Globalgovernance and sovereignty
Globalgovernance is a relatively modern concept that has receivedsubstantial attention from researchers and international leaders.There are myriad definitions of global governance, describing variousaspects of the concept. Global governance can be described as therules, policies, regulations, and institutions that comprise andfacilitate international relationships between businesses, states,citizens, and markets1.However, global governance is neither a central authority nor a worldgovernment. On the other hand, sovereignty is the absolute authorityof a state over its territory and citizens, and also the independenceand global recognition by other nations as a sovereign state. Theconcept of sovereignty can be traced back in antique, during theTreaty of Westphalia in the 1600s2.
Bothglobal governance and sovereignty have systems of rules, policies,and strategies through which authority is exercised to ensureefficiency and smooth running of operations, to meet thepredetermined objectives3.Nevertheless, global governance mechanisms are in the form ofinternational organization, treaties, customary international laws,and formal and informal rules, among others. On the other hand,national sovereignty constitutes a significant component of globalgovernance. The sovereignty of a state is usually disputed becauseits political power is compromised by both external and internalfactors. There are concerns about the legitimacy of states because ofthe increased regional and international interdependence. Sovereignstates do not have the ability to provide adequate essential goodsand services to their people without international assistance4. The principle of sovereignty is challenged because the internationalcommunity has the right to intervene and provide aid to states duringgrave humanitarian crises. Therefore, it is evident that there is atransfer of sovereignty from nations to individuals.
Cohen, Jean L. Globalization and Sovereignty: Rethinking Legality, Legitimacy, and Constitutionalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Deibert, Ronald J, and Masashi Crete-Nishihata. "Global Governance and the Spread of Cyberspace Controls." Global Governance, 18, 2012: 339-361.
Guzzini, Stefano , and Iver B Neumann. The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy Meets Foucault. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Love, Maryann Cusimano . Beyond Sovereignty: Issues for a Global Agenda. Boston: Cengage Learning, 2011.
1 Cohen, Jean L. Globalization and Sovereignty: Rethinking Legality, Legitimacy, and Constitutionalism. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 84.
2 Deibert, Ronald J, and Masashi Crete-Nishihata. "Global Governance and the Spread of Cyberspace Controls." Global Governance, 18, (2012): 339-361.
3 Guzzini, Stefano , and Iver B Neumann. The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance: International Political Economy Meets Foucault. (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), 76.
4 Love, Maryann Cusimano . Beyond Sovereignty: Issues for a Global Agenda. (Boston: Cengage Learning, 2011), 355.