Medical Terminology


Medicalterminologies are universal to the health industry and help healthexperts to know what is happening and how to react to help patients.It is a language that is not just for doctors or nurses, but it isimportant for other personnel working in healthcare facilities.Medical workers who are not privy of the medical language get lostwhen given tasks and blunder in most cases (O`Connellet al., 2015).Medical practitioners use their language to describe the condition ofa patient and the steps that should be taken to correct the situationand lack of proper knowledge of medical terms can lead to a breakdownin communication between healthcare personnel and may lead to patientneglect. This paper discusses the various aspects of use of medicalterminologies while laying a greater emphasis on the importance ofbeing conversant with medical terminologies.

Medicalexperts prefer using medical terminologies to hide some details aboutthe patient to help the patient and family members deal with emotions(Ehrlich&amp Schroeder, 2014).It is, therefore, crucial to fully understand the medicalterminologies to use them effectively. Proper training on medicalterminology has a lot of benefits such as easy documentation andcommunication there is standardized communication between medicalpractitioners, and avoidance of errors (Fischhoff,2012). Failureto properly document or communicate medical records may put them indanger and cause health problems. The pharmaceutical industryrequires a lot of training, and medical terminology is one of thecritical areas of training.

Errorsassociated with medication are linked to the writing of orders inabbreviation. With the increased use of information technology, theadoption of abbreviation in drug information library poses a threatto the safety of patients (Chabner,2014).The use of abbreviation is prevalent and can harm patients despitethere being a patient-safety board that serves to improvecommunication and stop the use of acronyms. There have been numerouscases of errors cause by medical abbreviations over the years.Although the rate of patient harm is relatively small, avoiding anydamage is the ultimate objective. Medical practitioners useabbreviations to save time, not knowing that it can lead to loss oflives. Abbreviation errors came from the prescribing node. One maysay that errors arising from this node are less problematic since thepath between patient receipt and prescribing of the order is bound todetect errors. They, however, present unwarranted risks and removingabbreviations is a good solution than depending on control measuresto detect errors. Identifying staff members that contribute tomedical errors through the use of abbreviations shows areas that needattention. Education about the dangers of abbreviations in themedical industry should be launched to make people aware of theserisks. Abbreviations constrain medical terminology because medicalstaff no longer communicate in their language but rather rely onabbreviations to save time (Cohen&amp DePetris, 2013).Medical abbreviations also make health officials lazy because theywant to write doses of medicine quickly without considering thenegative effects it might have on patients. It is correct to say thatmedical abbreviation does harm to both the patient and the drugindustry. Measures should be taken to avert this.

Inspite of their convenience, medical abbreviations are responsible forgross errors and even death. Close to 7000 deaths annually isattributed to medication errors, according to Institute for SafeMedication Practices (Walker,Wood &amp Nicol, 2012).The adoption of abbreviation has a great percentage to this figure.The acronym is known to have ambiguity. An abbreviation can have morethan a single word and can be misinterpreted. For example CP isknown to stand for Cleft Palate in the medical field but was coinedinto Cerebral Palsy later on. An investigation into how many wordsin the medical field are abbreviated as CP gave 78 phrases, includingchest pain, cardiac pacing, candle power, and chicken pox. There arealso unclear abbreviations. The medical industry is full of peoplewho specialize in certain areas. A physician who is in trainingrotated among specialties but was not familiar with otolaryngology,did a questionnaire to know his knowledge of specializedabbreviation. He was not aware of 90% of abbreviations in otherspecialties, and this is the same scenario for nurses who arefloating from units. What is so obvious to one specialty is unclearto another.

Inthe world of medicine, it is vital that all instructions and notesfrom the medical team that is treating a patient are correct andprecise (Heller,2016). Assumptions that are inferred can cause health concerns andeven death. One of the most unfortunate things that can take place inthe medical field is the incorrect use of words that are similar.Examples of words that are similar but have different meanings in themedical field include Dysphasia and Dysphagia, Cornual and Corneal,pleural and plural, aural and oral, peroneal and perinea. Dysphagiacauses problems with swallowing while dysphasia is as a result ofbrain injury and makes communication impossible. Cornual refers to anarea of the fallopian tube while corneal refers to the cornea of theeye (Nie,Akbari &amp Chua, 2014).Aural is about to the ear while oral is about the mouth. It is commonto mistake these terms because they sound alike and it calls foraccuracy and diligence from the medical team. It is also critical toknow the critical members of the medical team and misuse of medicalterminology often lead to misdiagnosis of conditions and a patientend up being given the wrong medication.

Medicalterminology is the language that is used by health practitioners.They also use it in advising patients and talking to the family of apatient. The repercussions of confusing medical terms can vary fromdetrimental to life threatening. Improper use medical terms can leadto mistreatment of fatal health conditions such as heart disease anddiabetes. It can also increase the possibility of using emergencyservices. Among the elderly, poor communication can lead to death. Amajor worry for patients who do not fully know their conditions mightoccur between visits to their doctors. It is possible to avoidconfusion that surrounds medical terminology by talking slowly topatients so that they understand whatever you are saying, repeatingmain points so that they understand you and avoiding jargon that canbe misunderstood. By asking patients to repeat important points,health practitioners can assess whether or not the patient has fullyunderstood a point. Medical terminologies are important in themedical field but if poorly used, they can lead to a breakdown incommunication. It is, therefore, vital for healthcare givers to usethem properly.

Manyprofessionals use medical terminology to hide details about apatient’s condition, and if utilized well, it has a lot ofbenefits. Medical terminology helps health workers to be clear whencommunicating with one another. Medical terminology allows healthpractitioners communicate efficiently and lets them have their spacewhen communicating (Kuperman,Gardner &amp Pryor, 2013).Medical terminology also gives health experts an opportunity to hideinformation about the condition of a patient, especially if thepatient is emotional and they do not know how the patient mightreact. Medical terminology lets health workers to hide informationfrom the family of a patient if they do not want to disclose it orare not sure of their reaction. Through medical terminology, medicalexperts have their room to make decisions without the interferencefrom other people since they do not understand the language.


Medicalterminology is critical to the health industry, and if doctors arewell trained on how to use it, it holds primary advantages to thehealth industry (Chabner,2013).Although the use of medical terminology has been cited to causeconfusion in communication between patients and doctors, a fewprecautions can be taken to solve this and restore the use of medicalterminology in the health sector. Slowing down while communicating,repeating yourself and asking patients to repeat what you tell themare some of the measures that can be applied to make the medicalterminology more beneficial. Medical terminology holds a great futureand if well utilized and improved, it will not only enhancecommunication between patients and health officials but alsostrengthens the health sector. plays asignificant role in the area of health and can only improve withtime.


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