KEY HISTORICAL EVENTS 4
Before1975, more than half of the disabled children in America were eitherexcluded from public school setting or inappropriately educated. Todeal with this issue, amendments were made on the Individuals withDisabilities Education Act (IDEA) (Bateman,2014).Indeed, these amendments had a significant improvement in meeting theneeds of children living with disabilities. Firstly, accountabilityadvancedin the special education programat the state level. Disabled students would participate in thestatewide assessments. Secondly, amendments simplified the burdensomeprocedural provisions, and dealt with serious problems such asrestrictive discipline procedures. The amendments sought to improvethe school safetyand at the same time protect disabled students. It stated thedisciplinary measures that teachers would follow when dealing withthese children. Thirdly, the role of parents in determining the idealenvironment for the education of their disabled children increased.
Thespecial education law achieved the initial goals of the IDEA. Itbecame a legal right for every disabled child to access public schoolprograms, as well as to acquire appropriate education at no cost(Aron and Loprest,2012).Disabled students now have an individualized education program (IEP),which they receive inthe leastrestrictive environment. Further, IDEA required states to offer thestudents with related educational services such as transportation andmedical services to maintain them in school. The current governinglaw requires all the local education agencies to identify allchildren living with disabilities not considering whether they areenrolled in public, private, or parochial schools.
Inmy view, these amendments had a positive impact in protecting therights of disabled children. Previously, the fate of theseindividuals appeared to be dim, but this has totally changed.They now receive educationjust like any other student. Besides, there are sufficientinfrastructure and special education teachers and specialists tofacilitate their learning.
Aron,L., & Loprest, P. (2012). Disability and the educationsystem. Thefuture of Children, 22(1),97-122.
Bateman,B. (2014). IDEA and learning disabilities: Perspectives, problems,and proposals. Specialeducation pater,present, and future: Perspectives from the field,11-37.