Long and Short Term Effects of Dental Cries in School Age Children Abstract



Longand Short Term Effects of Dental Cries in School Age Children


Theaim of the essay is to discuss the prevalence of tooth decay inschool going children, as well as the extent of damage that it cando. The occurrence of dental caries has become an issue of hugesignificance and it is necessary to understand the conceptclearly.Dental caries is a serious condition that causes muchinconvenience and discomfort to children, thus affecting themphysically, emotionally and psychologically. It is thereforenecessary to understand the extent of the condition and take properaction to deal with the occurrence. The extent of seriousness of thecondition is an issue can be felt in all angles, and thereforethrough intensified analysis, the matter can be dealt with in acalculated manner. Dental analysts argue that early discovery ofdental caries in children will help prevent the occurrence of all theeffects mentioned in detail in the study below. The study thereforeis an analysis of all the consequences of advanced dental caries inchildren, and how it affects their daily life.

Toothdecay is a common condition that occurs during childhood and itcontinues to be a major public health problem. The study thereforelooks at identifying the occurrence o caries in school going childrenand understanding the extent of the condition and the effect that ithas. The prevalence of the condition is often associated with oralhygiene practice, sugar consumption and the implementation of thepreventive oral health program. The condition is among the mostprevalent chronic diseases affecting human beings irrespective ofage, sex, and race as well as socioeconomic status. Epidemiologicalsurveys are necessary for the monitoring of trends that are relatedto dental caries, and the detection of the condition has beenperformed at a cavitation level (Carson &amp Freeman, 2011).Toothdecay occurs in a large number of pupils and the rates are increasingat an alarming rate. There is evidence revealing that the treatmentof the affected teeth may lead to quick addition of weight and thedevelopment rapidity of treated children. It also has negativeeffects on the development of children in school (Carson &ampFreeman, 2011). Research on the issue reveals that, in children, itaffects the growth as well as the overall well-being of the affectedchild. The condition is also referred to as indentation decline andit occurs because of a bacterial infection that causes the release oflactic acid. The acid causes the demineralization of the outersurface of the tooth that is the enamel. The paper discusses the longterm and short-term effects of the disease in school age children.

Theprogression of the condition causes the destruction of organicmaterials, and this is when the cavity is formed. The conditionprogresses in different stages and these stages begin to form thefirst acid attacks to the destructive stage where the inner pulpcavity is affected (Carson &amp Freeman, 2011). The first stage isthe appearance of chalky white spots on the tooth surface, whichsignify the demineralization of the tooth enamel (Ng, 2011).It is atthis time that the enamel begins to weaken, though demineralizationcan occur with use of saliva material as well as optical fluids. Thesecond stage is the point at which demineralization outruns thedemineralization process and the lesion begins to increase in size(Ng, 2011). The enamel, at this point, starts to chip off, and thedamage is permanent in nature and cannot be restored. If thecondition is left untreated, then the decay continues and causesdamage to the dentin (Sheiham, 2012).The remaining bacteria eats awaythe subsurface enamel thus leading to the formation of a cavity. Atthis stage, the decay will need cavity filling, and this wouldrequire the assistance of a dentist. If the person does not see thedentist at this time, then the pulp slowly becomes damaged and thenbacteria invade the pulp cavity. In this phase, root canal therapywill be needed to avoid further damage to the pulp (Sheiham, 2012).The next stage is the formation of abscess around the root, and asthe infection builds up, the infection spreads to the bone whichresults in long lasting tooth pain. The tooth then becomesfunctionless and therefore would need to be extracted at theparticular point.


Findingsand Discussions

Accordingto Sheiham,the percentage weight categories of children who havedental caries is often lower than those without it (Sheiham,2012).Dental caries is a serious condition that could lead tocritical complications in the child if it is not treated sooner.Treating the disease in these children significantly improves theliving standards of such pupils. Studies show that advanced toothdecay is occurs regularly in schoolchildren of many countries(Sheiham, 2012).It was obtained that children with the condition hadless overall weight than their peers. Furthermore, those who weretreated were able to quickly gain weight and experience improvedquality of their life. One theory is that the treatment of thecondition may be linked to increased appetite. Dietary intake in suchchildren significantly improved because pain affects the quantity aswell as the variety of the food eaten (Paula &ampMialhe,2013).Furthermore, long term infection of the gums as well asswelling in the mouth is common among children affected by thecondition.. Dental care objectives have shifted from the causes ofthe condition to the effects that the condition has on the overallhealth of the children (Paula &amp Mialhe, 2013). Though theattention s has changed in the treatment of the condition, theseriousness of the condition of school growing children has beenignored. From the health and wellness perspective of school pupils, alarge percentage of the condition is left to deteriorate andcomplications from the condition are common in school going children(Paula &amp Mialhe, 2013). If the condition remains untreated, itwill have significant effects on the overall condition of thesestudents.

Designsand Methods

Thedesigns of study included systematic approaches of studying the datagiven to determine the relevance of study. The method of studyinvolved the use of qualitative methods to understand the occurrenceof long and short-term dental caries in school going children. Astudy was carried out in 50 children from nearby schools to assessthe occurrence of dental caries.Evidence was then carried todetermine the extent of the condition as well as the effect of thecarries on these children and their lives. Using this evidence,relevant data was then retrieved concerning these children and theimpact that the caries had in their lives. The research revealed that80% of these students had to miss school due to complications relatedto dental caries and the same percentage complained of discomfortrelated to the condition. There are treatment procedures in place tohelp eradicate dental pain as well as pulpitis, and this enhancesgrowth and wellbeing of such young children (Paula &amp Mialhe,2013). Tooth decay in students will cause discomfort in children andtherefore affect the weight of these children as well as the abilityto reach their full academic potential (Ramos-Jorge, Pordeus,Ramos-Jorge, Marques, &amp Paiva, 2013). A review of the conditionsrelated to tooth decay reveals that it is connected to failure tothrive in healthy children. Furthermore, the effects of treatmentaffect patients who have tooth decay and therefore it is necessary todeal with the condition before it becomes complicated. Morerevelations on the effectiveness of treatment conditions targetingtooth decay come from research conducted on a number of affectedstudents, which has proven to be effective in the treatment of thecondition (Ramos-Jorge et al., 2013).The occurrence of tooth decayoften affects the nutritional intake of affected children. Schoolgoing children exhibiting signs of the condition should be treated asquickly as possible. There is proof that dental treatment will oftenbe followed by significant weight gain in such children. Before alldental treatment, it has been revealed that the burden of affectedchildren often less than that of others (Paula &amp Mialhe, 2013).Children with unhealthy diets easily pick up the condition and itoften affects their overall health as well as the well-being of theirteeth. However, in the long term, dental caries is connected to lowweight as well as stunted growth in youth.

Toothdecay often causes excess pain in the affected person and thereforeone eats less since eating is painful (Ramos-Jorge et al., 2013). Ifthe situation complicates, it makes any oral activity uncomfortableand since the affected child does not eat as much as they should, thegrowth is affected (Ramos-Jorge et al., 2013). Noticeable signs ofthe condition include changed sleeping habits and less appetite dueto the pain caused by tooth decay in such children. Disturbed sleepmay have an effect on the glutecosteroid distribution in children(Paula &amp Mialhe, 2013). However, the cases of children beingaffected severely are minimal, though tooth decay causes reduced foodintake in affected children. Those students with the conditiongenerally endure more suffering and discomfort as compared to thosewithout the condition. Due to increased level of the occurrence inyoung children, the levels of absenteeism have been high and morechildren are being hospitalized. It also affects schoolchildrenbecause it indirectly leads to increased days of reduced activity andthe absence from school, thus diminishing the ability of thesechildren to learn (Paula &amp Mialhe, 2013).Tooth decay affects theperformance of students, and is also of much inconvenience to theparents because they have to spend time taking their children fortreatment, instead of doing other meaningful activities. Themanagement of affected schoolchildren has a major impact on themental as well as the social aspects of the life of such children.These improvements include such factors as improved physical state aswell as increased appetite. Another reading reveals that theseimprovements to the child include the ability to eat more andconcentrate on other activities. There will be improved educationalperformance by such a child as well as increased social interactionand improved educational performance.

Untreateddental decay will cause swelling and the persistent inflation isuncomfortable for the child, and the pain to the tooth will affectthe nerve as well (Halikis, 2013). In addition to these, thecomplications due to the condition adversely affect the oralcapacities of the child and therefore eating as well as drinking willbe adversely affected (Halikis, 2013). It such a condition, a childwould have to receive rapid treatment, which will ensure that thenormal capacities of the child are not affected. Tooth decay is thetone of one of the most serious conditions affecting the youth, andthe possible systematic effects of the condition can be reflected inthe growth pattern of these children (Halikis, 2013). It has beenproven that young people affected by chronic tooth decay have lessweight as compared to their age mates and furthermore they haveexhibited growth retardation as well as &quotcatch-up growth&quotafter treatment. Children with rampant cases of dental caries haveless height as well as lower weight as compared to their equals(Halikis, 2013). The underlying reasons for slow growth include theoccurrence of such issues as a toothache and infection that altersleeping habits. Furthermore, they also influence the dietary intakeas well as physiological processes, which affect healthy growth.Evidence has therefore revealed that there are connections betweenthe weight of the affected and the presence of chronic tooth decay(Halikis, 2013). Children who develop dental caries in many cases mayexhibit cariogenic dietary habits, and these are related tohigh-calorie intake (Ramos-Jorge, Pordeus, Ramos-Jorge, Marques, &ampPaiva, 2013).When caries develops, the child often experiences toothpain that affects their ability to eat or drink. These twooccurrences happen at the same time and therefore the childrenexperience delays in growth. Tooth decay is a prevalent condition inchildren, and it occurs when infectious bacteria cause thedemineralization as well as the protolithic chipping of the tooth.The occurrence of tooth decay leads to increased bacterial infectionsin the mouth that are characterized by formation of swellings.

However,recent research into inequalities into oral health reveals thatindividual level factors have a significant role in the occurrence ofthe condition in children. Children who come from disadvantagedsurroundings furthermore have worse oral health than theircounterparts do do. It is necessary to understand that theseinequalities significantly influence the upsurge of the occurrence inchildren from such areas (Halikis, 2013). Poor oral health not onlyaffects the mouth of children it also has grave consequences on thegeneral health as well as the overall living conditions of theaffected. Such occurrences may lead to the development of systematicdiseases as well as emergency hospital visits, hospital stays,increased medication as well as other complications. Healthprofessionals continue to assess the occurrence in young children andhave realized that a majority of disadvantaged children are at highrisk of developing the condition. Some effects are associated withthe occurrence of the status in children, and this may seriouslyaffect their education (Halikis, 2013). Lack of concentration inclass, as well as interrupted classroom attendance commonly, occursin these children and this situation has caused much distress tofamilies. The increased expenditure allotted to the treatment of thecondition has affected the parents of such children and thereforecauses a further economic disadvantage to such families. Dentalcaries continues to be an infectious and easily transmittable diseasethat affects school-going children extensively (Halikis, 2013). It isa public health care problem and has devastating effects on schoolgoing children, and this includes pain, infection, nutritionalinsufficiency, as well as learning and speech problems. Theoccurrence of complications caused by mouth bacteria makes itincreasingly difficult for the child to perform normal socialactivities therefore increasing the need to have professionaltreatment.

Ongoinginvestigations continue to show that there are a number ofoccurrences that may cause the prevalence of caries and these includethe frequent consumption of sugar, lack of efficient mouth cleaningtechniques and eating excessive sugary foods (Muhler, 2014). Theissue may also be compounded by socio-economic status as well asminority situation and lack of access to healthcare facilities. Thereis sufficient evidence showing that the condition is prevalent inlow-income areas and therefore children who come from low-incomeareas are at a higher risk of contracting the condition. Preventivedental care, as well as education, is critical and parents of schoolgoing areas are expected to look for methods of perceiving riskfactors that may lead to tooth decay in children. But, a lowpercentage of low-income children can receive preventative dentalcare as compared to children from high-income areas. There are manybarriers, which can hinder reach to dental health, and operations,especially for children from hardship areas and these include lack tohealthcare as well as insufficient education on the necessity ofdental health in different communities. The prevention measures ofdental caries are costly in school going children it is often hecticfor various healthcare workers especially in areas such as dentistry,medicine. Emphasizing health care promotion has a positive effect onthe mouth hygiene and therefore preventive care visits are necessary(Muhler, 2014). It is also important to educate various stakeholderson the significance of methods of avoiding tooth decay. Furthermore,behavioral and social risk factors that may influence the prevalenceof the condition should also be dealt with immediately (Muhler,2014).Oral health is part general health of school going children andcontributes significantly to their academic performance. However, isan increasing number of cases related to dental caries in children,and it has had devastating effects on the fulfillment of thesechildren. Socioeconomic factors have a major impact on the occurrenceof the status and it necessary to develop reliable approaches to helpensure that the situation change (Khan, Rahman, Hossain, &ampShahin, 2013). There is a need to identify school going children athigher risk and furthermore develop strategies to ensure that thecondition is brought under control.

Theoccurrence of dental caries is common in school going children, andit is often seen in all age groups of children who have both primaryas well as secondary teeth. There is considerable evidence revealingthat diet may influence dental caries in children and furthermore,some socioeconomic factors are related to variations in diet. Thereis furthermore a tendency for those of lower social status to refrainfrom using dental services (Khan, Rahman, Hossain, &amp Shahin,2013).The well to do in most communities can afford these facilitiesunlike the poor who struggle with such conditions. It is evident thatthe higher socio-economic status has a larger number of cavityfillings, and this reduces the amount of enamel destruction byholding back the extension of calories (Khan, Rahman, Hossain, &ampShahin, 2013). The tendency seems to be in the factor of greatercaries susceptibility especially among children of more privilegedsocioeconomic status as compared to the poorer communities (Khan,Rahman, Hossain, &amp Shahin, 2013).Therefore, it is necessary tounderstand that socio-economic status has a huge role to play in theoccurrence of dental caries.However, another aspect of the issue isthe fact that a high rate of tooth decay occurs because thesechildren have more affinity for unhealthy or sweet foods, whichaffect their teeth. Although the growth and development of studentsare related to socio-economic conditions, it has been reported thatchildren from private schools are larger than children from fewerprivileges socioeconomic classes and therefore the social andeconomic class in many cases is often an issue of consideration wherethe problem of dental caries is concerned.

Althoughdental caries in the pediatric as well as young population hasdecreased, it continues to be the most commonly experienced childhooddisease. Reports indicate that dental problems are the leading reasonwhy children miss school and it prevalence is next to that of thecommon cold (Khan, Rahman, Hossain, &amp Shahin, 2013). The extentof the condition is dangerous and therefore it is necessary for thehealth department of schools to develop methods of easily identifyingand dealing with the situation. It is encouraging to note that theoccurrence of dental caries has declined consistently in the last fewdeceased (Khan, Rahman, Hossain, &amp Shahin, 2013).However,research reveals a connection between industrialization, consumerism,increase of sugary foods and the occurrence of dental caries.Ananalysis of some elementary schools shows that dental problems remainthe leading cause of student absence from school. Parents, therefore,have the responsibility of identifying the various risk factors thatare connected to the condition (Muhler, 2014). A number of the riskfactors include issues such as the frequency of carbohydrate intake,the availability of fluoride, the effectiveness of plaque removal,characteristic of saliva, teeth morphology, education as well asattitude. Such information is significant as it helps in the earlyrecognition of the condition. Unhealthy lifestyles as well behaviormay expose children to tooth decay, especially if proper oral hygieneis missing. Dental caries is linked to the continual balance orimbalance between pathological factors and protective factors. Thediet of children should, therefore, be controlled and it is importantto help the children practice proper dental hygiene.

Dentalcaries has compounding effects on children, and their occurrence canaffect the wellbeing as well as the growth of these children.Treating the condition would, therefore, increase the rates of growthas well as the quality of life of many children. It is worth notingthat children who have severe dental caries weigh less than theircounterparts do and after the treatment of the condition there israpid weight gain and improved life quality (Feitosa, Colares, &ampPinkham, 2015).The reason for this is that the dietary intakeimproves, since pain that is associated with the condition decreases.The chronic inflammation from caries will often lead to thesuppression of growth through a metabolic pathway, and this reducesthe amount of hemoglobin due to the depressed erythrocyte production.It has been revealed that tooth decay can lead to disruption ofnormal life in children, especially at an early age. Furthermore, theoccurrence of caries can compromise the quality of life that youngchildren have, especially in school. The oral health problems ofschool going children has become a cause of major concern, andcontinue to receive emphasis in epidemiology as well as contemporarydentistry. Dental caries remains one of the general chronicconditions affecting small children, and it has an impact on thedental capacities of pupils. The dental health status of children isbelieved to have a direct impact on the overall health of the child.The oral health of children is significant because it allows such achild to eat, socialize, and perform other essential functions. Theschool life of children with dental caries is therefore interrupteddue to the condition, and they furthermore find it difficult to carryout core functions. The social as well the emotional wellbeing ofsuch young children is immediately affected by such occurrences andtherefore this is detrimental to their performance in school. Factorssuch as oral hygiene have a huge impact on the oral capacities ofchildren, and lack of proper oral hygiene leads to the occurrence ofdental caries.

Theeffects of failing to treat such children with tooth decay may bedevastating, and this may furthermore have an effect on thewell-being of such children. The occurrence of dental caries inschool going children may hamper the development of their personalityand some issues ranging from environmental deprivation, emotionaldisturbances, as well as parental inadequacy often cause this.Children from low social status have alarmingly high rate of dentalcaries due to poor oral hygiene, improper dietary habits, andshortcomings in health care provision. The occurrence of tooth decayis of much inconvenience and the effects of untreated dental cariesoften present themselves in the form of dental emergencies. Researchreveals that untreated caries has a major effect on the growth andgeneral health of the child (Feitosa, Colares, &amp Pinkham, 2015).In most low-income communities, the surrounding schools havelow-quality sanitary facilities and furthermore no health educationavailable. The prevalence of caries can, therefore, be attributed tolack of awareness, motivation as well as the inaccessibility tohealthcare. Medical research reveals that there are immunologicaleffects that are associated with dental caries in children. Failingto treat tooth decay may cause the development of lesions. These cancause chewing difficulties as well as pain other health disorders inaffected children. Despite health improvement in many communities,the occurrence of dental caries remains prevalent with persistinginequalities (Feitosa, Colares, &amp Pinkham, 2015). Patterns oforal health reveal that earlier mapping out, and identification ofthe condition is instrumental in the treatment of the disease inyoung children. Early detection of the disease will lead to prompttreatment, which is vital in ensuring the development of thecondition is stopped.

Itis necessary to identify the various risk factors that are associatedwith the state as these include breastfeeding, bottle-feeding,sucrose intake as well as the absence of regular and sufficient toothbrushing. Other risk factors that may contribute to the occurrence ofthe condition include dietary habits, the transmission ofpathological microorganisms and hygiene practices that are linked tofamily values and lifestyle. A better understanding of these riskfactors will help improve the condition of the affected child andprevent reoccurrence of the condition. A high occurrence of thestatus in schools often means that it is necessary to increasepreventive measures against the state. It is also needed tounderstand the living condition of schoolchildren, to figure out whythere are increasing cases of dental caries in pupils. It isnecessary to comprehend family has another important role to play inthe development of the child. In the home environment, biological aswell as behavioral mechanisms, which easily trigger dental caries,have been well established. (Kleemola-Kujala,2014).There are a number of issues that may influence the behavior ofaffected children, and tooth decay may lead to a number of outcomesin children. It is therefore necessary to help solve the issue byoffering proper treatment. Psychological processes may have asignificant bearing on this, and some issues in the family maytrigger stressful phenomena in the child (Feitosa, Colares, &ampPinkham, 2015). The inability of a family to give the growing childadequate care is a major problem and it results in alterations in theimmune system of the child (Feitosa, Colares, &amp Pinkham, 2015).It may cause some occurrences such as the cause of body reactionswhich may lead to the occurrence of tooth decay in the growing child.

Accordingto Paula and Mialhe, distant occurrences such as lack of economicpower may result in the deterioration of the condition in the child,and this will often have a tremendous impact on the health and sociallife of the school-going child (Paula and Mialhe,2013).). Differentbehavioral attitudes may also contribute to the occurrence of cariessuch as sugar-rich diet. Proper mouth cleanliness as well as frequentbrushing of teeth as well as proper time of introduction to brushingmay also-also influence the child (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015).In general, oral health conditions, including dental caries, have anenormous impact on the performance of the child. Although numerousstudies are revealing the extent of tooth decay on the schoolperformance of pupils as well as lost school days, there is aninsufficient scientific inquiry into the root causes and effects ofthe occurrence of dental caries in school going children (Sreedharan,CP, &amp TP, 2015).The issue, however, is important in the educationsector because it helps deal with the effects associated with thecondition. There is a huge link between dental caries and decliningperformance of students in schools. The impact of dental caries onthe school as well as the right family of the affected child is ofmuch concern. Dental caries is a common occurrence in schoolchildren,and it is important to carry out sufficient research on the diseaseas well as the quality of life of those affected.

Acs,Chulman and Chussid note that children nursing dental caries havebeen noted to weigh significantly less than those without, thusconfirming the failure to thrive theory (pp. 109).It has been proventhat dental caries sets back the total condition of school goingpupils.. It is necessary to assess this impact on the livingconditions of pupils and how this can lead to the better organizationof all the stakeholders. Evaluating the prevalence of dental cariesin schools can help dentists to come up with viable solutions toissues that may face patients of tooth decay. Furthermore, the properanalysis of the life quality can help bring up viable solutions andtherefore ensure that professional care of the affected children isdone (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015). It also ensures that there isan adequate evaluation of outcomes of various treatment strategiesand initiatives. The prevalence of tooth decay in school going pupilsis especially high in areas where social inequalities occur. Theeffects of tooth decay in affected pupils may vary, but if leftuntreated, the overall results of the condition may cause significantdiscomfort as well as dental pain in young children. It may also leadto complex conditions linked to long-term gum disease that may becompounded by the loss of some teeth. Though dental caries ispreventable, it is one of the most shared and chronic medicalconditions that affects young school age children all over the world.

Dentalcaries is the primary reason for child tooth loss and presents asignificant challenge for dentists (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015).Early childhood caries can have a major effect on the prevalence ofthe condition later on in life. Most children are exposed to generalmedical care at a very young age, but not dental care. Therefore, ifschool going children are not exposed to dental care, it could havedevastating consequences on their dental health. Another angle to theissue of dental carries can be seen through its links with obesity(Feitosa, Colares, &amp Pinkham, 2015).Caries is an imbalancebetween the dental structure and the buccal route where carbohydratesand the host responsible for the initiation as well as theprogression of the condition. Sociological and behavioral factorshave a significant impact on the onset of the disease and may lead toits development in school going children (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP,2015). There is a possible connection between tooth decay andoverweight tendencies in students. Bad eating behavior causes weightproblem for many children as well as dental caries.Dental caries ishypothesized as a possible issue of concern for pupils. Here havebeen associations between caries and the systematic health ofaffected children. Untreated caries may result in low BMI of theaffected child and treatment of the condition will see an improvementin the growth rate and overall health (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP,2015).

Negligenceand lack of proper consideration of child health often influence thewellbeing of the child and may lead to dental complications. Overalleffects of tooth decay include the decay of teeth, which if notproperly handled may lead to the removal of some teeth. There may besome medical complications that arise due to developed dental caries,and these include mandibular cellulitis. Such conditions often occurdue to significant neglect by parents to recognize the dental stateof their children (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015). Complicationsfrom advanced dental caries may lead to the removal of one or moreteeth, and in some cases, this may require advanced dental surgery.It is, therefore, necessary to ensure proper measures are takenespecially in schools to ensure that they do not suffer thesecomplications (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015). When parents fail totend properly to the dental health concerns of such children, then itmay be costly. It would be easier for parents to ensure that theirchildren are not at risk, and this includes supervision of the dentalhygiene of the children. It will also be necessary to monitor theenvironment and other factors that surround the children`s naturalenvironment (Sreedharan, CP, &amp TP, 2015). The school should alsoplay a part in the dental hygiene of the pupil by practicing dietmodification and ensuring it sets up dental health education programsthat target especially these young children, both at home and atschool. Though dental caries is a threat to children, it can easilybe managed, and the use of detailed procedures will ensure that theoccurrence of tooth decay is limited (Sreedharan, CP &amp TP, 2015).Avoiding tooth decay is more viable than treatment, and this willhelp stabilize the education processes of the young children, thusguaranteeing better economic performance.


Followingan analysis of all the condition as described in detail, dentalcaries is a serious condition that needs to be handled with concern.Furthermore, it is necessary to describe efficient actions that willensure that the condition is treated as a matter of concern, due tothe effect that it has on school going children. Efficient measureswill need to be constructed following scrutiny of all these effectsof dental caries as illustrated in detail. Tooth decay in children isa serious and costly condition that largely influences their abilityto reach their full potential, and therefore should be treated as amedical emergency. If the condition occur, the dental rehabilitationwill be necessary to help the affected child to recuperate from thecondition, and live normal life. However, fast action is the key to aquick recovery, and will help to curb further dental damage to thechild.


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