Kant,in his book, aspires to show that moral principles and theory arenormative for rational agents. He strives to expose the indignantprinciple of morality so as to prove that they apply to everyindividual (Gregor, 2014). In his book, Kant gives a groundbreakingthought that the rightness of an action is circumscribed by thenature of the principle, which a person takes to act upon.
Naturally,everything works by law, but only humans act consciously regardingthe law. However, individuals do have idiosyncratic notions thatsometimes override the dictates of practicality and reason.Therefore, persons react to reason as an obligation (a command whichrequires us to behave in a particular manner) or as an imperative(Gregor, 2014). Imperative is further divided into two categories_hypothetical and categorical.
Thehypothetical imperative calls for an action or deed in order toachieve something at the end_ "Do X to (or “intending to”)getting Y." In this instance, it is crucial that we areethically obligated to undertake action X solely when we areconfident that X is a legit objective and that doing X will indeedbring forth the required result.
Categoricalimperative requires the entire undertaking of a particular task forits sake_ "Do X." (Gregor, 2014)Henceforth, this sort ofabsolute moral demand gives rise to some common challenges that woulddirectly bind anyone who will not be cluttered through personalinclinations. This judgment cannot be a logical sense since as such,it is not included in the principle of the rational agent.
Limitedsolely by the universality concept, the logical reason for anyintelligent agent takes this principle to mean: "Act only inaccordance with the maxim whereby you have no problem if this policywas adopted as the universal law." (Gregor, 2014). Henceforth,this implies that each individual sees himself as determining, in hisdecision to act in a particular manner, and that everybody (even theagent itself) must act in accordance to this general rule in the daysto come. Notably, this definition of the moral law is what gives apractical and irrefutable technicality for measuring particular humandeeds with distinctive varieties.
Theauthor concludes that ethical obligations (morals) result ininstances even where other humans are not concerned. Because it wouldbe incongruous to generalize the maxim of terminating one`s personallife in cases where it warrants more suffering than comfort, Kant,suggested that we have an absolute obligation to ourselves of nottaking our lives (Gregor, 2014). Therefore, all of us have theimperfect duty of utilizing our talents, since, no single personwould opt for a generalized maxim of refusing to grow theself-discipline vital for gratifying our innate abilities.
Gregor,K.M (Ed), (2014), Groundworkof the Metaphysics of Morals:Cambridge University