Driedseeds, leaves, stem and flowers obtained from the hemp of theCannabis Sativa are marijuana. The cannabis plant has a medicinalvalue of a psychoactive drug. Reports and statistics have shown thatmarijuana is the commonest illicit drug among drug users in theUnited States of America. The plant Cannabis Sativa has over 483known compounds with tetrahydrocannabinol (TCH) compound being thecommonly known of all the compounds. The plant Cannabis Sativa hasfound its modern use as a medicinal or recreational drug in the formof marijuana. The psychoactive and psychological are the attributionsthat make Marijuana a recreational drug. Subsequently, marijuana alsohas its usage in some of the religious and spiritual rites. Marijuanafor so many years has been the subject of legal restrictions.
Thedrug marijuana is more potent in this century than it used to be inthe centuries before. The farmers of the Cannabis Sativa plant havebeen able to come up with selective planting and plant breedingtechniques that have come up with a powerful drug (Clement, Yihui,and Zhao, 1). Consequently, the availability of a more powerfulmarijuana drug has resulted in a sharp increase in marijuana-relatedhospital emergency cases. Extensive usage of marijuana just like anyother drug causes the build up a drug tolerance within the bodysystem causes the user to look for stronger drugs to attain the samehigh. The extensive use of the drug marijuana has both short term andlong term to the user (Clement, Yihui, and Zhao, 1). The short-termand long-term effect of marijuana extends from physical effects tothe mental effects.
Theextensive use of marijuana on the mainstream circle and the entiresociety is a subject that elicited debate for so long. Consequently,the debate has resulted in the emergence of a range of opinions fromdifferent quarters such as legalization of marijuana to the effectivemethod of regulating the use of marijuana. Research has it thatmarijuana has numerous medicinal effects that positively affect thefunctioning of the brain as per the content of the paper and thearguments provided by marijuana enthusiast. Marijuana supporters,therefore, present valid reasons as to why marijuana ought to facelegalization. Marijuana supporters emphatically argue that just likealcohol and tobacco, marijuana should also follow the same regulationand face complete removal from the criminal justice system.
Numerousmisconceptions are surrounding the use of the drug marijuana. Lobbygroups and avid drug user of marijuana have been at the forefront intrying to put across the misconceptions and myths about marijuana.One of the myths going around about marijuana is that it kills thebrain cells. Roper stated that instead of killing the brain cells,marijuana affects the cells psychoactively (1). The psycho activationof the brain cells can either have a positive or adverse effect onthe user depending on the activities the user decides to engagethemselves in after smoking marijuana. Roper described that anothermyth that has been in the circulation for a very long time is thatthe marijuana drug makes the smoker unmotivated and lazy (1). Themyth is contrary to the scientific proof that the marijuana drugmakes the user become hyperactive active and even engage themselvesin activities they would not do if they were not high.
Theextensive use of marijuana in the country has elevated the drug tobecoming the largest cash crop in the country. Marijuana enthusiastsargue that the regulation and legalization of marijuana under therule of law will resultantly create jobs and economic opportunities.Marijuana aficionados through the mention of employment creation canconnect with readers because of the tough economic times thatmillions of people are facing now. Currently, the marijuana businessoperates as an illicit business operation in the market butlegalizing and regulating marijuana will immensely affect the formaleconomy in a positive way. Subsequently, the law enforcementresources in circulation to bar the use of marijuana will help in theprotection of public safety and will cut down on courts andcorrectional facilities costs. Marijuana fanatics of the essay arguethat the regulation of marijuana sales will provide new channels ofrevenue acquisition through taxation for both the state and the localgovernments. Marijuana enthusiasts reckon that the tax moneycollected from marijuana sales regulation would be more because ofthe extensive use of marijuana.
Legalizedmarijuana markets should have it that marijuana product testingbecomes standard requirement. Marijuana lobby groups have oftenargued that product testing results to information accessibility tothe consumers about cannabinoid profile and marijuana potency. Theinformation on cannabinoid profile and marijuana potency will go along way in ensuring that consumers are contentiously aware of whatthey engage in through the consumption of the product. Marijuanasupporters, however, acknowledges the fact that there lacks auniversally accepted testing standard of marijuana potency. It is forthat reason that marijuana enthusiasts suggest that the consumers canconsider information requisition from fungicides, pesticides,fertilizer, and the other remnants of remaining components on flowersafter cultivation. Marijuana enthusiasts talk about the significanceof testing as it helps the consumers avoid consuming bacteria,fungus, molds and microbial organisms that have detrimental effectson the consumers of marijuana. Cannabinoid profiles such as theextent and the content of CBD and THC and their concentration in themarijuana ought known to the users. Marijuana enthusiasts furtherargue that the edible cannabis products, which have differentcontents of cannabis, would be better if the novice user knows thecontents.
Awell-regulated market for the distribution and production ofmarijuana is one of the advocacy points of the legalization ofmarijuana through the Drug Policy Alliance. Legislative efforts andhigh-profile campaigns are some of the ways used by the Drug PolicyAlliance to enact change on both the federal and state level.Marijuana enthusiasts who are an avid member of the Drug PolicyAlliance initiated and the historic campaign of Proposition 19 in theCalifornia state. Marijuana regulation and legalization in similitudeto the legalization and regulation had first approval in the statesof Colorado and Washington in 2012. The close relationship betweenthe Drug Policy Alliance together with national allies worked towardsthe drafting of the initiatives. Marijuana enthusiasts explain thatthe aim of the initiatives was raising funds and establishingcoalitions. The legalization of marijuana in Uruguay had the DrugPolicy Alliance deeply involved in the drafting of the legislation.
TheDrug Policy Alliance will endeavor to seek to play a similar role oflegalizing the regulation and distribution of marijuana through thecampaign cycles in 2014 and the years to come. Marijuana enthusiastsemphatically express their expression in the engagement of thelegalization processes. The commitment entails the construction ofunprecedented coalitions, which includes law enforcement, parents,civil rights groups and organized labor. Marijuana enthusiastsexplain the working progress of the Drug Policy Alliance in buildingwide national support aimed at the legalization of marijuana. Thewide national support will predominantly contribute in putting to ahalt the prohibition of marijuana through sustaining and sparking thedebate of legalizing marijuana. The Drug Policy Alliance is at theforefront in advising the elected federal and state leaders on theimplication of legalizing marijuana through their advocacy plans.
Thegovernment and other non-governmental organizations groups that areagainst the use of marijuana have conduct research and statistics onthe use of marijuana in the United States, and the results werealarming. Andruscavage stated that the report indicated that morethan 94 million Americans and the immigrants in America admitted tohaving used marijuana at least once (1). Andruscavage further statedthat the research reports further revealed that children between ages12 to 17 years constituted to slightly above 6% of the users ofmarijuana (1). The United States government also estimates thatdomestic production of marijuana in the last two decades hasincreased tremendously by around tenfold. The research was able toindicate that over 60% of marijuana users who started using the drugwell into their teens, went on to use other hard drugs like cocaineand heroin (Andruscavage, 1). The driver that have had involvement incar accidents apart from alcohol being found in their bodies,marijuana was the second drug found in their bodies as well.
Clements,Kenneth W., Yihui Lan, and Xueyan Zhao. "The Demand forMarijuana, Tobacco and Alcohol: Inter-Commodity Interactions withUncertainty." EmpiricalEconomics39.1 (2010): 203-39. ProQuest.Web.4 Oct. 2014. Retrieved from
DrugPolicy Alliance. MarijuanaLegalization and Regulation.2014. 16 Oct. 2014.
Roeder,Tom. "Debate Highlights Medical Marijuana Controversy."McClatchy- Tribune Business NewsAug19 2010. ProQuest.Web.4 Oct. 2014
Roper,Pete. "Legalizing Pot Wouldn`t Affect Medical Marijuana, OwnerSays." McClatchy- Tribune Business NewsFeb29 2012. ProQuest.Web.4 Oct. 2014
DrugPolicy Alliance. 10Facts about Marijuana. 2014.3 March. 2014.