that are of their help because of the reduced proportion that they shall have generally, in terms of their population.

  3. Hardin also puts across that immigration makes the United States experience chaos as people from different parts of the world having varying cultures and values get together. With the increased number of people, the problem of lack of control comes into place and the government experiences the major problem of not being able to handle the specific problems affecting people. Current residents of the country could suffer in a major way in the end as its own government will not have the ability to roll out actions that are bound to protect them in the end.

  4. Hardin is also of the view that immigration provides room for continued growth of the population of the country, which could bring up problems of overuse of available resources. All countries are built on planning and regulations and where it is clear that current occurrences threaten the said plans, then there is bound to be problems in the end.

  5. The fifth argument provided by Hardin is that increased immigration denies the country its own identity as it is quite hard to establish commonalities among people found in the country. The fact that people from diverse cultures get into the country brings in the whole element of failing to provide the country a clear definition of the kind of people that are found in it.

2.Response to Hardin’s argument

WhileHardin holds that high cases of immigration into the country have ledto the development of vices experienced around the country such ascrime and environmental degradation, the argument is invalid (Hardin,1974). The argument is unreasonable because the current situation ofthe economy does not allow people to have many children as they wanta situation where they are in a position to take good care of thesechildren. There is, therefore, need for people from other countriesto get into the country and fill in the deficit. Moreover, even if itwere valid, it is not sound because premises four and five are wrongfor the following reasons

Theargument that immigration provides room for continued growth of thepopulation of the country is not true because the government controlsthe migration of people other countries in such a way that they donot cause a strain on existing infrastructure and resources (Hardin,1974). The argument put across that immigration denies the countryits own identity is far-fetched. The identity of a country is moreoften given by the type of people found in it and immigrants who getinto the country help to bring in the blend required for properassociation of people in the country.

3.Argument for immigration

Inaddition to having Hardin who is a proponent to immigration, there isa clear justification why it is good. One argument that confirms thatthere is nothing wrong with immigration into the United States isthat is the United States is a country that gives room to freedom anddemocracy (Hardin, 1974). The first premise of this argument is thatearly immigrants to the United States came from Europe where theyescaped the totalitarian monarchical rule that had been in existencefor many generations. Most of the migrants felt that they needed togo to a place where they could experience some level of freedom andautonomy. They would also need to create a governance structure inwhich they get to decide on the person that they would want to rulethem. In such a situation, the said person would have a great deal ofresponsibility and the need to remain responsible for the actionsthat do.

Thesecond premise is based on the fact that, where people from othercountries share the same ideologies that those of the United Stateshave, they may, also, develop the need to move into the country. Theyshall, as a result, reside in an area where they are in agreementwith the beliefs that are poised by people in the area as well asable to enjoy the great level of freedom that is faced by people inthe country (Hardin, 1974). The great motivation of immigrants tomove to the United States is also bound to make them adhere to rulesand policies that are created to guide the lives of people in theland. As a result, they are bound to live harmoniously with hostpopulation. The most important reason is that they shall, most often,be sharing the same values and concepts and agree on most of theprovisions that are set in the country. The immigrant population isalso bound to be of help to the resident population because itsupplements it.

3.1Formal Construction of My argument

  1. If most of the current inhabitants of the United States came from other lands, then they should not deny other people from getting to the country, too. Hardin brings in the point of shutting the door after one has entered.

  2. Where there is a chance that new immigrants to the United States are bound to bring in high cases of crime into the country, then current inhabitants of the country also have the likelihood to engage in crime.

  3. Crime, therefore, exists among both current and new immigrants to the country. Therefore, the issue of immigration should not be argued based on whether is will import crime.

  4. As well, all people have freedom to come to the country.

  5. They migrant populations have the same rights just as current populations in the country.

  6. is not bad

1Thisargument can be put symbolically as follows




4.A (MP, 2,3)

5.B (MP, 1,4)



Hardin,G (1974). Living on a Lifeboat Areprint from BioScience


Myfamily background is in Syria, a Middle East country that iscurrently faced by conflict triggering expansive immigration toEuropean countries and the US. The US has offered a favorable climatefor Syrian immigrants to attain high education besides reunitingfamilies. Since the onset of Syrian war, the country has been facedwith quite a number of economic challenges that have made Syria to beclassified as middle income state. Additionally, household incomeshave reduced an issue that had negative impact on families’ abilityto cater for my education. On my case, I value education and I amcommitted to look for opportunities outside Syria that would not onlyexpose me to future success but also to get financial stability toassist my family members in the US and relatives in Syria.

SyriaMigration Wave to the US

In2014, more than 80,000 Syrian immigrants were staying in the US. Eventhough this number was low as compared to other immigrants, Syrianshave continued to enter the country for the last two years. Keyfactors that have caused the migration wave from the Middle Eastcountry include religious conflicts and political instability. Forexample, in the19thand 20thcenturies, immigrates consisted of Christians who were running awayfrom Ottoman region. The second wave was as result of 1965 and Nationality Act (OECD46). The Act put to an end the quotas system and createdopportunities for Syrian who wanted to reside in the US. Notably,Muslims immigrants benefited from safety from war, reunification withrelatives, education opportunities, and employment. In 1960, thenumber of immigrants stood at approximately 17,000 which increased tomore than 55,000 in 2000. By 2010, the number increased by 9% toreach 60,000, and further increasing by 43% in 2014 due to the warthat erupted in 2011 (Jie 75). For the last few months, refugees fromSyria have migrated in great number to the US. By the end of 2016,the Obama government indicates that more than 10,000 of Syrian whoare fleeing from the current war will enter the US. On its part, theUS government provides humanitarian protection to immigrants throughtemporary protected status (TPS), refugee resettlement as well asasylum status.

Causesthat Brought Syrians to the United States and Struggles they Faced

Oneof the primary factors that triggered the exodus of Syrians to the USwas loss of hope. Having started in 2011, Syrian war has now enteredfifth year and as the result of lack of peace deal, Syrians are indesperation. The prolonged war has negatively impacted on thepolitical and economic development of the Syria and in turn there arescant education opportunities. It is worth to note that prior to thewar, education was highly valued and most of the citizens wanted toattend local schools. Aid shortfalls in Syria for thousands ofdisplaced residents have also resulted into the large number ofimmigrants (OECD42).Even though many countries are willing to provide humanitarianassistance to Syrians, conflicts and ISIS operations are majorobstacles for such aids. Once they are entering the United States,Syrians are exposed to rigorous security checks as compared to anyother immigrants in the states. The White House adopted the securitystrategy especially after Paris attack in 2015. The US House ofRepresentative and governors also protested immigration program byarguing that the immigrants were threatening states security. Thelong and arduous journey into the United States was also a majorchallenge faced by refugees. Notwithstanding the tiresome travellingand limited basic commodities during the journey, immigratesnavigated complex network set up the US government as well asresettlement process. In addition, language barrier was a majorfactor that limited Syrians integration into the US society. Sincemajorities are poor English speakers, they face problems whencommunication with the white Americans as compared to otherimmigrants.

Illegal Today

Asmore countries are involved in tribal and political conflicts, thenumber of illegal immigrants is continuing to rise. In turn, nationshave put in place measures that are focused on curbing this trend.After decades of increasing illegal immigrates in the US, the numberhas stabilized due to legislative strategies being implemented by theObama administration. In 2014, illegal immigrants stood at 11.1million down from 12.2 million in 2007. In 2016, the immigrants stillremain at 11.1 million. Majority of undocumented immigrants areresiding in Mexico (Kleyn 57). However, based on the improving Mexicoeconomy and tighter border security, the number of immigrantsentering the US has significantly reduced. Sub-Saharan Africa andAsia act as the major source of illegal immigrant with the formercontributing up to 37.5% while the latter has increased to 11.5%.

Viewson Making Illegal

Iagree with making immigration illegal. First, it is an avenue throughwhich government programs are abused. According to the United Stateslaw, a child born in the US, even though the parents are illegalimmigrants, becomes a citizen. This implies that such a child is nowunder the federal programs and with the high number of illegalimmigrants, the government systems will be overburdened in future.Secondly, the rising insecurity and terrorism activities may be dueto free immigration. Due to lack of closer monitoring or tracing onimmigrants, the crime level will raise despite efforts by the statesgovernment to deal with terror activities. Thirdly, immigration hasresulted into overpopulation (Arnold 28). The US population hasrecently continued to increase, an aspect that has also causedoverburdening of government services. This can also result tocompromising the quality of services provided to Americans resultinginto low level of patriotism for the US tax payers.


Mykey reasons to migrate to the US in 2012 were to seek for educationand safety. As a Syrian, I Value education but the war that startedin 2011, has made the country’s education systems to deteriorateresulting to more young people migrating to the United States. Asnoted in the paper, the migration wave of Syrian started back in 19thand 20thcentury. These earlier movements were due to religion war betweenvarious provinces in Syria. However, as political conflict emerge inthe 21stcentury and raising terror activities, Syrian have treated UnitedStates as their new home. Despite the humanitarian services providedby Obama administration through (TPS), refugee resettlement andasylum status, immigrates face various challenges. These includestrict security checks, language barrier and poor working conditions.As the result of strict government migration policies, illegalimmigration is now under control. According to my view, immigrationshould be made illegal to avoid abuse of government programs, lessenoverburdening government systems and mitigate insecurity.


Arnold,Kathleen R. Anti-immigrationin the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia.Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press, 2011. Print.

Kleyn,Tatyana. :The Ultimate Teen Guide.Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2011. Print.

OECD.Connecting with Emigrants: A Global Profile of Diasporas.Paris: OECD, 2012. Print.

Zong,Jie. Profileof Syrian Immigrants in the United States.Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2015. Print.