NGO’S SUPPORT TO THE IGO’S 2
NGO’sSUPPORT TO THE IGO’s
IntergovernmentalOrganizations (IGO’s) are bodies mainly composed of sovereign ormember states. They are often referred to as internationalorganizations, and in a legal sense, they should be differentiatedfrom the simple groupings or coalitions of states, like the Quartetor the G8 which exist as task groups.1Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO’s) are non-profit institutionsthat are independent of international governmental organizations andstates. However, there are various ways that the NGO’s canformulate demand on and support the IGO’s because they needadvisory assistance to ensure ideal execution of their services.
First,the NGOs can use the advisory committee channel to address some ofthe demands of the IGO’s. The panels may comprise of experts aswell as advanced agents from the civil society organizations whichshould consult on certain policy concerns. The plan is common inseveral contexts which may comprise of international service NGO’s,for instance, Plan International.2Other examples include the ECOSOC’s, which is a permanent forum forindigenous issues and the UN Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters.Additionally, there is the UN Department of Public Information (DPI)and IFAD Consultation Steering Committee. Others include theNGO-UNESCO Liaison Committee which is responsible for permanentcoordination of IGO-NGO cooperation and The Office of the Coordinatorof Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) which is an interagency harmonizationarrangement that constitutes frontrunners of five NGO’s that headthe UN humanitarian agencies and the representatives of the UNDP.
Anotherchannel would be creating a committed unit within the IGO’s. It isa mechanism developed to circulate facts and foster negotiation withthe NGO’s. Examples of such are the UNEP Civil Society, an NGOentity in Division of Policy Development and Law (DPDL).3Likewise, there is the UNESCO Independent Evaluation Office whichupholds contact with involved and vigorous NGOs. The World Bank CivilSociety Engagement Staff which include the Civil Society CountryStaff who work at the national level are also examples of such units.They establishment coordination through stratagem, offer advice tothe executive panel, research and disseminate teams.
Theuse of CSO Mentors in the national delegations may be an additionalchannel that may be used by the NGO’s. The representatives may beinvolved in the delegation to an international forum. Examples mayinclude the Sectorial Advisory Groups on International Trade.4It constitutes some senior business executives, and the members issueconfidential advice on issues pertaining trade policy agendas.
Furtherchannels to be used by the NGO may be the participation in officialforums to draft treaties. The influence of NGO’s should beparamount at initial phases of policy conceptualization process,particularly in setting agendas.5The NGO’s can get involved in a negotiating role in addition todrafting the accord. Instances of such include the InternationalCampaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), participation in the OttawaConvectional to Ban Anti-Personnel Landmines. Moreover, there is theJubilee 2000 initiative on debt relief.
Morestrategies would be for the NGOs to act as members of theintergovernmental organizations and attending their council meetingsin their attempt to support them and help them achieve their goals.6Mostly, they are consultative meetings and are either regular orscheduled. An instance where NGOs have done that is the case ofInternational Commission for Scientific Exploration of theMediterranean Sea. In 2000 the executives were elected through anonline-based worldwide election. The UNESCO and NGO conferences oftentake place after two years. They mainly discuss programs that wouldensure that the intergovernmental organizations succeed in theirwork, regional priorities as well as promoting development.
IGOsneed the support of the NGOs to ensure that their services reach thetargeted groups. NGOs can assist them through advising andparticipating in various consultative meetings. They also act asmembers of these IGOs and assist them in their activities.
Brown,L. David, Alnoor Ebrahim, and Srilatha Batliwala. "Governinginternational advocacy NGOs." WorldDevelopment40, no. 6 (2012): 1098-1108.
Kaya,Devrimi, Klaus Henselmann, and Robert J. Kirsch. "The role ofnon-governmental organizations (NGOs) as intermediaries of theEuropean Union decision to adopt International Accounting Standards:1973–2002." Availableat SSRN(2015).
Pease,Kelly-Kate. Internationalorganizations.New York N.Y: Routledge, 2015.
Tallberg,Jonas, Lisa M. Dellmuth, Hans Agné, and Andreas Duit. "NGOInfluence in International Organizations: Information, Access andExchange." BritishJournal of Political Science(2015): 1-26.
1 Pease, Kelly-Kate (International organizations. New York: Routledge, 2015), 15
2 Brown, L. David, Alnoor Ebrahim, and Srilatha Batliwala. "Governing international advocacy NGOs." World Development 40, no. 6 (2012): 1098-1108: 1102
3 Tallberg, Jonas, Lisa M. Dellmuth, Hans Agné, and Andreas Duit. "NGO Influence in International Organizations: Information, Access and Exchange." British Journal of Political Science (2015): 1-26: 4
4 Pease, p157
5 Tallberg, Lisa, Hans and Andreas, p28
6 Kaya, Devrimi, Klaus Henselmann, and Robert J. Kirsch. "The role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as intermediaries of the European Union decision to adopt International Accounting Standards: 1973–2002." Available at SSRN (2015): 4