Industrialization in Russia and the United States

Industrializationin Russia and the United States

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TheUnited States and Russia are two superpowers of the modern society.Both countries have some of the largest land masses and havedeveloped infrastructures. History shows that the United States andRussia have undergone various development changes and this hasresulted in some similarities and differences in technology andenergy sources, variations in social structure, pace and timing ofindustrialization. These changes have also affected the size andshape of industries and expressions of social conflict in Russia andthe United States.

Technology

Russiahas had major successes in space technology, military, computing(David, 2016). United States’ technological advancements havemainly been seen in areas such as information technology (Facebookand Microsoft) and the military1.

Energysources

Beingthat both countries rely on technology, energy sources are verycritical. The United States and Russia have their natural energysources. However, Russia is the leading producer of natural gas andstill has some of the largest reserves in the world (David, 2016).The country also produces coal and crude oil. The country exportsmetalssuch as aluminum and steel to various parts of the world. Althoughthe United States alsoitsnatural energy sources, it still imports crude oil from Middle Eastcountries and Africa. The country has invested in alternative sourcesof energy such as solar and wind power and hydroelectricity to meetits local demands.

Socialstructure comparison

WhileRussia is a socialist country, the United States has always adoptedcapitalism. Both countries have the upper, middle and lower classcitizens as defined by their living conditions. Russia can, however,be said to be more conservative. In Russia, there are also mafiagroups and some members of the public are at times forced to pay fortheir security. Consequently, the United States is made up of peoplefrom various countries who have come as immigrants and politicalrefugees among others. The population is both liberal andconservative.

Industries

Russiaand the United States have some of the most successful manufacturersin the world. This has allowed them to trade with other countries.Some of the most prominent industries in Russia are the oil and gascompanies, precious stones and metal factories and military machinerymanufacture firms. Significant developments have also been seen inthe automotive and agricultural sector. The United States economy iscomposed of all sorts of industries. The most blooming industries arethe information technology firms and the military machinery.

Paceand timing of industrialization

Majoradvancements in the United States have been witnessed in medicine,information systems, and energy (David, 2016). In fact, the countryboast of having the largest numbers of billionaires who have madebreakthrough in technology related fields. Initially, Russia wasisolated from the global community, recent changes and tradeagreements have however forced it to become a centrally plannedeconomy. Russia boast of a very strong military.

Therole of the government and expression of social conflict.

Inboth countries, the government has facilitated technologicaldevelopment. Both the United States and Russia have democraticallyelected government. The main differences are however that Russia`ssystem seems to be more conservative compared to the United States.Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has always been tensionbetween the United States and two countries. They have haddifferences in political, social and religious ideologies and thesefactors have resulted in a weak relationship. The United Statestotally rely on the justice arm of the government to solve itsdisputes.

Conclusion

Itis evident that even though Russia and the United States have varioussimilarities and differences in technology and energy sources,variations in social structure of the societies, “pace and timingof industrialization,” “size and shape of industries among otherareas. These differences have affected relations between thecountries.

Bibliography

RobertW. Strayer and Eric W. Nelson, Ways of the World: a Brief GlobalHistory with Sources, Vol.II Includes the Launchpad Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martinas,2016. ISBN-13: 978-1-319-05457-1

David,M. (2016). 11 US–Russia relations in Obama’s second term.&nbspTheObama Doctrine: A Legacy of Continuity in US Foreign Policy?,164.

1 Robert W. Strayer and Eric W. Nelson, Ways of the World: a Brief Global History with Sources, Vol. II Includes the Launchpad Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martinas, 2016. ISBN-13: 978-1-319-05457-1