LymphaticDisorders Case Report
Thepatient is likely suffering from lymphedema. This condition ischaracterized by buildup of the fluid known as lymph in the tissuesand thus interfering with its normal flow in the body system (Itkin,M., & McCormack, 2016). The lymph fluid is responsible forfunctions such as carrying foreign material and bacteria away fromthe body tissues and thus playing a critical role in the immunesystem.
Inmost cases, lymphatic injuries can be caused by surgical damages as aresult of surgical cuts and the physical removal of the lymph nodes.Cancer is also another leading cause of lymphedema because as itspread, it may block the vessels. In this case, it was evident thatthe patient had history of cancer. Another risk factor for lymphedemais radiation therapy used in the management of cancer which causesscar tissue to develop and block the lymphatic vessels.
Variousdiagnostic tests can be used to confirm the disease. The most useddiagnosis is computed tomography (CT) scan which identifies the tumorthat could be blocking the lymph vessels. Additionally, an ultrasoundis also recommended because it can look for blood clots which causeswelling of the leg. Lastly, the medical officer can perform a bloodcount. In this case, he or she examines if there is a high level ofwhite blood cells and this is interpreted to mean that one may behaving the infection.
Someof the recommended treatment options for lymphedema include regularexercising, whereby one moves the affected limbs to encourage lymphfluid drainage. Additionally, wrapping of arms and legs can alsohelp. Other available methods of managing lymphedema include massage,pneumatic compression and completedecongestive therapy.
Itkin,M., & McCormack, F. X. (2016). Nonmalignant Adult ThoracicLymphatic Disorders. Clinicsin Chest Medicine, 37(3),409-420.