Obesity in schools and how to change it

Obesityin schools and how to change it

Author’sname

Obesityin schools and how to change it

Obesityin children is a health condition that has substantially been on therise over the recent past. “Obesity is described as the conditionwhere an individual has excess body fats”[ CITATION Evi l 1033 ].The pervasiveness of the condition among children is alarming becauseof the associated social and health impacts. There are various causesof obesity in children and adults that require prevention measures tomitigate the associated healtheffects. The essay seeks to focus on the effects of obesity onchildren in school and factors to consider in alleviating thecondition.

Body

Thereare various causes of obesity and overweight in children such as lackof physical exercise, consumption of unhealthy foods, and eatinghabits. There are other causes of obesity that arise due to geneticfactors. For instance, obesity problem in a family may manifest inchildren thus increasing chances of becoming overweight or obese[ CITATION Ian13 l 1033 ].Nevertheless, research studies argue that only a few cases of obesityamong children are associated with the hormonal problem[ CITATION Mor11 l 1033 ].The impacts of obesity among children have been adverse. According tostudies, obesity or overweight condition among children is related tohigh mortality rate[ CITATION Evi l 1033 ].

Overthe recent past, childhood obesity has dramatically increased, andthe statistics have raised concerns among health practitioners.According to research studies, there are more than one-third ofchildren with obesity condition[ CITATION Mor11 l 1033 ].Medical practitioners stipulate that childhood obesity has increasedwith a bigger margin compared to adulthoodobesity. Obesity has become a paramount concern because ofindividuals living sedentary lifestyles. Therefore, parents are urgedto take initiatives to prevent childhood obesity escalating intoadulthood obesity or other diseases.

Theeffect obesity on children in schools

Obesityin children poses adverse social and psychological problems. Forinstance, studies have indicated that overweight children have ahigher chance of experiencing mental problems such as torture,bullying, and discrimination. These psychological effects have anegative impact on the performance of a child and the development offriendship. Children with the obese condition have a low-self-esteem,and this affects their association with other children in school[ CITATION Ian13 l 1033 ].Discrimination against obese children is a paramount social concernthat affects children’s behavior and attitude towards other people.Obese children are often discriminated against because of their bodycondition thus leads to low self-esteem and association problems.

Obesitycondition either in children or adolescent poses a grave risk ofmyriad diseases and disorders. For instance, obese children have ahigher likelihood of contracting a cardiovascular disease such ashigh blood pressure. According to statistics, 70 percent of obesechildren had at least one variable for cardiovascular disease[ CITATION Mor11 l 1033 ].Moreover, obese children have greater peril of having joint and boneproblems. As a result, obese children require full health careservice to prevent deterioration and development of the healthcondition.

Proposedpolicies

Variousintervention measures have been put in place to prevent and alleviateobesity condition in children. According to health professionals,obesity can be mitigated by checking lifestyle habits and ensuringhealthy eating among children[ CITATION Evi l 1033 ].Additionally, children are encouraged to participate in physicalactivities so as to cut off body fats.

Physicalactivities and dietary habits in the society are influenced by amyriad of factors such as family, schools, the media, community, andmedical health providers, among others. Therefore, the relevantinstitutions or parties ought to take appropriate actions in ensuringchildren adjust into proper eating and physical activity behaviors.

Schoolshave a primary role in providing a safe and conducive environmentthat supports learning. One of the strategies that it can implementis to instigate policies and practices that adhere to proper andhealthy behaviors. Schools provide students with the opportunity tolearn about healthy eating habits and importance of physicalactivities. Various changes in the school meal programs should beinitiated to prevent children from taking unhealthy and sugary foods.For instance, the school ought to restrict the availability ofunhealthy foods and make water available throughout the day[ CITATION Ian13 l 1033 ].Making physical activities and eating habits alterations in school isnot easy, but it helps students in preventing overweight and obesitycondition.

Conclusion

Obesityis a health condition that requires appropriate intervention to avoidadverse health, social and psychological impacts. Increasedincidences of obesity in children have raised eyebrows among healthprofessionals, resulting in lifestyle and eating interventionmeasures. The modern society has adopted new lifestyle and eatinghabits that have caused a significant health impact. There are myriadfactors that need to change so as to prevent obesity conditions amongchildren such physical activities, food, and eating habits.Overweight and obesity condition among children requires necessaryintervention measures from parents, school, and the community, as awhole. Obese children ought to be respected and appreciated in thesociety to prevent social problems such as low self-esteem andisolation.

References

Iannotti, R. J., &amp Wang, J. (2013). Trends in Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Diet, and BMI Among US Adolescents, 2001–2009. Pediatrics, 132 (4), 606-614.

Maher et a, O. T. (2011). Evidence that the prevalence of childhood overweight is plateauing: data from nine countries. Int J Pediatr Obes, 6 (5-6), 342-360.

Moreno, L. A., Pigeot, I., &amp Ahrens, W. (2011). Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: Prevalence and Etiology. New York: Springer Science &amp Business Media.