Industrializationafter the Civil War
“Industrializationafter the Civil War”
“Industrializationin America, after the civil war, had a significant impact on thesociety, economy, and politics”[ CITATION Ree15 l 1033 ].The industrial revolution signified a critical turning point in thehistory of humankind as every side of daily life was majorlyaffected. The revolution had an impact on farming, manufacturing, andgovernment regulations, and also led to a substantial increase inwealth. Industrialization brought aboutenhanced methods of planting and harvesting, breeding, animalkeeping, and the use of fertilizer to improve productivity. Thesteam-powered farm machinery was paramount in ensuring efficiency inworking on the land. Finally, legislative acts such as the HomesteadAct provided ease acquisition of land by farmers[ CITATION Bol12 l 1033 ].The paper delves on the main facets of industrialization society,economics, and politics. It further elucidates on the immigrants,women, and the farmers, and how they were affected byindustrialization. Finally, the study summarizes howindustrialization impacted on the typical life of an averageAmerican.
Threemajor aspects of industrialization
TheAmerican economy exhibited a drastic change during the industrialrevolution as a result of increased productivity. The new railwaysbolstered economic growth as they provided transport means foragricultural produce. Additionally, mining companies benefitted fromthe railways as they transported raw materials to factories, over alonger distance.
Onthe other hand, the society went through a paramount transitionduring the industrial revolution. “One of the major transformationswas that Americans quit farming to find jobs in the factories”[ CITATION Jan15 l 1033 ].The newfactories offered most employment opportunities as farming wasmajorly done using machinery.
Finally,politics were considerably impacted by the industrial revolution. Thepolitical arena was crowded with prominent, wealthy, and corruptbusinessmen, who took government leadership positions. The corruptbusinessmen and political leaders controlled the implementation oflaws and regulations[ CITATION Ree15 l 1033 ].However, the implementation of legislations and major policydecisions were made, favoring the businesses and not the poor workingclass. Politicians cultivated a bad reputation as they discriminatedthe majority poor in the society and helped the lucrative businesses.
Threespecific groups affected by industrialization
Theopening of United States in the West resulted in a high rate ofimmigrants. Discriminatory practices against the immigrants wereepitomized in the workplace where they were paid less than thetypical American worker. Additionally, the Chinese immigrants wereforced to pay tax, during the Gold Rush, for mining gold.Furthermore, the Chinese were restricted from the U.S. by passing ofthe Exclusion Act of 1882[ CITATION Bol12 l 1033 ].The Act prevented Chinese immigration for almost ten years anddenied citizenship for the ones already living in the U.S.
Industrializationhad a significant impact on women. Before the Civil War, women playedthe role of household caretakers. However, industrialization broughtnew responsibilities for the women as they were able to work infactories and farms. After the Civil War, women championed for theirrights as male equals[ CITATION Jan15 l 1033 ].As a result, they were able to gain voting rights and seek employmentopportunities.
Farmerswere significantly affected by the industrial revolution as theytransitioned from being agricultural society into an industrialeconomy and society. The end of Civil War also marked the abolishmentof slavery through the passing of the thirteenth amendment[ CITATION Jan15 l 1033 ].Despite the abolishment of slavery, very little changed for theAfrican Americans they continued to work for their masters, underthe Jim Crow law.
Impactof industrial revolution on American worker
Thetypical American worker experienced a significant change in theworking condition as a result of industrialization. The factoryworking conditions were poor people worked for extended hours andwere paid little wages. Discriminatory practices in the workplacewere common, particularly, against the African American workers.People had to work for many hours during the day, and most of themlived near the workplace.
Industrializationhad a significant impact on education as immigrants coming in theUnited States and the freed slaves sought education. A large numberof immigrants did not speak the English language thus education wasat a higher demand[ CITATION Ree15 l 1033 ].Moreover, enslaved African Americans were taught how to read andwrite to ensure effective communication.
Finally,the living condition in the region was affected as lots of peoplequit farming and sought employment opportunities in the factories.There was a substantial population growth in areas with factories andconstruction of houses on top of others became popular to accommodatethe population influx[ CITATION Bol12 l 1033 ].As a result of overpopulation, the cities’ living conditions becomeunsanitary and uncomfortable.
Theindustrial revolution had a paramount impact on a myriad of aspectsincluding people, the government, economy, and culture. Nevertheless,industrialization had both positive and adverse effects on each ofthe facets mentioned above. The society had to change its way of lifefrom farming to working in factories, but experienced harsh workingconditions. There were a significant economic improvement and alsothe implementation of legislations ensured protection of individuals’rights. Therefore, industrialization had a vital role to play in theevolution of the contemporary America.
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Jansson, B. S. (2015). Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series: The Reluctant Welfare State. Stamford: Cengage Learning.
Rees, J. (2015). Industrialization and the Transformation of American Life: A Brief Introduction. New York: Routledge.