Effectsof Open Immigration Policies on America’s National Security
Overthe years, Immigration has been presumed as an issue of domesticsecurity and international competitiveness in America. Immigrationposes the questions about American identity and citizenship. Theemergence of immigration as a foreign policy has resulted inincreasing in globalization. Immigration has been viewed as acontributing factor to crimes in the U.S. This has been made evidentby citing some statistics. For instance, in 2004, Los Angeles 2/3 offugitive felony warrants, 95% of homicide warrants and target illegalaliens were all associated with immigrants (Julia, 2013). Despite thefact that immigrants in U.S have various benefits to the countryranging from increasing the labor force to new work skills andinventions, illegal immigrants have been viewed as a big threat tothe national security of the U.S if the open immigration policies areenforced. This paper will explore the open migration policies thathave been implemented and enforced in the U.S and their effects onthe national security in the United States of America.
Theenacting of Special Order 40 was in response to the increasing numberof illegal aliens in Los Angeles, U.S.A in 1979. The order barsofficers from initiating any form of action on the criminal in theprocess of digging out the alien status of a person. The police haveno right of asking the arrested persons their immigrant status untilthe criminal charges are entered. Besides, police officers areprohibited from arresting someone because of any crime related to theimmigrant violation. Similarly, officers were barred from checking aperson’s immigrant status. Confirmation of a person’simmigration status is only applicable when she/he has been left outfor a felony.
Policiesand laws that are related to this order are defined as sanctuary lawsbecause they contradict the available information regarding crimereduction strategies. One of the most important discoveries in theenforcement of law is the possible implications of communitypolicing. Scholars believe that t most efficient way to reduce crimecommitted by illegal immigrants is by enforcing immigrant policieseven though sanctuary laws are against this enforcement. The U.Simmigration policy protects immigrants in that police cannot arrest aperson for immigration felony. This policy has faced critique byscholars who argue that this policy exposes the U.S.A to securityrelated risks (Julia, 2013).
Thekey aim of enacting sanctuary laws is to encourage the illegalimmigrants involved in crime and witnesses to cooperate with policeofficers without fearing deportation. Critics have argued by statingthat there is no empirical evidence revealing on how the sanctuarylaws increase cooperation of the immigrant crime victims andwitnesses with the police. Additionally, the critics assert that theonly reason that dictates cities to bar officers from immigrantenforcement and reporting is the fear of alienating the illegalimmigrants, who are of great benefit to the U.S government.
Inan attempt to adopt open immigration policy, cities in the U.S suchas Los Angeles have realized that the sanctuary laws are designed toreduce the scope of the investigation. Similarly, the laws work insuch a way that when the local city agencies need the assistance ofimmigration officials, they are overwhelmed hence the police fail toget the assistance they require. The sanctuary laws and this lack ofassistance encourage crime activities by illegal immigrants.Immigrants believe they are not supposed to be deported or punishedbecause the laws protect them.
Further,illegal immigrants have been revealed as a big threat to nationalsecurity of the U.S by the California Department of Justice in 2004.This report stated that 60% of the population in 18th Street Gang inCalifornia is illegal and a big threat to security. The gang worksalongside the Mexican Mafias who are engaged in various illegalactivities. The gang is increasing dramatically over the past twoyears. They recruit new immigrants who have recently settled inAmerica and Mexico.
Inconclusion, in an attempt to protect their national security, the U.Sgovernment has come up with immigration control system and borderelements. They give room for reasonable judgments to those immigrantswho might pose a security threat to the U.S. The system will resultin a reduction in the number of immigrants admitted in the UnitedStates[ CITATION Jul13 l 1033 ].However,the efforts of the U.S government have been hindered by those peoplewho mistaken the national security strategy on immigrantrestrictions. If this is not addressed immediately, it is likely toresult in lasting damage to U.S national security and economicstrength.
Julia, T. (2013, August 24). Is Immigration a Threat to Security? E-International Relations , pp. 5-9.