Neonatal abstinence syndrome

Neonatalabstinence syndrome

Neonatalabstinence syndromes (NAS) is the term used to refer to several signsand symptoms that are usually exhibited by newborns of drug abusingmother. Some drugs that are used during pregnancy usually find theirway to the unborn. Drugs can find their way into the body of thefetus through several ways, for example, they can bind to thereceptors of the central nervous system. The resultant impact of thisexchange of active drug materials is that the drug accumulates in thefetus and the amniotic fluid and thus the unborn child is likely todevelop drug dependence (Ruwanpathirana et al. 2015). When suchchildren are born, because of early drug dependence, they tend tosuffer from withdrawal symptoms. The problem surrounding Neonatalabstinence syndrome is that it exposes the child to a lot of harm.For example, one may want to know, “What are the health impacts of on the newborn child who has weak immunesystems?”

Neonatalabstinence syndrome is a very serious concern because it exposes thefetus to a lot of harms. For example, research states that unborn andnewly born children usually have a weak immune system(Immunosuppressed system). This means that their bodies are not ableto detect foreign substances efficiently and initiate the propercorrective measures. Additionally, the liver which is the primaryorgan responsible for biotransformation has not fully developed tocarry out its functions. When the mothers use specific drugs that arecapable of reaching the fetus, it is evident that there will be theaccumulation of active ingredients and this will result in systemictoxicities. If the child is lucky to be born alive, he or she maysuffer from major congenital disabilities as is usually seen withsome anti-malarial medications which cause abnormal tissue growth.This issue is also compelling to me because current statisticsindicate that the number of drug dependence mothers are on the riseand this means that many of them will be reluctant to seek medicalhelp thus even putting their unborn children at a higher risk ofdeveloping .

Someof the things that I known about arethat examples of the drugs that are associated with it includecocaine, opiates, alcohol and amphetamine. Additionally, NAS is alsorelated to medications such as diazepam, marijuana, diphenhydramineamong others. can cause brain damage,premature birth, microcephaly, and congenital abnormalities amongothers (Ruwanpathirana et al. 2015). When it comes to themanifestation of the condition, it is evident that this is uniquedepending on various factors such as the drug that was used,frequency and dosage and the mother’s and children’s metabolicsystems.

Oneof the important things that I would love to learn more about iswhether lifestyle and behavior habits of women who are abusing drugscan also cause . Additionally, I wouldlike to understand how NAS IS diagnosed especially considering thatits signs and symptoms vary depending on the case that was presented.Additionally, since the psychologist has to rely also on the mother`stestimony, it is evident that the patient may deny using the drugsand this can limit the effectiveness of the intervention. It would bevery interesting to learn about `sclinical diagnosis approach and how health experts can differentiateNAS symptoms from other conditions such as diabetes.


Ruwanpathirana,R., Abdel‐Latif,M. E., Burns, L., Chen, J., Craig, F., Lui, K., &amp Oei, J. L.(2015). Prematurity reduces the severity and need for treatment ofneonatal abstinence syndrome.&nbspActaPaediatrica,&nbsp104(5),e188-e194.