Lateadulthood is mostly considered to be the period in one’s life whenone begins to age or has aged. This period begins at the age ofsixty-five. It is characterized by some physical, physiological, andpsychological changes in the body. Some of the people at this stagealso experience some health and psychological complications such asdementia, which are mostly associated with aging. Mrs. R. N is adivorced lady aged 65 and a mother of three, with five grandchildren.She worked for a telephone company for 26 years although shecompleted her 4-year college in 2013. Her hobbies include footballgames, going to the movies, cooking, as well as dancing.Thelate adult analysis is on Mrs. R.N.
Cognitiveand Socio-emotional Changes in Late Adulthood
Asdisplayed by Mrs. R. N, people often experience changes in theircognitive ability and thinking processes during late adulthood. Mrs.R. N shared that she does not remember as much as she used to duringthe earlier stages of life. She explained to me that her memory hasbeen degrading with age and that in the present times she tends toforget a lot. Her case is, however, not unique. People in their lateryears of adulthood tend to have problems with cognition andinformation processing. This group of individuals, however, retainssome memory of their happy moments, or of events that made them sad.In the case of widows or widowers, they may tend to think that thosepeople around them are their spouses, and may even call them by theirlate spouse’s name.
Mrs.R. N was happy about the life that she had lived. She generouslyshared her many achievements, especially in helping those in need andsharing good times with friends and family. During late adulthood,people tend to reflect back on the life that they lived, and this caneither create a feeling of integrity or despair.
ChallengesExperienced in Late Adulthood
Mrs.R. N shared a lot on this topic. She mentioned that her age has comewith some challenges. First, she stated that she has become verydependable on her children for help in various needs. Second, sheexplains that her poor memory and reduced intellectual ability hasbeen a challenge. Third, she also describes that the age has made herunproductive and that she now has to depend on her children forfinancial assistance and help in doing some basic things at home.This, she says has been very challenging and disadvantageous. Some ofher children have to spend a lot of money on her needs. They also getpsychological stress when she develops a health complication.Additionally, they have to sacrifice much of their productive time toattend to her.
Howthe Challenges of Late Adulthood Influence Life Roles
Thechallenges of late adulthood have effects on the roles that one hasto play in life. Mrs. R. N shared on how the unproductivity hasrestrained her from earning money of her own. She also shared thatdue to the physical and physiological changes brought about by aging,she has been unable to undertake some basic duties such as cleaningthe whole house, which she used to do in her earlier age. She alsoshared that before her children used to look up to her for theprovision of basic needs, but at her current age, challenges such asreduced intellectual ability have hindered her from performing herrole, and instead, depend on her children for the provision of basicneeds.
Thechanges brought about by age prevent one from undertaking the dutiesthat he or she used to do in the earlier age. Most people in this ageexperience health complications, which restrict them to their houses,hospitals, or care centers. Most individuals who are in their lateadulthood are unable to undertake their professional duties, just asshared by Mrs. R. N, due to their physical changes, and the changesin their cognitive ability.
Effectsthat Balancing Life Roles has on Adult Development
Mrs.R. N explained that balancing various issues and responsibilities hashad some effects on her adult development. She shared that the longhours that she used to spend at work could have resulted in some ofthe conditions that she is facing in the current age. She alsosuggested that some life roles are tedious and demanding and thatthese have adverse effects on adult development, especially onpsychological development. Some of the roles of adults aredistressing, and therefore, have significant effects on a person’spsychology during their later developmental stages.
Theissue of parenting and working was pointed out by Mrs. R. N as twomajor roles that have effects on adult development. These are some ofthe issues that one has to go through during the period of adulthood.They are very engaging and eat up a large percentage of anindividual’s adult life. Such roles may deny one a chance toreflect on their self. Mrs. R. N also said that balance between thesetwo issues could be traumatizing as a failure in any of the two leadsto adverse effects such as loss of income, or misbehavior among thechildren.
Lessonsfrom Experiences in Adult Development
Mrs.R. N shared that during adult development, she learned to considerall her roles in a separate manner and that she made sure that sheattended to all of them. She puts that her family is one importantresponsibility that she was keen to focus on. The purpose of this,she says, was because she knew that family is one thing that she willhave to live with. She appreciated that the good work she did inaccomplishing her role of raising her children with love is indeedpaying in her old age, as the same love is given to her by herchildren. She also shared that she learned to cope with stressfulsituations and that she should always avoid getting depressed due tominor issues since these would have adverse effects on her emotionaland psychological states.
Fromthe experiences and the understandings that she shared, I havelearned that it is important for any individual to be in good termswith their family members. With evidence from Mrs. R. N, it is clearthat one’s family is of great importance, especially when one ishelpless. I also learned that maintaining a healthy relationship withself is important. One should ensure that they live an integral life,avoid things that may lead to depression, and show affection to self.By considering these, one’s later stages of adulthood will havelittle or no psychological complications.
SpecificExperiences that will assist in Counseling Adults
Thepsychological experience of adult development is one topic that Iwill employ in counseling adults. As learned from Mrs. R. N, I haveunderstood that psychological issues from the earlier stages of adultlife may disturb an individual during the later stages of adulthood.Therefore, this will be beneficial in counseling adults with regardsto healthy development. Another issue that will assist me incounseling adults is the relationship with family and friends. Duringthe later stages of life, most adults, as learned from Mrs. R. N, areeither affected negatively or benefit from the relationship withtheir families. This will, therefore, be an important thing toconsider when counseling adults.