Journal Responses


Oil,Smoke, and Mirrors

Inthe film Oil, Smoke, and Mirrors, there is the argument that oil andgas peak is already reached. Despite governments, leaders, andstakeholders denying this argument, it is imperative for the publicto be informed. According to the film, availability of cheap oil andgas has pushed the supply of oil to its peak. This is as a result ofthe high dependency on oil today (Klare, 2012). People’s use of oiland gas in every aspect of their daily life is a threat to energyresources. Additionally, the effort to match demand with supply ispushing oil reserves to the limit. It is no longer an expectation butrather, oil peak is a reality we are currently living in.

Inmy opinion, I agree with the arguments. This is because presently,the major oil reserves are in the hands of only a few powerfulnations. Such significant power has, therefore, limited access toresources for the majority. Concerning events of 911 lack ofconclusive information from investigations is questionable. Inagreement with the sentiments in the film, the scant informationoffered by the American government is dissatisfactory. The war thatsparked after the tragedies is likely to have been for oil benefitsand not against terrorism. After the tragedies, U.S.A together withsome other western nations went after these Arab countries. The mainagenda clearly has not been to fight terrorism but to have control ofoil and gas.

Whena realist views claims of a war on terrorism in relation to oil andgas, this is a race to power. The main agenda remains to be that ofgrabbing as much oil and gas as possible. It is also realistic to seethat oil peak is currently being experienced. War started after 9/11is an excuse for governments to gain control of oil and gas. I agreethat this is a race to deal with oil peak and despite the lack ofacknowledgment, there will be more chaos created to address theshortage of energy.

Prosand Cons of Interdependence

Interdependencerefers to when two or more parties mutually agree to rely on eachother. On matters of economy, interdependence is as a result of theglobalization of economies. Globalization means that the globe isincreasingly interconnecting. This continuous interrelation isbrought by large-scale trade and cultural exchange. It is throughsuch historical transformation that economic growth has beenwitnessed in recent time. This also improves democracy among nationsand reduces levels of poverty. However, there are negative resultsthat have been brought by globalization. They include lowering ofdeveloped economies, while the notion of reducing the poverty gapremains to be seen.

Globalizationhas so far been an active force in the world of trade. It is by faran effective way to impact the availability of goods and services. Incountries where prices had always been too high for consumers,globalization has improved on the price range as well the quality ofproducts and services. This has greatly favored the customersregarding satisfaction when they spend their money. To the serviceprovider, the returns they get are worth the effort they put in theirwork. Being in a global economy also offers an opportunity forinvestment. In return, developing economies also get a chance to bein business with bigger markets. Following such investments, there ishope for developing countries. Globalization is also seen as anopening to educating and improving literacy in developing countries.

Incontrast, globalization has been viewed as a threat to the success ofadvanced nations. Interdependence between developed and developingcountries means that both parties have to produce on the same level.The standard of production, therefore, lowers to match that ofdeveloping countries. It is argued that such circumstances loweroverall standard of the highly-rated producers. Additionally, theeconomic gap between the poor and developed nations has not yet beensealed.

TheEnd of Poverty

Accordingto the film, the problem of globalization seems to go hand-in-handwith aspects of poverty. The issue of so many nations being stuck inpoverty has been recurrent for decades. The effort to promoteglobalization should be for the betterment of economies all over theglobe. However, this is not the sole goal of globalization. Themajority of developed economies take advantage of this course tobenefit them.

Unfetteredglobalization refers to uninhibited kind of globalization. Thisshould mean that all the nations be unified without restrictions.However, the concept seems to be deceit by those in power (Lechner,2000). If the idea of globalization was genuinely practiced, allnations would have access to all products and services in equalmeasure. This is yet to be seen as the developed economies have sofar used globalization as a tool to reap profits from the poor.Proponents of unfettered globalization, in turn, have ensured thatglobalization remains to be only a concept. It is to them a conceptthat they only implement when it favors them. Despite the hope todevelop a unified economy and exchange culture, the proponents haveremained in support of ‘seasonal’ globalization. This way, thepolarization of the globe is witnessed.

Thefilm has expanded my understanding of globalization and the aspect ofpoverty. It shows how the matter of globalization is supposed to beunconstrained. I have also learned that without such decision to haveunfettered globalization, then only a few in power remain to benefit.Globalization will, therefore, be a myth to the many that areexploited using this concept.

BeyondOur Differences

Spiritualityand religion have been sensitive topics that more often than notspark debate. Sprouting of so many religious groups and beliefs hascontributed to the controversy on matters of religion. Despite allthese differences, the film emphasizes the importance of having acommon ground of faith. It explains the force that religious holds tohuman existence. The mere fact that we all believe in a greater powerencourages people to believe in the greater good. Despite all thefaith and beliefs, there are others that feel that religion drawsconflict with those that object.

Thefilm shows that religion is a powerful tool which can impact lives ifused for good. The difference in ideology will not matter if thereare understanding and respect to whichever faith each person believein. About 95% of the human population believes in a higher power thatis above them (Carroll, 2003). The population in different ways hashope in change and goodness in everyone. For example, Taliban lawsthat were set in Afghanistan were a violation of human rights. Forthose involved in setting such rules, they are implementing whatMuslim religion stands for. However, to those that object, this isnot in line with their faith, and it is oppression to the believers.

Sucha case is a negative effect of religion. It is due to such individualcases that I conquer with the fact that the world has put so muchfocus on the negatives. Despite the misconceptions that some peoplehold, religion is not the enemy. Rather, those who are misled intonegative beliefs cause greater harm and they eventually corruptreligion. Overall, religion has been of fundamental value to theworld as a whole. It has humanized people and given hope to many.Focusing on the adverse effects only fade the good that religion hasbrought to the world.

ThisChanges Everything

Capitalismis when a country’s trade and industrial economy is owned byindividuals instead of the public. This means that the infrastructureand resource available in that nation is controlled by the wealthy.This number accounts for the small percentage which dominates theeconomy. The climate crisis is one that should be dealt with urgencyotherwise the environment will be doomed. If the bigger share of thepopulation gets a say in matters of the environment, there is boundto be a long-term solution to this problem (Smith, 2014). Even thoughgreen capitalism seems like the ultimate solution to preventingglobal warming, the presence of capitalism is threatening.

Thepresence of capitalists and the amount of power they are offered tocontrol the environment is a threat to the climate. In my opinion,there can be a peaceful and productive coexistence between theenvironment and investors. However, the arrogance that comes withcapitalism is unfortunate. Those who suffer include the lessfortunate, who are exposed to the fossil and waste produced byindustries. These are the industries that are run by the capitalistswho have full control of these toxic-emitting industries.

Despitethe effort to prevent global warming due to pollution, there havebeen no significant changes in the industrial world (Smith, 2014).Proponents of green capitalism continue to make it impossible for anyprogress on the issue of the climate crisis. In my view, unlesscapitalism is phased out there will be no progress in ensuring globalwarming is curbed. The only way to deal with the climate crisis willbe for the state to give the public the power to make decisions. Thestate can do this by publicizing industries and give the public anopportunity to have a say on matters that affect the environment.


Carroll,J. (2003). Why religion still matters. Dædalus.pp. 9 – 13.

Klare,M. (2012, March 13). A Tough-Oil World: Why High Gas Prices Are Hereto Stay. Retrieved from:

Lechner,F. (2000). The Globalization Website – Issues. Retrieved from:

Smith,R. (2014, January 9). Green Capitalism: The God That Failed.Retrieved from: