Iron Deficiency Anemia


IronDeficiency Anemia

Irondeficiency anemia is a disorder whereby the erythrocytes have less orno hemoglobin. The iron in the hemoglobin protein helps transferoxygen from the lungs to different parts of the body. Anemia occurswhen there is an inadequate iron intake in the body leading to lessred blood cells production, which eventually results in insufficienthemoglobin making(Blake, Munoz, &amp Volpe, 2010).Consequently, the body uses the iron stored in the body tissues, andon depletion, the subject suffers from anemia. Thus, anemia causeschest pain, breath shortness and body tiredness. The effects ofsevere anemia are heart disorders, bugging, and even stunted growth.

Food Items

Nutritional Importance


  • Whole grain bran cereal with whole milk

  • Egg York

  • Apple

  • Whole grain bran cereal is an essential meal of the day. For this reason, it needs to be often taken and in plenty since it provides the body with sufficient energy.

  • Cereals are a source of carbohydrates, which provides energy to the body, makes one fuller. It’s high fiber content, aids in digestion as it relieves constipation. It reduces the risk of obesity for it contains elements, such as proteins, vitamins, mineral salts like iron, and magnesium that takes part in building bones, and releasing energy for tissue muscles. Also, it contains selenium an antioxidant that protects cells from oxidation, hence appropriate for body immunity.

  • Remarkably, egg York is known to be rich in heme iron. Additionally, egg York encompasses Vitamin K, E, D, and A in consort with omega-3 fats. It as well contains folate and nutrients choline, which are essential for persons suffering from anemia.

  • Milk contains almost all nutrients required by humans. Proteins, and casein, which speed up the absorption of minerals, like calcium and phosphorous. Additionally, they stabilize mood during stressful times and reduces blood pressure. On the other hand, calcium enhances bone, and teeth formation, muscle contraction, the transmission of nerve signals, clotting of blood, dilating and contracting blood vessels. Phosphorus is a component of cell membranes, majorly phospholipids also required for bone and tooth formation. It is as well a buffering factor in acid-base balance, and the element of DNA, and RNA

  • Apple has carbohydrates, vitamin C, fiber, polyphenol, which slow down carbohydrate digestion as well as several antibodies (Clark, 2008).


  • Apricot

  • Almond nuts

  • Mango juice

  • Apricot, which is a dry fruit, is rich in iron and dietary fiber.

  • It is also known to comprise Vitamin A, which assist in immune system function, the growth of soft tissues, helps in maintaining healthy skin, and good eyesight.

  • Apricot also have potassium a mineral that helps in blood circulation and in preventing stroke. Likewise, it has fiber that assist in sustaining healthy blood sugar and the level of cholesterol in the blood.

  • Almonds provide carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fiber, antioxidants, and vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects cells from oxidative stress.

  • Magnesium improves the function of insulin

  • Mango juice is a nutritional source of Vitamin B6 as well as Dietary fiber, which is necessary for growth.


  • Chicken

  • Whole wheat pasta

  • Beans

  • Green Tea

  • Chicken provide proteins, which contribute to the formation of muscles, bones, cartilage, blood, hormones, enzymes.

  • It also contains vitamins that provide energy in the body,

  • zinc functions in biochemical reactions, proper immune system functioning, quickens wound healing, maintains healthy immune system, and enhances the perception of taste, averts age-related macular deterioration,

  • Iron takes part in oxidation-reduction metabolism, transport of oxygen, and carbon dioxide gasses in blood a necessity in macrophage and lymphocyte, free radical damage protection (Gowanlock,&nbspSriram,&nbspMartin,&nbspXenocostas, ALazo-Langner, 2016).

  • Wheat contains antioxidants and vitamin B like thiamine, which enhances ATP production during carbohydrate metabolism, aids in nerve impulse transmission, and pentose ( a precursor of DNA and RNA) synthesis.

  • Folate blend of amino acids, counters heart disorders and cancer. In the fetus, it prevents neural tube disorders, anencephaly, spina bifida.

  • Niacin enhances healthy skin cells, proper digestive system functioning, and lower cholesterol content in the blood system. Riboflavin enables the functionality of other B vitamins and takes part in carbohydrate metabolism in oxidation phase (Gowanlock,&nbspSriram,&nbspMartin,&nbspXenocostas, ALazo-Langner, 2016)

  • Beans contain protein, zinc, iron, dietary fiber, folate, potassium, thiamine magnesium.

  • Magnesium acts as a co-factor for some metalloenzymes in fats, proteins, and carbohydrates metabolism. Likewise, it takes part in cartilage and bone matrix formation,

  • Iodine is necessary for thyroid, regulates rates of reproduction, metabolism, energy production during the TCA cycle, functioning of nerves, muscles, and heart. Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme in metabolism, purposely for protein breakdown. It counters heart disorder risks, helps in the manufacture of hemoglobin in erythrocytes, and necessary in the formation of essential amino acids.

  • B12 aids in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine participate in the Krebs TCA cycle, and cellular production, mostly red blood cells.

  • Pantothenic acid is part of coenzyme A, which is involved in carbohydrate fat, and protein synthesis, cholesterol,

  • neurotransmitter acetylcholine, as well as steroid bones, manufacture.

  • Copper, a component of metal-containing enzymes and proteins, helps in energy synthesis, connects structural protein collagen and elastic in the connective tissues. Besides, it aids in melanin production, protects cells against free radical damage riboflavin, niacin (Nurko, 2016).

  • Green Tea consists of nutrients and antioxidants, which assists in regulating blood pressure as well as reducing the chances of contracting the illness, such as cancer.


  • Tuna

  • Spinach

  • Blackberries

  • Hot Cocoa with Milk

  • Tuna provides DHA and APA omega-3 fatty acids, which reduces the risk of coronary diseases.

  • Vitamin A contributes to vision, reproduction, healthy bone formation, the manufacture of proteins and cell differentiation, may curb cancer risk as carotenoids are antioxidants.

  • Vitamin C is a co-enzyme in most metabolic processes. It transforms proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids into ATP for energy synthesis, and anti-oxidation property.

  • Sodium is an electrolyte, hence regulates fluid balance in the cells. It takes part in muscle contraction and nerve transmission, nutrient transport, food flavoring, and preservation of potassium, calcium, and iron.

  • Spinach is low in fat, comprise Vitamin B6, A, C, E, and K, Copper, Manganese, Potassium, Zinc, fiber, iron, and Phosphorous. In simple terms, spinach is loaded with adequate nutrients required for an individual suffering from anemia.

  • Berries are rich in vitamin C, myricetin, cyaniding-3 glucose, ellagic acids, lignans, most of which are antioxidants, thus help in fighting cancer (Nurko, 2016).

  • Hot Cocoa with Milk is essential for treating diseases and maladies. Also, it helps in blood circulation and oxygen in the brain.


  • Water maintains acid-base balance and helps in absorption of nutrients as it dissolves quickly. More so, it aids in digestion, enhances transport of nutrients and other materials all through the body, including, waste materials from the cells. It keeps the body temperature normal, lubricate the joints, provides protection to organs through cushioning.


SoyProducts.(2016). ChooseMy Plate.Retrieved 20 November 2016, from

Nurko,S. (2016). ChronicCare for Anemia 20 November 2016, from

GowanlockZ,&nbspSriramS,&nbspMartinA,&nbspXenocostas,ALazo-LangnerA(2016). [Anemiain the elderly – three steps towards diagnosis]. – PubMed – 20 November 2016, from

CH,L. (2016). ThePrevalence of Anemia and Moderate-Severe Anemia in the US Population(NHANES 2003-2012). – PubMed – 20 November 2016, from

Nutrition:From Science to You.(2008). PowerPoint Slides. Class lectures, Chapter 5 – 20.