Nameof Student


Lateadulthood is a period in an individual’s life that is defined byold age. People are said to be in their late adulthood when theyreach the ages of sixty-five and above. People in this stage of life,like any other such as adolescence, experience some physical changesin their bodies. The most visible changes include the wrinkling ofthe skin, change of hair color, and change of behavior. Most of thesechanges are physiological they occur in the inside of the person andresult in physical changes. Ageing also affects the brain thus,affecting the manner in which a person reasons, acts, and behaves.For this interview, I interviewed an eighty-three-year-old widow fromBolton called Mrs. Rosie Nelson. She was helpful in sharinginformation about her experience with late adulthood. Late adulthoodis a late stage of life where one experiences multiple changes.

LateAdulthood Socioemotional and Cognitive Changes

Mrs.Nelson shared that during late adulthood, one experiences somecognitive and socioemotional changes. From an interview with her, shesaid that she has been experiencing some intellectual challengesincluding poor memory and ability to think in the right manner. Sheshared that sometimes she even forgets the names of the people aroundher and would confuse one of her children with another. She alsoshared that she needs to be reminded to eat and do some basicactivities due to her forgetfulness. From what she shared, it isnotable that late adulthood is characterized by brain’s poorability to think and process information. People in this stage alsoexperience some health conditions that alter their cognitive ability.Mrs. Nelson shared that some of her friends developed conditions suchas Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, which really affected theirrelationships, cognitive ability, and behavior.

Mrs.Nelson shared of the changes that had been brought about by lateadulthood. She shared that at this stage, she tended to reflect muchabout her earlier life and that this really affected her emotions andher relationship with people. She had nothing much to complain abouther life in the earlier stages and expressed that she was happy withher achievements, especially in raising her children. She, however,shared that this is the stage where one wishes that they had done alot when they had the ability. She also admitted that she has tostruggle with the feelings of shame and guilt due to her increaseddependency on her children and other people for help, unlike earliertimes when she would totally depend on herself.

PersonalChallenges in Adulthood and their Effects on Family

Mrs.Rosie Nelson brought up some contributions on how the challenges inher late adulthood had affected her family. First, she explained thatoverdependence was a major challenge. This, she said, did not onlyaffect her family but herself too. She mentioned that her children,some of who were now grown and with families, take care of her.Second, she mentioned that finances had been a challenge since shecannot work to generate income for herself. She shared that herfamily members have always been helping her to pay some of her billswhich make her feel guilty. She also thinks that the family has beenstruggling a lot because of her. Third, Mrs. Nelson shared that herreduced cognitive ability has been a great challenge. She said of howshe has to be with someone in the house and this would probably be afamily member. Such a situation eats into the person’s life andhinders them from doing some activities.

Howthe Challenges Influenced Different Life Roles

Thechallenges experienced during late adulthood have some significanteffects on different life roles. From the interview with Mrs. Nelson,it was evident that the changes that occur during late adulthoodhinder one from performing basic duties as they used to in theearlier stages of life. She shared that the reduced cognitive abilitywould not allow her to do professional jobs and pay her bills. Shealso shared that she is no longer the breadwinner of her family sinceage would not allow her to work. These changes, she said, havereduced her productivity and made her dependent on her children.

Effectsof Balancing Life Roles in Adult Development

Duringthe interview, Mrs. Nelson shared that she had to balance variousroles during her adult developmental stages. She shared that shealways had different responsibilities both at work and at home andthat these were both of great importance in her life. She shared thatwork was sometimes stressful and affected her relationship with herfamily members. She, however, shared that she always tried to makeher family happy and always brought them together. She shared thatbalancing these two roles would mostly affect her psychologically andthat some moments were depressing.

Sheshared that during her current stage, she gets emotional disturbancessuch as regret for what she failed to do in her early life. Sheexplained that in the present time, her age forces her to depend onher children, and therefore, making her wish that she had worked hardto make her children even happier when she was younger. She alsoshared that the long hours of demanding work could have resulted inthe psychological effects that she experiences in the current age.

LessonsLearned from the Experiences

Oneimportant thing gained from the experiences is that one should alwaysmaximize the time they have in the current stage they are in. It isimportant that people spend their time in a productive way to preventthem from regretting later in life. They should also plan their timein such a way that their families have sufficiently experienced theirpresence since these are important people in one’s life. Familymembers help one when they are in need and, in a vulnerable conditionto help themselves. In Mrs. Nelson’s case, the family members havebeen of great benefit in her late adulthood stage, and she attributesthis to the love and commitment that she showed them during theearlier stages of life. She also shared that she worked hard toensure that stress does not affect her life since she was sure thatsuch would have a great consequence in her late stage of life. Shealways made sure that she develops a good relationship with people toprevent the development of conditions such as depression.

Experiencesthat will assist in Counselling Adults

Fromthe interview with Mrs. Nelson, and from her experiences, I resolvedthat I will use time factor in counseling adults. She clearly showedthat proper use of time makes one have peace during late adulthood.Appropriate use of one’s time prevents them from regretting laterin life. An appropriate balance of time shared with family and indoing other things is also important. From Mrs. Nelson’sexperiences, I noted that making your family happy by sharing withthem is rewarding during late adulthood. The Proper balance of timemight also prevent one from developing psychological disturbancesthat result from regret and a feeling of uselessness.


Toconclude, an interview with Mrs. Nelson revealed that adulthood is aperiod where one experiences great changes. At this stage, oneexperience changes in their cognitive ability and socioemotionalstate. One’s life during the adult stage matters a lot and tend toaffect their life during late adulthood. Family members also play acritical role in one’s life during this stage.